The relationship between locus of control with methods of coping with stress in young male athletes of team sports

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2014
Views (161) Download (3)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

The relationship between locus of control with methods of coping with stress in young male athletes of team sports

Khatereh Heidari, Pouneh Mokhtari, Samira Mashhoodi
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 6), 160-167, December 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between locus of control with methods of coping with stress in young male athletes of team sports in Karaj. In this study, 120 athletes of team sports were selected through stratified non-random sampling method. This study is conducted through correlation and regression research methodology. Data were collected by Lonson questionnaire of locus of control (1981), and Endler & Parker coping with stress methods (1990), then, the normality of data was revealed using Kolomogorov- Smirnov test. Because of the lack variance homogeneity and nonparametric statistics, Kendall’s correlation coefficient and multiple regressions were used. Test results showed that athletes of team sports with internal locus of control have used three coping methods, but they were more inclined toward emotion-focused coping method, and 22.3% were inclined toward emotion-focused coping method because of internal locus of control. Also, the athletes of team sports with external locus of control-tendency toward chance were avoidance-oriented, and 15.7% inclined toward avoidance due to the presence of external locus of control-tendency toward chance. However, athletes of team sports with external locus of control-tendency toward powerful people, used each three methods of coping, but they were more inclined toward problem-focused coping method, and 20.9% were inclined toward problem-focused coping method through external locus of control-tendency toward powerful people.

VIEWS 3

Anderson CR. 1977. Locus of control, coping behaviors  and  performance in  a  stress  setting:  a longitudinal study. Journal of Applied psychology 62, 466-451. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.62.4.446

Anderson CR. 1977. Locus of control, coping behaviors and performance in a stress setting: a longitudinal study. Journal of Applied psychology 62, 466-451.

Anshel M, Toto A. 2006. Relationship between sources of acute stress and athlete coping style in competitive sport as function of jender. Journal of Psyhology of sport and exercise 4(2), 170-186.

Anshel M. 2001. A model for coping with stressful events in sport: Theory application and future direction. Jinternationnal Journal of Sport Psychology 32(6), 43-75.

Ariapouran S, Abolghasemi A. 2006, Relationship between coping strategies, goal orientation and competitive anxiety sports performance student athletes in individual. Olympics 13(4), 141-155.

Ganji H. 2012, Psychological health. Tehran: Arasbaran Publication.

Gold B. 1990. Occupationinal stress and coping syrategies among femal baccalaureate nursing faculty. Lournal of Advanced nursing 15(5), 531-543.

Hahn SE. 2000. The effects of locus of control on daily exposure. Coping and reactivity to work interpersonal strssors: A diary study. Journal of personality and Individual Differences 29, 729-748.

Karimi Y, 2003, personal psychology. Tehran: Virayesh Publications.

Khosravi Z, Aghajani M. 2005, The relationship between mental health, locus of control and coping style of female students in the first year of middle school in Tehran. Psychological Studies 3(4). 20-54.

Malilka E, Patrick G, Thierry M. 2005. Factor structure of the coping inventory for competitive sport with a sample of participants at the 2001 New York marathon. Journal of Psychology of Sport and exercise 6(3), 271-288.

Mas’ood-Nia I. 2008, Comparing students with different levels of self-esteem and coping style. Journal of educational science and psychology 1, 81-98.

Ramezani-Nejad R, Beshart M, Balighi R. 2009, Study of stress in athletes. Research in Sports science 24, 89-102.

Ramezani-Nejad R, Hemati-Nejad M, Saiad M. 2010, Relationship between personality types A and B, and ways to deal with stress in athletes research in sports science 5, 11-28.

Ramezani-Nejad R, Panahi M, Reihani M. 2011, Comparison of methods for coping with individual athletes in national teams. Olympic Journal 3, 155-169.

Rasti M. 2009, stress-obsession-fear. Tehran: Pourang Publications.

Richard C. 2006. Batting on a strategies for professional cricket batsmen. Journal of Sport Psychology 36(2), 43-75.

Sarafino A. 1999, Health psychology. Tehran:Roshd.

Yoo J. 2000. Factorial validity of the coping scale for Korean athletes, Journal of sport psychology 31, 391-404.