Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | November 21, 2022

| Download 11

The role of participatory watershed management practices for sustainable rural livelihood improvement in Handosha Watershed, Gibe district, Southern Ethiopia

Melese Gogo Massamo, Mulugeta Abebe Mamo

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.21(5), 198-216, November 2022


JBES 2022 [Generate Certificate]


The sustainability of environmental management practices such as watershed management intervention strategies relies on the understanding of the connection of the rural community’s participation, and livelihoods. However, there have not been many efforts effort to document the relationship between watershed management and sustainable livelihoods. In line with this, the research has assessed the role of participatory watershed management practices for sustainable rural livelihood improvement in Handosha Watershed, Gibe district, Southern Ethiopia. To address the above objective, household survey, focus group discussion and key informant interview were employed to collect and analyze the data from 122 randomly selected households in four sub-watersheds. Descriptive analysis, independent t-test and chi-square test were applied to analyze the data. The result of the study indicated that the collective value of overall livelihood assets and the specific major components that encompass crop diversification, food availability, land productivity, and physical assets were better after watershed intervention than before watershed intervention. The key finding of the research presents that due to different interventions the livelihood of the community was diversified and enhanced especially; profits, soil fertility, crop productivity, forest, water and food availability become enhanced. Findings of the study suggested that further emphasis is needed to enhance the households’ livelihood assets for sustainability of livelihoods. Local administrators and development agents need to recognize socio economic and topographic specific features as well as the constraints to involve society fully in various activities of participatory watershed management activities.


Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

The role of participatory watershed management practices for sustainable rural livelihood improvement in Handosha Watershed, Gibe district, Southern Ethiopia

Alemu MD, Kebede A, Moges A. 2019. Farmers’ perception of soil erosion and adoption of soil conservation technologies at Geshy Sub-Catchment, Gojeb River Catchment, Ethiopia. Agricultural Sciences 10(01), p.46.

Ali M, Surur K. 2012. Geographical Analysis of Soil Conservation in Silti Woreda, Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Sciences 1(4), 206-223.

Amsalu A, de Graaff J. 2006. Farmers’ views of soil erosion problems and their conservation knowledge at Beressa watershed, central highlands of Ethiopia. Agriculture and Human Values 23(1), 99-108.

Amsalu A, De Graaff J. 2007. Determinants of adoption and continued use of stone terraces for soil and water conservation in an Ethiopian highland watershed. Ecological economics 61(2-3), 294-302.

Bagdi GL, Kurothe RS. 2014. People’s participation in watershed management programmes: Evaluation study of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra in India. International soil and water conservation research 2(3), 57-66.

Bekele W, Drake L. 2003. Soil and water conservation decision behavior of subsistence farmers in the Eastern Highlands of Ethiopia: a case study of the Hunde-Lafto area. Ecological economics 46(3), 437-451.

Belachew A, Mekuria W, Nachimuthu K. 2020. Factors influencing adoption of soil and water conservation practices in the northwest Ethiopian highlands. International soil and water conservation research 8(1), 80-89.

Berhanu AA. 2011. Community Based Watershed Development for Climate Change Adaptation in Choke Mountain: The Case of Upper Muga Watershed in East Gojjam of Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation, Addis Ababa University).

Berresaw MK, Zikhali P, Manjur K, Edwards S. 2010. Adoption of sustainable agriculture practices: Evidence from a semi-arid region of Ethiopi. In Nat. Resour. Forum 33, 189-198).

Bewket W. 2007. Soil and water conservation intervention with conventional technologies in northwestern highlands of Ethiopia: Acceptance and adoption by farmers. Land use policy 24(2), 404-416.

Cochran W. 1977. Sampling Techniques. 3rd ed. John Wiley and sons. USA.

De Graaff J, Aklilu A, Ouessar M, Asins-Velis S, Kessler A. 2013. The development of soil and water conservation policies and practices in five selected countries from 1960 to 2010. Land Use Policy 32, 165-174.

De Graaff J, Amsalu A, Bodnar F, Kessler A, Posthumus H, Tenge A. 2008. Factors influencing adoption and continued use of long-term soil and water conservation measures in five developing countries. Applied Geography 28(4), 271-280.

Demelash M, Stahr K. 2010. Assessment of integrated soil and water conservation measures on key soil properties in South Gonder, North-Western Highlands of Ethiopia. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management 1(7), 164-176.

Deressa TT, Hassan RM, Ringler C, Alemu T, Yesuf M. 2009. Determinants of farmers’ choice of adaptation methods to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. Global environmental change 19(2), 248-255.

Engdawork A, Bork HR. 2014. Long-term indigenous soil conservation technology in the Chencha Area, Southern Ethiopia: origin, characteristics, and sustainability. Ambio 43(7), 932-942.

Enki M, Belay K, Dadi L. 2001. Determinants of adoption of physical soil conservation measures in central highlands of Ethiopia the case of three districts of North Shewa. Agrekon 40(3), 293-315.

Gessesse B, Bewket W, Bräuning A. 2016. Determinants of farmers’ tree-planting investment decisions as a degraded landscape management strategy in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Solid Earth 7(2), 639-650.

