The integrated pest management farmer field school and its impact on arthropods diversity of rice fields

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2016
Views (192) Download (11)

The integrated pest management farmer field school and its impact on arthropods diversity of rice fields

Samharinto Soedijo, Abdul Latief Abadi, Bambang Tri Rahardjo, Hakimah Halim
J. Bio. Env. Sci.9( 4), 187-197, October 2016.
Certificate: JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]


The purpose of theresearch on the impact of the Integrated Pest Management Farmer Field School (IPM-FFS) on arthropod diversity of rice fields in the South Kalimantan Province was to assess changes in arthropodbiodiversity due to differences in cultivation technique to grow ricemade by IPM-FFS and nonIPM-FFS alumni. The methods used in this research consisted of interviewthe IPM-FFS and the non IPM-FFS alumni using purposive sampling technique and collectingarthropodsfrom rice fields owned by FFS alumni and non-alumniin two locations: GuntungPayung and Sungai Rangas. Arthropods were collected using four different typesof trap (sweep net, yellow trap, pitfall trap and light trap)every week since one month of riceplanting until to harvest time or four months of rice planting. The interview results were analysed to determine differences in the rate of the IPM knowledge adoption between the IPM-FFS and nonIPM-FFS alumni. Data of quantity of collected arthropods were then calculated to determine the Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H’). Results of the research showed that the adoption rate of the IPM conceptswere higher for the FFS alumni with scores ranging between 81.00% and 86.51% compared to the non FFS alumni that had scores ranging between 53.56% and 55.10%. The results also revealed that the diversity index of arthropodsvariedbetween the locations, the diversity index was similar for the IPM and the non-IPM rice fields, namely 2.530 and 2.666 in the GuntungPayung; and 2,760 for IPM rice fieldand 2.527 for non-IPM rice field in the Sungai Rangas.


Arifin M, Suryawan IBG, Priyanto BH, AAlwi. 1997.  Arthropods diversity in various rice cultivation techniques in Pemalang, Jawa Tengah.  Agriculture Research Agricultural Research dan Development Center (Penelitian Pertanian Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian)15(2), 5-12.

Barrion AT, Litsinger JA. 1995. Riceland Spiders of South and Southeast Asia.Entomology Division IRRI. Manila Philippines. CAB International in Association with the International Rice Research Institute. 700 p.

Boo HL. 2002. Economic Impact of IPM. The paper was presented in International Rice Congress 2002. UNDP Developing and Promoting Support System and International Cooperation on Environment-friendly Agriculture Programme Rural Development Administration 250 Seodundong, Suwon 441-707 Republic of Korea.

Bolton B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. Harvard University Press.Cambridge, Massachusetts, London England.222 p.

Christa, Deeleman R. 2001. Forest Spiders of South East Asia with a Revision of the Sac and Ground Spiders (Araneae: Clubionidae, Corinnidae, Liocranidae, Gnaphosidae, Prodidomidae and Trochanterriiaae). Brill Leiden, Boston, Koln. 591 p.

Directorate of Food Crop Protection. 2007.  Hand Book of Instructor of IPM-FFS Book 2. Special Topic. Directorate General of Food Crop Department of Agriculture. Jakarta. 15-32 p.

Feder G, Murgai R, Quizon JB. 2003.   Sending Farmers Back to School: The Impact of Farmer Field Schools in Indonesia. Are. berkley. edu/courses/envres_seminar/s2003/FFSImpact.doc. Accessed 19 January2011.

Gauld ID.  1984.   An Introduction to Ichneumonidae of Australia. British Museum (Natural History) Cromwelld Road London SW 75BD. Publication No. 895.419 p.

Goulet G, Huber JT. 1993.   Hymenoptera of the World. Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research Ottawa Ontario. Research Branch Agricultural Canada. Publication 1894 LF.668 p.

Irham. 2002. PM Technology and Its Incentives to  Rice Farmers in Yogyakarta Province.Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 8(2), 100 – 106.

Karlina H. 2008. The Impact ofthe Implementation of the Integrated Pest Management Farmer Field School (IPM-FFS) to the Changesof Behaviourand Income of Rice Farming Farmers in West Java Province. Integrated Pest Management of Farmer Field School (IPM-FFS) in West Java. West Java Provincial Agriculture.

