Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in different tribes of Arunachal Pradesh in Northeastern India

Research Paper | June 15, 2022

| Download 75

Manjit Kumar Ray, Ramresishang Wungmaiwo, Saurav Das

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.20( 6), 65-72, June 2022


JBES 2022 [Generate Certificate]


Tribes living in the Northeastern part of India rely on different plants as their source of medicines for different ailments from ancient times. This study documents the traditional knowledge of medicinal plants used by the indigenous tribes of Arunachal Pradesh. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire in consultation with the tribal practitioners. The study documents 54 medicinal plants belonging to 32 families used by eight different tribes. Among these people of the Monpa tribe uses Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent., to treat diarrhea and stomach ache, Singpho uses Amaranthus spinosus (L.) for skin infection, Cannabis sativa (L.) and Emblica officinalis both are used by Apatani and Adi tribes to cure hepatic problems. Both Idu and Tagin tribe uses Piper nigrum (L.) and Piper mullesua Ham ex D. Don to cure respiratory diseases. The plant Ageratum conyzoides (L.) is widespread among the native tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, and it is used to stop the bleeding among Singpho, Tangsa, Idu, and Nyishi tribes. There was a significant agreement among the informants regarding ethnomedicinal uses of plants, with Factor of Informants Consensus (FIC) value ranging from 0.2 to 0.48, with an average value of 0.355. This study underlines the importance of traditional medicinal knowledge that is fading in the era of urbanization and suggests documentation to preserve the knowledge.


Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in different tribes of Arunachal Pradesh in Northeastern India

Arya OP, Pandey A, Samal PK. 2017. Ethnobotany and nutritional importance of four selected medicinal plants from Eastern Himalaya, Arunachal Pradesh. J. Med. Plants Stud 5, 45-49.

Bhabajit DPRGPRRB. 2014. Uses of trees as medicine by the ethnic communities of Arunachal Pradesh, India. J. Med. Plants Res 8, 857-863. https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR10.768

Canales M, Hernández T, Caballero J, Romo De Vivar A, Avila G, Duran A, Lira R. 2005. Informant consensus factor and antibacterial activity of the medicinal plants used by the people of San Rafael Coxcatlán, Puebla, México. J. Ethnopharmacol 97, 429-439. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep. 2004.

Chakraborty T, Saha S, Bisht N. 2017. First Report on the Ethnopharmacological Uses of Medicinal Plants by Monpa Tribe from the Zemithang Region of Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Himalayas, India. Plants 6, 13. https://doi.org/10.3390 /plants

Chowlu K, Mahar KS, Das AK. 2017. Ethnobotanical studies on orchids among the Khamti community of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Indian J. Nat. Prod. Resour 8, 89-93.

Deb S, Arunachalam A, Das AK. 2009. Indigenous knowledge of Nyishi tribes on traditional agroforestry systems. Indian Jour Trad Knowl. 8.

Goswami P, Soki D, Jaishi A, Das M, Sarma HN. 2009. Traditional healthcare practices among the Tagin tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. IJTK Vol.8(1) [January 2009].

Hassan N, Nisar M, Ur Rehman Kakar S, Ul Hassan F, Pakistan Zhiwei Zhong S, Nong L, Ijaz Khan M, Shuaib M, Wang D, Deli Wang C, Zhong Z. 2017. Determination of informant consensus factor of medicinal plants used as therapy in district Dir Lower Pakistan. J. Med. Plants Stud 5, 183-188.

Hooker JD. 1894. Flora of British India. L. Reeve and Co. Ltd., NR, Ashford, Kent, England.

Jain S, Rao R. 1926. A handbook of field and herbarium methods. Today & Tomorrow’s Printers and Publishers.

Jeeva S, Kiruba S, Mishra BP, Venugopal N, Kharlukhi L, Regini GS, Das SSM, Laloo RC. 2005. Diversity of medicinally important plant species under coconut plantation in the coastal region of Cape Comorin. Flora and Fauna Jhansi 11, 226-230.

Jeyaprakash K, Lego YJ, Payum T, Rathinavel S, Jayakumar K, 2017. World Scientific News WSN., World Scientific News. Scientific Publishing House “DARWIN.”

Khongsai, Kayang P. 2011. Ethnomedicinal plants used by different tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge.

LSPSS. 1993. Micro-studies carried out by members of All India network of NGOs (LSPSS, Coimbatore) involved in the revitalisation of local health traditions.

Murtem G, Chaudhry P. 2016. An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used by the Tribes in Upper Subansiri District of Arunachal Pradesh , India. Am. J. Ethnomedicine 3, 35-49.

Rawat MS, Chowdhury S. 1998. Ethno medico botany of Arunachal Pradesh (Nishi & Apatani tribes). Ethno Med. Bot. Arunachal Pradesh (Nishi & Apatani tribes).

Saklani A, Jain S. 1994. Cross-cultural ethnobotany of northeast India/Arvind Saklani & S.K. Jain. – Version details – Trove. Deep Publications.

Tag H, Das AK, Kalita P. 2005. Plants used by the Hill Miri tribe of Arunachal Pradesh in ethnofisheries. Indian J. Tradit. Knowl 4, 57-64.

Trotter R, Logan M. 1986. Informant consensus: a new approach for identifying potentially effective medicinal plants.