The interactive effects humic acid application and several of nitrogen fertilizer on remobilization star wheat

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2013
Views (2344) Download (4)

The interactive effects humic acid application and several of nitrogen fertilizer on remobilization star wheat

S. H. Atarzadeh, M. Mojaddam, T. Saki Nejad
Int. J. Biosci.3( 8), 116-123, August 2013.
Certificate: IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]


In order to study the effect of the application of Humic acid and different levels of nitrogen on remobilization, production, and yield of star wheat a field experiment was carried out in the region of Viss in the form of split plot and randomized complete block design with four replications in crop year of 2011-2012. Main plots included various levels of nitrogen fertilizer (N0=50, N1=100, and N3=150 kgNha-1) and subplots included the application of Humic acid (H0= lack of Humic acid, H1=foliar spraying at stem elongation stage, H2=foliar spraying at reproductive stage).Results indicated that the effect of nitrogen and Humic acid on leaf area index, grain yield, rate of remobilization, share of remobilization, rate of photosynthesis and share of photosynthesis was significant. The highest amounts of leaf area index, grain yield, remobilization rate, current photosynthesis rate and share were obtained in treatment of 150 kgNha-1. The highest leaf area index, grain yield, remobilization rate, current photosynthesis rate and share were obtained at foliar spraying at reproductive stage. In examining the interactive effect of nitrogen and humic acid on leaf area index, remobilization rate, remobilization rate and share, the difference was significant. Also, at level of 150kgNha-1 the difference was significant for grain yield and current photosynthesis share at foliar spraying at reproductive stage but the difference was not significant at level of 100 kgNha-1 at foliar spraying at stem elongation stage. Therefore, for economical benefits, the application of 100 kgNha-1 along with humic acid foliar spraying at stem elongation stem is recommended.


Bidinger F, Musgrave RB, Fischer RA. 1977. Contribution of stored pre-anthesis assimilates to grain yield in wheat and barley. Nature 270, 431-433.

Bohrani A, Rahmasebi Sarvestani Z. 2006. The effect of time and rate of nitrogen consumption on yield, yield components, and efficiency of dry matter remobilization in two kinds of winter wheat. Agronomy Journal 2, 367-369.

Dalling MJ, Boland G, Wilson JH.1976. Relation between acid proteinase activity and redistribution of nitrogen during grain development in wheat. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 3, 721-730.

Delogu G, Cattivelli L, Pecchioni N, DeFalcis D, Maggiore T, Stanca AM. 1998.  Uptake  and agronomic efficiency of nitrogen in winter barley and winter wheat. European Journal of Agronomy 9, 11-20.

Ellen J, Spiertz JH. 1980. Effects of rate and timing of N dressing on grain yield formation of winter wheat. Fert. Research 1, 177-195.

Fowler BD, Brydon J. 2001. No-till winter wheat production on the Canadian prairies. Agronomy. Journal 81, 817-825.

Ghasemi Pirbalooti A. 2002. The effect of various nitrogen fertilizer levels on the sample of dry matter in corn.

Giovanni G, Silvano P, Giovanni D. 2004. Grain yield, nitrogen-use efficiency and baking quality of old and modern Italian bredd-wheat cultivars grown at different nitrogen levels. Eur. Journal. Agronomy 34, 321-332.

Haghighi S, Saki Nejad T, LacK Sh. 2011. Evaluation of changes the qualitative & quantitative yield of horse bean (Vicia FabaL) plants in the levels of humic acid fertilizer. Life Science Journal 8(3).

Hai SM. 1998. The lignitic coal derived HA and the prospective utilization in Pakistan agriculture and industry. Science. Technol 17, 32–40.

Hossain S, Srars RG, Cox TS, Paulsen GM. 1990. Desiccation tolerance and its relationship to assimilate partitioning in winter wheat. Crop Science 30, 622-627. 000030030x

Liu C, Cooper RJ. 2000. Humic substances influence creeping bent grass growth. Golf Course Management, P. 49-53.

Mainard SD, Jeuffroy MH. 2001. Partitioning of dry matter and N to the spike throughout the spike growth period in wheat crops subjected to N deficiency. Field Crops Research 70, 153-165.

Malakouti MJ, Homaee M. 2004. Fertility of the soil of arid and semi-arid areas. Second edition, Tarbiat Modares Unibersity Publication, Tehran.

Malik KA, Bhattin A, Kauser F. 1979. Effect of soil salinity on the decomposition and humic fiction of organic matter by cellulolytic fungi. Mycological 719, 811-820.

Michael K. 8225.  Oxidized  lignite’s  and  extracts from oxidized lignite’s in agriculture. Soil. Science, p. 1-23.

Mooleki SP, Schoenau JJ, Chales L, Wen G. 2004. Effect of rat, frequency and incorporation of feedlot  cattle  manure  on  soil  nitrogen  availability, crop performance and nitrogen use efficiency in east central Saskatchewan. Can. Journal. Soil Science 84, 199-210.

Naderi A. 2000. Evaluating genetic variety and modeling the potential of assimilate remobilization and nitrogen to seeds in wheat genotypes at drought stress conditions, Doctorate thesis, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University.

Nardi S, Pizzeghello D, Muscolo A, Vianello A. 2002. Physiological effects of humic substances on higher  plants.  Soil  Biology  and  Biochemistry 34, 1527–1536.

Pirdashti HA. 1999. The study of dry matter remobilization and nitrogen and determining the growth indices of different kinds of rice at different sowing dates. Master thesis of agriculture, Faculty of Agronomy, Tarbiat Modares University, p. 58.

Sabzevari S. 8229. The effect of humic acid spraying on growth traits, grain yield and yield components of Pishtaz Wheat (Tritium aestirum. L), Agronomy of agricultural Ecology. Volume1. Number2, winter 2009, p. 53-63.

Samavat S,Malakouti M. 2005. The necessity of organic acid consumption (Humic and Folic) for quantitative and qualitative increase of agricultural products.

Sebahattin A, Necdet C. 2005. Effects of different levels and application times of humic acid on root and leaf yield and yield components of forage Turnip (Brassica Rapa L.). Agronomy. Journal 4, 130-133.

Sofield I, Evans LT, Cook MG, Wardlaw IF. 1971.  Factors  influencing  the  rate  and  duration  of grain filling in wheat. Aust. Journal. Of Plant Physiology 4, 785-797.

Yoshida S, Parao FT. 1976. Climatic in fluence of yield and yield components of lowland rice in the tropics, climate and rice. International Rice Research Institute, 473-494.

Zakernejad Y. 2006. The effects of different levels of micronutrients and nitrogen fertilizer on qualitative and quantitative yield of Durom Wheat, Master thesis of agriculture, Faculty of Agronomy, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz.