Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2015

VIEWS 1
| Download 1

The effects of soil organic matter content and soil texture on the population number of Pratylenchus loosi, in tea plantation of Iran

A. Hosseinikhah Choshali, A. Seraji, S. Rezaee, A. Shirinfekr, S.N. Mirghasemi

Key Words:


Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.6(2), 54-61, February 2015

Certification:

IJAAR 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Tea, Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, is an edible and evergreen plant which has numerous medicinal and calmative characteristic. Tea root lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus loosi, is one of the most important pests in Iran, which causes loss in quantity and quality of tea. 183 soil and root samples were taken randomly from tea plantations in Iran. The highest mean population of P. loosi in soils and roots was observed in soils with organic matter less than 2 percent. The results of regression analyses showed that there is no significant correlation between soil organic matter content with neither the population number of nematodes in one g of feeder roots nor the population density in 100 g of soil. Three types of soil texture classes were observed such as loam, sandy loam and sandy clay loam as if the highest percentage of infestation was observed in sandy loam soil. The results of regression analysis showed that there was no significant correlation between sand, silt and clay percent with mean population of nematode in sandy loam, sandy clay loam and loam soils. Total results showed that tea root lesion nematode in light texture soils are more active and had greater population numbers.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

The effects of soil organic matter content and soil texture on the population number of Pratylenchus loosi, in tea plantation of Iran

Agyarko K, Asante JS. 2005. Nematode dynamics in soil amended with neem leaves and Poultry manure. Asian J Plant Sci. 4, 426-428.

Akhtar M, Malik A. 2000. Roles of organic soil amendments and soil organisms in the biological control of plant-parasitic nematodes: a review. Bioresource Technology 74, 35-47.

Castillo P, Volvas N. 2007. Pratylenchus (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae): Diagnosis, Biology, Pathogenicity and Management. Nematology Monographs and Perspectives. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV, 529 p.

Coolen WA, d’Herd CJ. 1972. A method for the quantitive extraction of nematodes from plant tissue. Ghent Agri. Res. Cent., Belgium, 77 p.

Crow WT, Dunn RA. 1994. Soil organic matter, green manures and cover crops for nematode management. University of Florida, IFAS Extension. http//edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

Endo BY. 1959. Responses of root-lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus brachyurus and P. zeae, to various plants and soil types. Phytopathology 49, 417-421.

Ghaderi R, Karegar Bideh A, Hamzeh Zarghani H. 2010. Comparison of different sampling patterns and soil texture effect on the estimation of root lesion nematode populations (Pratylenchus neglectus and P. thornei) in irrigated wheat and corn fields of Marvdasht region. 19th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, 31 July– 3 August 2010.

Gnanapragasam NC, Sivapalan P. 1991. Influence of soil types and storage conditions on the recovery of Pratylenchus loosi from soil samples. Afro–Asian Journal of Nematology 1, 150-153.

Griffin GD. 1996. Importance of soil texture to the pathogenicity of plant parasitic nematodes on rangeland grasses. Nematropica 26, 27-37.

James, AD. 1983.  Camellia  sinensis (L.)  Kuntze. Hand book of energey crops, unpublished. Available on the http://hort–purdue.Edu/newcrop/nexus/Camelliasinensi–nex.html

Jenkins WR. 1964. A rapid centrifugel flotation technique for separating nematodes from soil. Plant Diseases 48, 692.

Kimenju JW, Muiru DM, Karanja NK, Nyongesa MW, Miano DW. 2004. Assessing the role of organic amendments in management of root-knot nematodes on common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris L. Trop. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 3, 14-23.

Koenning SR, Edmisten KL, Barker KR, Bowman DT, Morrison DE. 2003. Effects of rate and time of application of poultry litter on Hoplolaimus Columbus on cotton. Plant Dis. 87, 1244-1249.

Mohotti KM, Bridge J, Gawen S. 1995. Role of organic farming in managing population of plant parasitic nematodes and enhancing population densities of their bio-control agent. Procceding of Seminar on Pest Control in the Next Millennium Held in Columbo, Sri Lanka, 101-102.

Olabiyi TI, Olayiwolai AO, Oyediran GO. 2009. Influence of soil textures on distribution of phytonematodes in the south western Nigeria.World journal of Agricultural Science 5, 557-560.

Robinson E. 2005. Soil type guides VR nematodes applications. Farm Press, 1-2 P.

Seraji A. 2007. Biology and population dynamics of tea root elison nematode, Pratylenchus loosi, in Iran and the possibility its loss assessment on the host using epidemological models. Ph. D Thesis, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran, 208 p.

Seraji A, Pourjam E, Safaie N, Maafi ZT. 2010. Effect of tea root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus loosi) on tea quality in Iran. The 4th International Conference on O – CHA (Tea) Culture and Science, 26 –28 October, Shizuoka, Japan.

Sundararaju P, Jeyabaskaran KJ. 2003. Evaluation of different soil types on multiplication of Pratylenchus coffeae and growth of banana seedlings var, Nendran. Nematologia Mediterranea 31, 151-153.

Thoden TC, Korthals GW, Visser J, van Gastel-Topper W. 2012. A field study on the host status of different crops for Meloidogyne minor and its damage potential on potatoes. Nematology 14, 277-284.

Thompson JP, Clewett TG, Sheedy JG, Reen RA, O’reilly MM, Bell KL. 2010. Occurrence of root-lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus thornei and P. neglectus) and stunt nematode (Merlinius brevidens) in the northern grain region of Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology 39, 254–264.

Walkley A, Black IA. 1934. An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37, 29-37.

Walker GE. 2004. Effects of Meloidogyne javanica and organic amendments, inorganic fertilisers and nematicides on carrot growth and nematode abundance. Nematologia Mediterranea 32, 181-188.

Wallace HR. 1973. Nematode Ecology and Plant Disease. Edward Arnold, London.

Wang KH, McSorely R, Gallaher RN. 2004. Effect of Crotalaria juncea amendment on squash infected with Meloidogyne incognita. J. Nematol 36, 290-296.

Willson KC. 1999. Coffee, Cocoa and Tea. CABI publishing, 300 p.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background