The modification of organic fertilizer and planting technique of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) response to arthropod diversity

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Research Paper 01/08/2019
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The modification of organic fertilizer and planting technique of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) response to arthropod diversity

Ilhamiyah Ilhamiyah, Salamiah, Samharinto, Hakimah Halim
Int. J. Biosci.15( 2), 429-438, August 2019.
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Based on the results of the 2015 author’s survey, it was found that farmers to control pest attacks in mustard production centers in the Landasan Ulin Utara Subdistrict, Banjarbaru City always use synthetic chemical pesticides with frequency of use, average dosage, and high average concentrations ranging. This can result in the death of natural enemies of these pests and a decrease in the population of natural enemies as natural control of pests in the field; the occurrence of pest resistance to these pesticides; the occurrence of pest resurgence and the emergence of residues that have a negative impact on the environment, so it is necessary to do agroecosystem management by providing organic fertilizer, how to plant and use of B. thuringiensis. This study aims to study the interaction and combination of organic fertilizer, intercroping plants and using of B.thuringiensis on mustard planting to the diversity of arthropods. The research method used was a factorial design of a split plot design with three replications consisting of 3 factors, namely organic fertilizer (chicken manure and water hyacinth compost);  intercroping plants (leeks and basil), and B. thuringiensis..   The conclusions from the results of this study are no interaction between organic fertilizer, intercroping plants and B. Thuringiensis on arthropod diversity. The mustard plantations have high arthropod diversity which indicated by diversity index number about 3.357, 3.307 and 3.291 on intercropping treatment between mustard with basil, chicken manure and water hyacinth compost without being applied B.thuringiensis, respectively.


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