The role of arbuscular mycorriza fungi (AMF) on water stress on soybean yield

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/01/2018
Views (515) Download (21)

The role of arbuscular mycorriza fungi (AMF) on water stress on soybean yield

Fitriana, Ashabul Anhar, Syafruddin
J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 1), 83-89, January 2018.
Certificate: JBES 2018 [Generate Certificate]


The study was to analyze the role of Arbuscular Mycorriza Fungi (AMF) on water stress on soybean yield (Glycine max L. Merril). The study was conducted in screen house Experimental farm and Biology Soil laboratory in Agriculture Faculty Syiah Kuala University, from June 21 until October 10, 2016. Randomized design was arranged with 3 replications and 2 factorial. Factor AMF is M0=without AMF and M1=40 g-1AMF. Factor water stress is I1 = watering every 1 day; I2= watering every 3 days; I3 = watering every 5 days; I4 = watering every 7 days; I5 =watering every 9 days; I6 = watering every 11 days; I7 = watering every 13 days; I8= watering every 15 days; I9 = watering every 17 days; I10= watering every 19 days. Parameter generative of soybean are, the total pods account, a number of pods packed; heavy of pods; dry weight of root; dry weight top plant; dry weight of beans and a number of beans. The result showed that the doces of AMF 40 g plant-1significantly influence generative soybean contrast to control (without AMF). Soybean can be adapted in watering every 5 days.


Arve LE, Torre S, Olsen JE, Tanino KK. 2011. Stomatal responses to drought stress and air humidity, abiotic stressin plants- mechanisms and adaptations, Arun Shanker and B. Venkateswarlu (Ed.),ISBN:978-953-307-394-1.

Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). 2015. Brundrett M. C., and L. K. Abbott (2002). Arbuscula mycorrhiza in plant communities in Plant Conservation and Biodiversity.

Bolandnazar SN, Aliasgarzad MR, Neishabury N. Chaparzadeh. 2007. Mycorrhizal colonization improves  onion  (Allium  cepa  L.)  yield and  water  use  efficiency  under  water  deficit condition. Scientia horticulturae. 114, 11-15.

Colla G, Rouphael Y, Di Mattia E, El-Nakhel EC, Cardarelli M. 2015.   Co-inoculation of Glomus intraradices  and  Trichoderma  atroviride  acts  as a biostimulant to promote growth, yield and nutrient uptake of vegetable crops. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 95, 1706-1715.

Carenho R, Botelho Trufem SF, Ramos Benoni VL, Silva ES. 2007. The effect of different soil properties on Arbuscular Mycorrhizal colonization of peauts, sorghum, and maize. Acta Bot Bras. 21(3), Sao Paulo.

Christopher RB, Tony JV, Boomsma CR, Vyn TJ. 2008. Maize drought tolerance: Potential improvements through Arbuscular Mycorrhizal symbiosis. Field Crops Research 108, 14–31.

Harwani, 2006. Biodiversity and efficiency of bradyrhizobial strain and Arbuscular Mycorryzal fungi of soybean cultivars grown in haroti region of Rajasthan, Ph. D thesis.

Jalaluddin M. 2005. Effect of inoculation with VAM fungi and Brady rhizobium on growth and yield of soybean in Sindh. Pak. J. bot. 37, 169-173.

Junfeng S, Guo MX, Lian JR, Xiaobin P, Guo WY, Ping CX. 2010. Gene expression profiles of response to water stress at the jointing stage in wheat. Agricultural Sciences in China 9(3), 323-330.

Komatshu, Z and Hossain, 2013. Organ specific proteome analysis for identification of biotic stress response mechanism in crop. Front. Plant Sci 4-71.

Ribas ML, Carbo, Taylor NL, Giles LV, Busquets S, Finnegan PM, Day DA. 2005. Effect of water stress on respiration in soybean leaves. Plant Physiol; 139, 466-73.

Schachman JQD, Goodger. 2008. Chemical root to shoot signaling under drougt, trends plant Sci. 13 281-287. Pubmed Soheil, K.2011.Soybean Production under water deficit conditions. Journal  Annals  of Biological Research. 2(2), 423-434.

Songachan LS, lyngdoh L, Hingland K. 2011. Colonization of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in moderately degraded subtropical forest stands of Meghalaya, Northeast India. Journal of Agricultural technology 7, 1673-1684.

Taiz L, Zeiger E. 2002. Plant Physiology. 3rd Ed. Sinauer Associates, Inc.

Thenmozhi R, Reshma T, Kavitha T, Madhusudhanan K, Praven Kumar D. 2011. Studies on VAM colonization on selected medicinal plant. Archives of applied science research 3, 445-449.