J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(6), 168-172, December 2014
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease, and it is accompanied by progressive joint degeneration. Drug and non-drug treatments have been proposed for treating this disease. The non-drug treatments often start with exercises. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to study the effects of water exercises on knee osteoarthritis in middle-aged men. Thirty of the patients who had been referred to the Shariati and Loghman-e Hakim Hospitals and satisfied the requirements for participating in the research, and volunteered to take part in it, were selected and randomly divided into the exercise and the control groups. The exercise group exercised in water three sessions a week for 8 weeks with specified intensity and duration in each session. After the 8-week exercise training, pain intensity, range of motion, and motor function of the knee joint in the exercise group were measured. Results of the independent t-test showed that water exercise had significant effects (p ≤ 0.05) on pain intensity, range of motion, and motor function of the knee joint in the exercise group. Therefore, it seems water exercise can improve knee osteoarthritis and reduce disability and clinical symptoms in middle-aged men.
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