The suitability of géothermal waters for irrigation, Oued Righ area, South-easthern Algeria

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Research Paper 01/10/2018
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The suitability of géothermal waters for irrigation, Oued Righ area, South-easthern Algeria

Chaib Warda, Bouchahm Nora, Bettiche Farida, Mancer Halima
J. Bio. Env. Sci.13( 4), 211-224, October 2018.
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The Oued Righ area is characterized by a hot and arid climate, where an intense dryness with a very low humidity and a very strong evaporation. These various climatic characteristics are reflected on the hydrography of the study area, sight the scarcity of surface water, the ground water takes much importance. In the study area, groundwater samples were collected from twenty wells during two periods (January 2011 and May 2011). Different parameters such as water quality index , Electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids (TDS),Total hardness (TH), Chloride classification, Sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), Percent sodium (% Na), Potential Salinity (PS), Kelley’s ratio, Permeability index (PI), Residual sodium carbonate and Magnesium hazard were used to evaluate groundwater suitability for irrigation purposes. Total hardness reveals that a majority of the groundwater samples falls in the very hard water category, total hardness values range from 59,40 to 106,40°F. The EC classification indicates that 80% of CI groundwater samples are doubtful for irrigation and 20% are unsuitable for irrigation.


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