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The efficacy of compost, vermicompost and their combination with antagonistic microbes to reduce potato cyst nematode (Globodera rostochiensis)

Noor Istifadah, Maulani Nurfitri, Toto Sunarto

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Int. J. Biosci.14(2), 233-241, February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.2.233-241


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Potato cyst nematode, (Globodera rostochiensis) is one of limiting factors in potato production. Concerning the negative impacts of nematicide application, the environmentally-friendly methods for controlling the nematodes such as organic amendments have been developed. However, the efficacy of organic amendments is often inconsistent. The addition of antagonistic microbes into the organic materials can improve their control effects. The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy of cow manures compost and/or vermicompost with or without addition of antagonistic microbes to suppress G. rostochiensis.  The experiment was arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design with 11 treatments and three replications. The treatments tested were compost or vermicompost and their combination with or without addition of the microbes, sterile compost and/or vermicompost mixed with the microbes, the check and nematicide treatment. The microbes used were Paecilomyces sp. and Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligense. The results showed that application of compost solely reduced the numbers of second-stage juveniles, cysts and the females of G. rostochiensis by 96.2%, 81.0% and 70.2% respectively. Paecilomyces sp. and P. pseudoalcaligense mixed with sterile compost and/or vermicompost also effectively suppressed G. rostochiensis by 80.8-99.1%. Vermicompost was effective in reducing the numbers of the nematode second-stage juveniles, but it was ineffective in suppressing the cysts and the females. The addition of antagonistic microbes or mixing vermicompost and compost (1:1, v:v) improved the efficacy of vermicompost in suppressing the numbers of G. rostochiensis cysts. Based on the overall results, cow manure compost can be recommended as ecofriendly measures for controlling G. rostochiensis.


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The efficacy of compost, vermicompost and their combination with antagonistic microbes to reduce potato cyst nematode (Globodera rostochiensis)

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