Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

The effect of fermented organic feed usage on the health status of kampong chicken

Research Paper | April 1, 2018

| Download 9

Imbang Dwi Rahayu, Wahyu Widodo, Adi Sutanto

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.12( 4), 35-42, April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.4.35-42


IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]


This research aims to determine the effect of the use of fermented organic feed to the health status of Kampong chickens based on the number of bacteria in the intestine and their blood profile. The experiment method with Completely Randomized Design (CRD) was utilized in this study. There were four treatments, T0 = organic feed without fermentation, T1 = organic feed with fermented rice bran, T2 = organic feed with fermented corn and T3 = a combination of fermented rice bran and corn. The fermentation was done using yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, each of these treatments consisted of ten chickens. The parameters measured were the colony number of Escherichia coli, Salmonella sp. in the intestine, the number of erythrocytes, leukocyte, level of hemoglobin and hematocrit, atotal of plasma protein and blood glucose. The data were analyzed by quantitative descriptive analysis. The results show that the fermented rice bran provides the best growth inhibitory effect of E. coli, at 232.6 x 103 cfu/ml, towards Salmonella sp. has been reached by the combination of fermented rice bran and corn, at 794 x 103 cfu/ml. The number of erythrocytes, leukocytes, hematocrit level and a total of plasma protein of blood samples obtained good results by the standard of the literature. The hemoglobin level in rice bran and corn fermented according to the standard level, although in control and the combination of fermented rice bran and corn were less than standard, 6.82 g/dl and 6.30 g/dl respectively.


Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

The effect of fermented organic feed usage on the health status of kampong chicken

Asiyah N, Sunarti D, Atmom Arsono U. 2013. The free choicefeeding method to performance of Coturnix coturnix japonica. Animal Agricultural Journal 2 (1), 497 – 502.

Sharifzadeh A, Abbas Doosti, Abbas Mokhtari-Farsani.2014.Studyofmultiple-drug resistance transfer factorsfrom isolated E. coliof poultry farms to Salmonellatyphimurium. Advances in Life Sciences 4 (3), 174-177. http://doi:10.5923/j.als.20140403.13

Coles EH.1986. Veterinary Clinical Pathology. 4th Ed. Philadelphia, USA: WB Saunders.

Fuller R. 1989. Probiotic in man and animals. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 66, 365-378. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.1989.tb05105.x

Geetha PS, Maheswari I, Anandham R, Nalla kurumban B.2015. Heat Stabilized Defatted Rice Bran (HDRB) fermented with S. cerevisiaevar. MTCC 3813 to enhance the protein content with bioactivity. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 5(4), 2250 – 3153.

Higgins JP, Higgins SE, Vicente JI, Wolvenden AD, Tellez G, Hargis BM.2007. Temporal effect of lactic acid bacteria probiotic culture on Salmonella in neonatal broiler. Poultry Science 86, 1662-1666. http://doi.org/10.1093/ps/86.8.1662

Hooge D. Meta-analysis of broiler chicken pen trials evaluating dietary mannan oligosaccharide 1993-2003. International Journal of Poultry Science 3, 163-174. http://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2004.163.174

Iji PA, Saki AA, Tyvei DR. 2001. Intestinal structure and function of broiler chicken on diets  supplemented with amannan oligosaccharide. Journal of The Science of Food and Agriculture 81, 1186-1192. http://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.925

Janardhana V, Broadway MM, Bruce MP, Lowenthal JW, Geier MS, Hughes RJ, Bears AGD.2009. Prebiotics modulate immune responses in the gut-associated lymphoid tissue of chickens. The Journal of Nutrition 139, 1404-1409. http://doi.org/10.3945/jn.109.105007

Koc F, Samili H, Okur A, Ozduven M, Akyurek H, Senkoylu N. 2010. Effect of S. cerevisiae and/or mannan oligosaccharide on performance blood parameters and intestinal microbiota of broiler chicks. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science 16(5),643-650. http://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933917000757

Kander M. 2004. Effect of Bifidobacterium sp. on the health state of piglets, determined on the basis ofhematological and biochemical indices. Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural University7(2), 7.

Lin D, Yan M, Lin S, Chen S.2014. Increasing prevaalence of hydrogen sulfide negative Salmonella in retail meats. Food Microbiology43, 1-4. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.fm.2014.04.010

Phokela PT, Ateba CN, Kawadza DT. 2011. Assesingresistance profiles in Escherichia coli and Salmonella spesies from groundwater in the Mafikeng Area, South Africa. African Journal of Microbiology Research 5 (32). http://doi.org/10.5897/ajmr11.934

Suryani AE, Mohammad Faiz Karimy, Lusty Istiqomah, Ahmad Sofyan, Hendra Hardian, Michael Haryadi Wibowo, 2014. Prevalensi colibasilosis pada ayam broiler yang diinfeksi E.coli dengan pemberian bio aditif, probiotik dan antibiotik. Widyariset 17(2), 233-244. http://doi.org/10.14203/widyariset.17.2.2014.233-244

Sallam KI, Mohammed MA, Hassan MA, Tamura T.2014. Prevalence, molecular identification and antimicrobial resistance profile of Salmonella serovars isolated from retail beef product in Mansoura, Egypt. Food Control38, 209-214. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2013.10.027

Spring P, Wenk C, Dawson KA, Newman KE.2000. The effects of dietary manna oligosaccharides on ceca parameters and the concentrations of enteric bacteria in the ceca of Salmonella-challenged broiler chicks. Poultry Science 79(2), 205–211. http://doi.org/10.1093/ps/79.2.205

Simon O, Jadamus A, Vahjen W. 2001. Probiotic feed additives effectiveness and expected modes onaction. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences 10, 559-563. http://doi.org/10.22358/jafs/70012/2001

Stern NJ, Cox NA, Bailey JS, Berbang ME, Musgrove MT.2001. Comparison of mucosal competitive exclusion and competitive treatment to reduce Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. colonization in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 80(2), 156-160. http://doi.org/10.1093/ps/80.2.156

SilviaM, JanA, Marta T, Jana KE, Radomira N, Monika G, Darina B. 2008. Effect of probiotics, prebiotics and herb oil on performance andmetabolic parameters of broiler chickens. Medycyna Weterynaryjna 64(3), 294-297.

Thung TY, Mahyudin NA, Basri DF, Wan Mohamed Radzi CWJ, Nacaguchi Y, Nishibuchi M, RaduS.2016. Prevalence and antibiotic resistance of Salmonella enteridis and Salmonella typhimurium in raw chickenmeat at retail markets in Malaysia. Poultry Science 95(8), 1888-1893. http://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pew144

Wijiastuti T, Endro Yuwono, NingIriyanti, 2013. Pengaruh pemberian minyak ikan lemuru terhadap total protein plasma dan kadar hemoglobin (Hb) pada ayam kampung. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan 1(1), 228-235.

Webber A, Hettiarachchy NS, Webber DM, Sivarooban T. 2014. Heat-stabilized defatted rice bran (HDRB) as an alternative growth medium for S. cerevisiae. Journal of Food and Nutrition 1, 1–6. http://doi:10.17303/jfn.2014.103