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Toxic heavy metal lead (Pb) contamination of soils, plants and waters in Hayat Abad Industrial Estate, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Research Paper | July 1, 2021

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Reshman Naz, Muhammad Saleem Khan, Muhammad Fazil, Zahid Ali, Hazrat Ali, Hafsa Arif

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Int. J. Biosci.19( 1), 97-106, July 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.1.97-106


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The present research studies were carried out in the Hayatabad Industrial Estate Peshawar to analyze the concentration of the Lead (Pb) in the soil and plant parts (Root and Shoots). Metals were analyzed in the soil of the root zone, in root and shoot of each plant. Phytoremediation potential of the analyzed plants grown in their natural habitats was evaluated by the calculation of Bioconcentration Factor (BCF), Translocation Factor (TF) and Bioaccumulation Coefficient (BAC). Among all fifty plants species only Ten (10) species were found hyper accumulator for Lead. However most of the plant species showed feasibility for the phytoremediation; phytostabilization and phytoextraction of the selected heavy metals. Based on concentration of lead (Pb) in shoots and BCFs, TFs and BACs values twenty (20) plants were found most efficient plants for the phytoextraction of Lead (Pb). These plant species were found efficient for the phytoextraction of lead metal from the analyzed plants and soil. Similarly based on the concentration of the lead in roots and BCFs, TFs and BACs values twenty (20) plants were found efficient for the phytostabilization of lead (Pb). These plants species may be used for the phyto-immobilization of the mentioned metal contaminated soil.


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Toxic heavy metal lead (Pb) contamination of soils, plants and waters in Hayat Abad Industrial Estate, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

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