Laba IW. 2001. Arthropods Biodiversity and Roles of Main Rice Pests Natural Enemies in Rice Ecosystems. Philosophy of science Papers (PPs 702) Graduates program / S3.Bogor Agricultural Institute. w laba.htm.Accessed20 Juni 2010.

Lubis Y. 2008. Analysis of Integrated Pest Management Program at Rice Crop in Creating Environmental Development in Deli Serdang. Tesis.PSDAL USU. Medan.

Lund T, Saethre MG, Nyborg I, Coulibaly O, Rahman MH. 2010.   Farmer Field School-IPM Impacts on Urban and Peri-urban vegetable producers in Cotonou, Benin. International Journal TropicalScience 30(1), 19-31.

Mahrub E. 1999. Study of Arthropods Diversity on FarmlandWithout Pesticides and Their Benefits in Integrated Pest Management.  Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 5(1), 35-41.

McClelland S. 2002. Indonesia’s Integrated Pest Management in Rice: Successful Integration of Policy and Education. News and Information.Environmental Practice 4(4), 191-195.

Oka INY. 1995.   Integrated Pest Management and Its Implementation in Indonesia. GadjahMada University Press.Yogyakarta.255 p.

Oosterbroek P. 1998. The Families of Diptera of  Malay Archipelago.FaunaMaleysiana Handbook 1. Brill Leiden, Boston, Koln. 217 p.

Palis. 2006.   The Role of Culture in Farmer Learning and Technology Adoption:     A Case Study of Farmer Field Schools among Rice Farmers in Central Luzon, Philippines. Agriculture and Human Value 23, 491-500.

Price LL. 2001.   Demystifying Farmers, Entomological and Pest Management Knowledge: A Methodology for Assessing the Impacts on Knowledge from IPM-FFS and NES Intervention. Agriculture and Human Value 18, 153-176.

Price LL, Gurung AB. 2006. Describing and Measuring Ethno-Entomological Knowledge of Rice Pests: Tradition and Change among Asian Rice Farmers. Environment, Development and Sustainability 8, 507-517.

Rahayu S, Setiawan A, Husaenidan EA, Suyanto S. 2006. Biological Pest management of Xylosandruscompactus on Multi Strata Coffee Agroforestry Case Study in Sumberjaya District, Lampung Barat. Agrivita 28(3), 286-297.

Reissig WH, Heinrichs EA, Litsinger JA, Moody K, Fiedler L, Mew TW, Barrion AT. 1986.   Illustrated Guide to Integrated Pest Management in Rice in Tropical Asia. International Rice Research Institute Los BanosLaguna Philippines. Manila. 411 p.

Sembel DT. 2010. Biological Control of Tropical Insect Pest and Weed. Andi Yogyakarta. 281 p.

Siegel S. 1988.   Statistic ofNonparametric for Social Sciences. PT. Gramedia. Jakarta. 218-219.

Soedijo S. 2014.   Application of intergrated pest management by alumni the Farmer Field School – Integrated Pest Management for Rice in the Kalimantan Selatan Province: Case study in the DesaPasarKamis. National Seminar Proceeding on Organic Farming. Yogyakarta, 28-29 August. Faculty of Agriculture, GadjahMada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 429-437.

Supriatna A. 2003.Integrated Pest Management and Its Implementation by Rice Farmer in Java. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian 22(3), 109-114.

Swift MJ, Anderson JM. 1993. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function in Agricultural Systems. In Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function. E. D.  Scholze and H. Mooney, eds. Springer, Berlin. Germany. p.15-22.

Tarmizi. 2008. Habitat Management on One Cycle of Rice Based Cropping pattern for Spodopteraexigua Hubn. Pest Controling the OnionEcosystem.Dissertation.Graduate Program Brawijaya University of Malang.109 p.

Untung K. 1992.  The concept and integrated pest management strategies. IPM Symposium Papers.PEI Bandung Branch.Sukamandi, 3-4 September 1992. p. 17.

Untung K. 2006. Introduction to Integrated Pest Management. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Yaherwandi, Syam U. 2007.Diversity and Reproductive Biology of Brown Planthopper Parasitoid Eggs NilaparvatalugensStal. (Homoptera: Delphacidae) on Different Agricultural Landscape Structures. Jurnal Akta Agrosia 10(1), 76-86.

Zar JH. 1984.   Biostastical Analysis. Second Edition. Prentice Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. 146-148 p.