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The review of ecological features effects (soil and height) on the essential oil chemical compounds of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. medicinal plant in Fars Province, Iran

Damoun Razmjoue, Zahra Zarei

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.6(6), 391-406, June 2015

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Abstract

Ziziphora is one genus of Lamiaceae family that includes annual and perennial plants. Considering the habitat features and position of the plant are in the nature is as a main factors that can affect the amount of plants essential oil. Hence in this paper, the effects of edifice and height factors on Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. essential oil in Fars province have reviewed. To section aerial parts, the plant was collected in the flowering stage in 3 regions of Abadeh, Dasht Arzhan and Boul Mountain. The most important regions habitat conditions (annual rainfall average, average of temperature, the height from sea level and soil features) were recorded. Then the collected samples from each region were extracted in 3 times. The essential oils by GC and GC/MS machines were analyzed and finally the efficiency averages of essential oil were compared by Dankan test. The obtained results showed that the maximum percent of essential oil allocated to Boul Mountain region and the minimum of them allocated to Dash Arzhan and the compound of Pulegone ، p-Menth-3-en-8-ol and Menthone were as the main components of this plant. According to the habitat conditions of the studied specious plan, it grows in the height between 1900- 2500 m and in the soils with loamy – sandy texture and 1 to 1.4 EC and the pH between 7.5 to 8 in the studied regions. By calculating Pierson correlation coefficient, it was identified that among the different factors, just there is a correlation between height, pH and lime of soil. According to soil and height specifications of the habitat of this medicinal plant, it can be suggested as a corrective species in the same regions.

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The review of ecological features effects (soil and height) on the essential oil chemical compounds of Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. medicinal plant in Fars Province, Iran

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