J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(2), 1-9, August 2015
Mamoa birds (Eulipoa wallacei) is one of endemic bird species in Wallacea. Currently, egg-laying habitat and population of Mamoa was declined by degradation, fragmentation, and eggs harvesting. The aim of the research was to analyze the habitat and estimate the population of Mamoa in Galela North Halmahera. The method used were the combination of transect line and nest count and line plot method. Result from analysis of nesting ground vegetation of the Mamoa for seedling level in Denamabobane beach, the highest Important Value Index (IVI = 25.03 %) is dominated by Ipomoea pescaprae plant. Stake level the highest Important Value Index (IVI = 14.34 %) is dominated by Marsiela crenata at Uwo Uwo beach. Pole level is dominated by Rhizophora sp (IVI = 16.20 %), in Uwo Uwo beacs. In tree level, IVI is dominated by Terminalia cattapa (IVI = 14.13) in Uwo Uwo beach. Diversity and evennes indices in seedling level in Uwo Uwo beach had highest H’ = 2.02 and E = 0.67. Tiabo beach at tree level, H’ = 1.62 and E = 0,57. Denamabobane beach stake level, H’ = 2.00 and E = 0.71. The population of Mamoa in Galela North Halmahera in 2011 is 5505.09 ± 4.26 and in 2012 is 5000.60 ± 5.90.
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