Haregeweyn N, Berhe A, Tsunekawa A, Tsubo M, Meshesha DT. 2012. Integrated watershed management as an effective approach to curb land degradation: a case study of the Enabered watershed in northern Ethiopia. Environmental management 50(6), 1219-1233.

Jung KY, Lee KL, Im TH, Lee IJ, Kim S, Han KY, Ahn JM. 2016. Evaluation of water quality for the Nakdong River watershed using multivariate analysis. Environmental Technology & Innovation 5, 67-82.

Kassie M, Köhlin G, Bluffstone R, Holden S. 2011. May. Are soil conservation technologies “win‐win?” A case study of Anjeni in the north‐western Ethiopian highlands. In natural resources forum 35(2), 89-99). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Kerse BL. 2018. Factors affecting adoption of soil and water conservation practices in the case of Damota watershed, Wolaita zone, Southern, Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Science Research 7(1), 1-9.

Kessler CA. 2006. Decisive key-factors influencing farm households’ soil and water conservation investments. Applied Geography 26(1), 40-60.

Kumasi TC, Asenso-Okyere K. 2011. Responding to land degradation in the highlands of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. International Food Policy Research Institute 1142, 44.

Lemenih M. 2004. Effects of land use changes on soil quality and native flora degradation and restoration in the highlands of Ethiopia 306(306).

Mekuriaw A, Heinimann A, Zeleke G, Hurni H. 2018. Factors influencing the adoption of physical soil and water conservation practices in the Ethiopian highlands. International soil and water conservation research 6(1), 23-30.

Moges DM, Taye AA. 2017. Determinants of farmers’ perception to invest in soil and water conservation technologies in the North-Western Highlands of Ethiopia. International Soil and Water Conservation Research 5(1), 56-61.

Mushir A, Kedru S. 2012. Soil and water conservation management through indigenous and traditional practices in Ethiopia: A case study. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management 5(4), 343-355.

Nigussie Z, Tsunekawa A, Haregeweyn N, Adgo E, Nohmi M, Tsubo M, Aklog D, Meshesha DT, Abele S. 2017. Factors influencing small-scale farmers’ adoption of sustainable land management technologies in north-western Ethiopia. Land Use Policy 67, 57-64.

Nyssen J, Clymans W, Poesen J, Vandecasteele I, De Baets S, Haregeweyn N, Naudts J, Hadera A, Moeyersons J, Haile M, Deckers J. 2009. How soil conservation affects the catchment sediment budget- A comprehensive study in the north Ethiopian highlands. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 34(9), 1216-1233.

Shiferaw A, Singh KL. 2010. An appraisal of the challenges that affect sustainability and productivity of the land use in the Borena Woreda of South Wollo highlands: Ethiopia. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 12(6), 1520-5509.

Shiferaw BA, Okello J, Reddy RV. 2009. Adoption and adaptation of natural resource management innovations in smallholder agriculture: reflections on key lessons and best practices. Environment, development and sustainability 11(3), 601-619.

Sileshi M, Kadigi R, Mutabazi K, Sieber S. 2019. Determinants for adoption of physical soil and water conservation measures by smallholder farmers in Ethiopia. International soil and water conservation research 7(4), pp.354-361

Taye G, Poesen J, Vanmaercke M, Van Wesemael B, Martens L, Teka D, Nyssen J, Deckers J, Vanacker V, Haregeweyn N, Hallet V. 2015. Evolution of the effectiveness of stone bunds and trenches in reducing runoff and soil loss in the semi-arid Ethiopian highlands. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 59(4), 477-493.

Teklewold H, Kassie M, Shiferaw B. 2013. Adoption of multiple sustainable agricultural practices in rural Ethiopia. Journal of agricultural economics 64(3), 597-623.

Teressa D, Guteta E. 2018. The Effects of Community Based Watershed Management on Livelihood Resources for Climate Change Adaptation the Case in Gemechis District, Oromiya. International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources 15(2), pp.31-39.

Tesfahunegn GB, Vlek PL, Tamene L. 2012. Management strategies for reducing soil degradation through modeling in a GIS environment in northern Ethiopia catchment. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 92(3), 255-272.

Tesfaye A, Negatu W, Brouwer R, Van der Zaag P. 2014. Understanding soil conservation decision of farmers in the Gedeb watershed, Ethiopia. Land Degradation & Development 25(1), 71-79.

Tesfaye G, Debebe Y, Yakob T. 2018. Impact of participatory integrated watershed management on hydrological, environment of watershed and socio-economic, case study at Somodo Watershed, South Western Ethiopia. The International Journal of Earth & Environmental Sciences 3(1), 1-7.

Teshome A, de Graaff J, Kassie M. 2016. Household-Level Determinants of Soil and Water Conservation Adoption Phases: Evidence from North-Western Ethiopian Highlands. Environmental Management 57(3), 620-636.

Yadav RC, Bhushan LS. 2002. Conservation of gullies in susceptible riparian areas of alluvial soil regions. Land Degradation & Development 13(3), 201-219.

Zhou P, Luukkanen O, Tokola T, Nieminen J. 2008. Effect of vegetation cover on soil erosion in a mountainous watershed. Catena 75(3), pp.319-325


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background