The habitat and estimation population of mamoa bird (Eulipoa Wallacei) in Galela-Halmahera

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2015
Views (346) Download (28)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

The habitat and estimation population of mamoa bird (Eulipoa Wallacei) in Galela-Halmahera

Nur Sjafani, L. Hakim, V.M.A. Nurgiartiningsih, S. Suyadi
J. Bio. Env. Sci.7( 2), 1-9, August 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Mamoa birds (Eulipoa wallacei) is one of endemic bird species in Wallacea. Currently, egg-laying habitat and population of Mamoa was declined by degradation, fragmentation, and eggs harvesting. The aim of the research was to analyze the habitat and estimate the population of Mamoa in Galela North Halmahera. The method used were the combination of transect line and nest count and line plot method. Result from analysis of nesting ground vegetation of the Mamoa for seedling level in Denamabobane beach, the highest Important Value Index (IVI = 25.03 %) is dominated by Ipomoea pescaprae plant. Stake level the highest Important Value Index (IVI = 14.34 %) is dominated by Marsiela crenata at Uwo Uwo beach. Pole level is dominated by Rhizophora sp (IVI = 16.20 %), in Uwo Uwo beacs. In tree level, IVI is dominated by Terminalia cattapa (IVI = 14.13) in Uwo Uwo beach. Diversity and evennes indices in seedling level in Uwo Uwo beach had highest H’ = 2.02 and E = 0.67. Tiabo beach at tree level, H’ = 1.62 and E = 0,57. Denamabobane beach stake level, H’ = 2.00 and E = 0.71. The population of Mamoa in Galela North Halmahera in 2011 is 5505.09 ± 4.26 and in 2012 is 5000.60 ± 5.90.

VIEWS 42

Alikodra HS. 2000. Wildlife Management. Vol. 1. Forestry Faculty Publisher Foundation IPB Bogor.

Argelo M, Dekker RWRJ. 1994. Exploitation of megapodes eggs in Indonesia : The role of traditional methods in the conservation of megapodes. Oxy 30(1), 59 – 64.

Bailey JA. 1984. Principles of Wildlife Management. John Wiley and Sons. Chichester.

Benstead P, Bird J, Davidson P, Keane ATJ. 2012. Eulipoa wallacei. In: IUCN 2014. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. BirdLife International. Downloaded from www.iucnredlist.org.

Birks SM. 1999. Unusual timing of copulations in the Australian Brush-turkey. Auk 116, 169-177.

Caughley G, Sinclair. 1994. Wildlife Ecology and Management. Blackwell Science. Cambridge.

Coates BJ, Bishop KD. 2000. Observations Field Guide Birds Wallace Region. Sulawesi, Moluccas and Nusa Tenggara. BirdLife Internasional – Bogor, Indonesia.

Dekker RWRJ, Argelo M, Jepson P. 1995. Notes on the Moluccan Megapoda Eulipoa wallacei (Gray GR,  1860)  following  the  rediscovery  of  two  major nesting  ground. Zoologische Mededelingen  Leiden 69, 251-260. http://natuurhistorish.nl//fileadmin/user.upload.

Dekker RWRJ. 2007. Distribution and speciation og megapodes (megapodidae) and subsequent development of their breeding. In Biogeography, Time and Place : Distribution, Barries, and Islands, W. Renema (ed) : 93 – 102.

Desmukh I. 1992. Ecology and Tropical Biology. ITB Bandung.

Gilliant B. 1998. Bird of The Spice Island Molucan Megapoda Conservation Project University of Sussex.

Gorog AJB, Pamunkas, Lee RJ. 2005. Nesting Ground abandoment by the Maleo (Macrochephalon maleo) in North Sulawesi : Identiffiying Conservation Priorities for Indonesia’s Endemic Megapode. Biological Conservation Journal. Vol. 126(4), 548 – 555.

Goth A, Jones DN. 2003. Ontogeny of social behavior in the megapode Alectura lathami (Australian Brush-turkey). Journal for Comparative Psychology 117, 36–43.

Goth A, Vogel U. 2002. Chick survival in the megapode Alectura lathami (Australian brush-turkey); Wildlife Research 29(5), 503 – 511.

Goth A, Vogel U. 2003. Juvenile dispersal and habitat selectivity in the megapode Alectura lathami (Australian brush-turkey). Wildlife Research 30(1), 69 – 74.

Goth A. 2002. Behaviour of Australian Brush-turkey (Alectura lathami, Galliformes: Megapodiidae) hatchlings following underground hatching. Journal für Ornithologie 143, 477–488.

Gunawan H. 2000. Maleo Bird Strategy (Macrochephalon maleo. Muller 1846) on Breeding Habitat Selection in Sulawesi. Thesis. Post Graduate Program. Ecology and Tropical Biology Ecology and Tropical Biology Bogor.

Heij CJ, Rompas CFE. 1997. Ecology of megapoda (Mamoa, Eulipoa wallacei) in Haruku island and some island in Moluccas, Indonesia. Rotterdam /Ambon.

Hoyo JA, Elliot, Sargatal J. 1994. Handbook of the birds of the world. Vol. 2. New World vultures to guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

IUCN. 2002. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Macrocephalo maleo. http://www.iucnredlist.org.

Jones DN, Dekker RWRJ, Roselaar CS. 1995. Bird Families of The World. The Megapodes. Oxford University Press.

Ludwig JA, Reynold JF. 1988. Statistical Ecologi A Primer on Methode and Computing. USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Noerdjito M, Maryanto I. 2001. Types of wildlife protected by law in Indonesia. Zoology Research Center. Biologi Research Organization. Cibinong.

Odum EP. 1994. Undamental of Ecology, Third Edition. Samingan T (Terj.) Gajah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Shannaz JP, Rudiyanto. 1995. Endangered birds in Indonesia. Birdlife Indonesia. Jakarta.

Sivakumar K. 2007. The Nicobar Megapode : Status, ecology and conservation : Aftermath tsunami Dehradun, Unpublished report, Wildlife Institut of India.

Sjafani N. 2006. Studies on breeding of Mamoa bird embryos (Eulipoa wallacei) in North Halmahera Galela District. Thesis. Post Graduate Program. IPB. Bogor.

Slamet Y. 2006. Methods of Social Research. UNS Press. Surakarta.

Soegianto A. 1994. Quantitative Ecology. National Business Publisher. Surabaya.

Soerianegara I, Indrawan I. 2005. Indonesian Forest Ecology. Forest Ecology Lab. Forestry Faculty IPB. Bogor.

Stinton DW, Glas PO. 1992. The Micronesian megapode Megapodius laperouse : Conservation and Research needs. Zoologische Verhandelingen 278, 5355.

Sudarisman. 2002.  Nature  and  Forest  Living  in Peat Swamp Forest of the Former High Fells (A Case Study  in  PKBH  Spines.  The  Regency  of  Bengkalis Riau). Thesis. A Graduate of IPB. Bogor.

Sujatnika, Jepson P, Soerhartono TR, Crocby MJ, Mardiastuti A. 1995. Preserving Biodiversity in Indonesia:  Endemic  Regional  Approach.  BirdLife Internasional Indonesia Program. Bogor.