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The use of cattle manure and their implication on soil chemical properties amongst the smallholder farms in Lushoto District, Tanzania

Research Paper | July 1, 2018

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Patrick Rukiko, Revocatus Machunda, Kelvin Mtei

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Int. J. Biosci.13( 1), 477-488, July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.1.477-488


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The use of cattle manure in agricultural fields improves soil quality in terms of nutrients and physical properties. This study was conducted at Lushoto District, in Tanga region, to understand the cattle manure management and utilization practices undertaken by smallholder farmers to improve soil productivity. 180 smallholder farmers in six villages were surveyed, and sixteen composite soil samples collected in each village from farms were manure has been applied and were manure not applied. Important soil nutrients and some important physical-chemical parameters namely Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Organic Carbon, Organic Matter, soil pH, Cation Exchange Capacity and Electro Conductivity were analyzed. On average, farms applied with manure were found to have better soil fertility compared to those without manure application. The average NPK for farms with manure application was 0.21%, 0.23%, 1.63% and 0.12%, 0.11%, 0.61% for farms where manure were not applied respectively. For soil pH, EC, CEC, SOC and SOM the average value recorded were 6.95, 0.12 dS/m, 24.26 Meq 100g-1 of soil, 2.43%, 4.19% and 6.72, 0.09 dS/m, 10.50 Meq 100g-1 of soil, 1.40, 2.42 for the farms applied with manure and farms where manure was not applied respectively. With regard to manure management, the data show that only 37.7% of respondents practice pit compost and the average range for the composting period reported being 5-6 month. The study asserts that improper manure management and utilization practices might contribute to the low levels of the potential nutrients and therefore appropriate manure management and utilization are recommended.


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The use of cattle manure and their implication on soil chemical properties amongst the smallholder farms in Lushoto District, Tanzania

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