J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(1), 417-422, July 2014
An environmentally friendly pad-steam process for treatment of polyester/cotton fabric with sodium hydroxide was developed. To enhance the process efficiency, a quaternary ammonium compound (QAC) besides a reducing agent was used. Using QAC, the rate and amount of weight reduction were increased. The yellowness and loss of strength of the treated samples were reduced using reducing agent. The pad-steam process had the advantage of less treatment time, less consumption of water and chemicals that make the process to be less hazardous to the environment.
Golh EPG, Vilensky LD Textile Science. 1983, Longman Cheshire, Sec. Ed.
Betschewa R, Wangelov P. 1989. Kinetic of Alkaline Hydrolysis of Polyester Fibers. Melliand Textilberichte, 70, 599-604
Kallay N. 1990. Kinetics of Polyester Fiber Dissolution .Textile Research Journal, 60(11), 663-668
Shet RT, Zeronian SH, Siddiqui SA, Needles HL. 1982. Modification of Polyester and Polyester/Cotton by Alkali Treatment. Textile Chemist and Colorist, 14(11), 233-237
Lee J. 1995. Alkaline Softening of Polyester Fabrics Treated with Aqueous NaOH Solutions Containing CTAB and EDA. In the proceedings of the 3rd Asian textile conference, pp: 256-261.
Khosravi A. 1994. Dyeing Polyester and Cellulose Acetate, Jahad Daneshgahi, Tehran, IRAN
Needles HL, Brook B, Keighley H. 1985. How Alkali Treatment Affect Selected Properties Of Polyester, Cotton and Polyester/Cotton Fabrics. Textile Chemist and Colorist, 17(7), 177-180
Needles HL, Holmes S, Park MJ. 1990. The Dyeing and Colour Characteristics of Alkali Treated Polyester Fibres Dyed with Disperse Dyes. Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists, 106(12), 385-388
Kish MH, Nouri M. 1999. Effects of sodium hydroxide and calcium hydroxide on polyester fabrics. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 72(5), 631-637.
Datye KV. 1991. Dyeability of alkali-treated polyester fibre. Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists, 107(5-6), 218-219
Kish MH, Yousefi M. 1992. Alkaline Hydrolysis of Polyester Fibers-Structural Effects. Iranian Journal of Polymer Science, 1(2), 56-61
Yang MC, Tsai HY. 1997. Ethylene Glycol and Glycerin as the Solvent for Alkaline Treatment of Poly (Ethylene Terephthalate)Fabric. Textile Research Journal, 67(10), 760-766
Shukla SR, Mathur MR. 2000. Action of alkali on polybutylene terephthalate and polyethylene terephthalate polyesters. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 75(9), 1097-1102 14-
Xu W, Yang C. 2002. Hydrolysis and dyeing of polyester fabric using microwave irradiation. Coloration Technology, 118(5), 211-214
Raslan WM, Bendak A. 2005. Changes induced in silk-like polyester properties by alkoxides treatment. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 98(4), 1829-1837
Konovalova MV. 2005. Magnetic Activation of Water in Alkali Treatment of Polyester Fibre Materials. Fibre Chemistry, 37(2), 93-96
Kimizu M, Shimbo Y. et al. 2005. Alkali Hydrolysis of Polyester Fabric under Ultra-High Pressure. Seni Gakkaishi, 61(4), 109-114
Montazer M, Sadighi A. 2006. Optimization of the hot alkali treatment of polyester/cotton fabric with sodium hydrosulfite. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 100(6), 5049-5055
Haji A, Malek RMA, Mazaheri F. 2011. Comparative study of exhaustion and pad-steam methods for improvement of handle, dye uptake and water absorption of polyester/cotton fabric. Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly, 17(3), 359-365
Kazakeviciute G, Valiene V, Abraitiene A. 2004. Environmental research, engineering and management, 28(2), 40-47