The impact of change in irrigation regime on canola (Carthamus tinctoriusb L.) in Kashan region

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2013
Views (318) Download (4)

The impact of change in irrigation regime on canola (Carthamus tinctoriusb L.) in Kashan region

A. A. Mosallayi, M. Sharifmogaddasi, Zahra Fakharian Kashani, S. J. Vajedi
Int. J. Biosci.3( 6), 198-203, June 2013.
Certificate: IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]


Canola (Carthamus tinctoriusb L.) is a plant with long day, deep and expanded root. This plant tolerates drought stress. It is less resistant than barely. In order to investigate the different irrigation regimes of 5,10, 15 and 20 days and effect of drought stress on yield of three canola cultivars of spring Isfahan native, Isfahan and IL 111 an experiment was conducted as split plot design by four duplications in Kashan agriculture research field. The results show that increase in moisture level absorbed by plant and drought stress reduce the traits like grain per plant yield, number of fertile head per plant, number of grain per plant in head and number of infertile head. Ten days irrigation period had positive effect on the traits and increased yield %21.5. Since Isfahan cultivar 14 has more infertile head per plant and grain yield per plant it can be expected that grain yield of this cultivar is high relative to two other cultivars and this difference can be considered due to genetic potential and environmental compatibility.


Abdolhassani K, Saeidi G. 2007. Investigation of drought stress in canola lines based on resistance and drought stress sensitivity. Agricultural sciences and techniques and natural resources (3)10, 407-418.

Ashrafi E, KH Razmjoo. 2010. Effect of irrigation regimes on oil content and composition of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) cultivars. The Journal of American Oil Chemists Society 87, 499-506.

Bao A, Wang S, Wu G, Xi J Zhang, Wang C. 2009.Overexpression of the Arabidopsis H+-P Phase enhanced resistance to salt and drought stress in transgenic alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), Plant Science 176, 232-240.

Behdani MA, Jami Al-Ahmadi M. 2010. Response of spring safflower cultivars to different interval of irrigation. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research 8, 315-323.

Farast M, Sajedi N, MirzaLKhani M. 2012. Investigation of drought stress on yield and yield components of spring canola, Iran agricultural researches 10, 346-352.

Farid NP, Ehsanzadeh. 2006.Yield and yield components of canola genotypes and its response to shadow on an adjacent leaves under spring planting in Isfahan. Agricultural sciences and techniques and natural resources 10, 197-198.

Ganjali A, Bageri A, Parsa H. 2009. Evaluation of Cicer arietinum L. in drought resistance. Iran agricultural researches 7, 183-194.

Heydaryzadeh P, Khajehpour MR. 2008. The response of safflower genotypes, local variety Kouseh to planting date. Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natura resources. Water and Soil Science 4, 69-80.

Kaffi M, rostami M. 2008. Yield characteristics and oil content of three safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) cultivar under drought in reproductive stage and irrigation with salin water. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research 5, 121-131.

Katerji N,Mastroilli M, Hoornc, Lahmerd JW, Hamdyd FZ, Oweise T. 2009. Durum wheat and barley productivity in saline-drought environments. Europe Journal Agronomy 31, 1-9.

Khajvinejad G, Kazemi R, Aliyari HA, Javanshir H, Arvin M. 2004.The effect of different irrigation regimes and bush density on growth parameters, yield and yield components in three cultivars of soy bean as second planting. Agricultural sciences 14, 57-70.

Miladi Lari A, ehsanzadeh P. 2010.The negative effect of dreought stress on canola yield by reduction of photosynthesis area and photosynthesis quantum efficiency, Agricultural plants 2, 375-384.

Mohammadi S, Kazemi A, amidi A. 2012.The effect of low irrigation in different growth stages on yield and yield components of two canola cultivars. production of agricultural and horticultural products 5, 71-82.

Mousavi Far A, Behdani MA, Jami Al-ahmadi MJ, Hosseini Bajd M. 2010. The effect of deficite irrigation on growth and yield of spring safflower genotypes in Birgand. Journal of agroecology 2, 3-14.

Pasban Eslam B. 2011. Evaluation of physiological indices for improving water deficit tolerance in spring safflower. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 13, 327-338.

Poordad S, Alizadeh Kh, Azizinejad R, Eskandari M, Khyavi M, Nabati A. 2008. Investigation of spring canola drought resistance in different regions, Agriculture techniques and sciences and natural resources 45, 403-415.

Puangbut D, Jogloy S, Vorasoot N, Akkasaeng C, Kesmala T, Rachaputi RCN, Wright GC, Patanothai A. 2009, Association of root dry weight and transpiration efficiency of peanut genotypes under early season drought, Agricultural Water Management 96, 1460-1466.

Shams K, Pazaki A, Kobraei RV. 2008. Investigation of the effect of planting date and density on yield and yield components of fall canola under Kermanshah conditions, Iran agriculture and correction center 4, 23-35.

Yau SK. 2005. Yield increase of barley following in a cool, semi-arid Mediterranean area. In: Proceeding of 6th Imternational Safflower conference. June 6-10, Istanbul, Turkey.