The symbiotic response of three millet varieties to Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (Glomus spp.) inoculation in marginal soil: implication in bio-fertilizer

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Research Paper 01/07/2017
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The symbiotic response of three millet varieties to Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (Glomus spp.) inoculation in marginal soil: implication in bio-fertilizer

Tanvir Burni, Sayeda Sarah, Ikramullah Khan, Ghulam Nabi, Subhan Ullah
J. Bio. Env. Sci.11( 1), 1-8, July 2017.
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The effect of three Glomus species on growth parameters in terms of shoot length, root length, dry weight proximate composition and quantitative evaluation of mycorrhizal dependency of three millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) varieties i.e. Bajra super 1, PARC-MS 2, PARC-MS 3 were evaluated. Thirty earthen pots were filled with 8kg of soil. Each millet variety was represented by ten replicates i.e. five control and five test pots. The test pots were inoculated with soil containing spores of Glomus spp. The Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) inoculated plants showed significantly better performance than the non-inoculated plants in terms of plant height, number and length of leaves, root length, number of seminal roots and dry weight. Proximate analysis showed enhancement in crude protein, fat, moisture and ash content in mycorrhizal plants, except carbohydrate and crude fibers. Regarding mycorrhizal dependency (M.D), maximum value was noted in PV2 (71.67%) variety while least was observed in PV1 (55.91%). This study clearly indicates the potential of using indigenous AM fungi (Glomus species) as bio fertilizer in millet crop in low fertility soils. The use of AM fungi as bio fertilizer will not only reduce demand for chemical fertilizer, but will diminish chemical pollution.


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