Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Traditional, medicinal and food uses of Pteridophytes of district Mansehra (Pakistan) and their some adjacent areas

Research Paper | November 1, 2016

| Download 4

Alia Gul, Jan Alam, Habib Ahmad, Ghulam Mujtaba Shah, Manzoor Hussain, Yunus Dogan, Khallil-Ur-Rahman

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.9( 5), 116-133, November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/9.5.116-133


IJB 2016 [Generate Certificate]


Mansehra is one of the floristically rich and most varied districts of Pakistan, gifted with plentiful pteridophytes diversity. Various ethnic communities residing in district Mansehra and its adjacent localities exhibits unique tradition, dialect and culture. They collect pteridophytes from the wild especially for medicinal purposes, general healthcare, food uses and to meet daily life requirements. An inventory survey was conducted in order to assess the traditional uses of pteridophytes by the local inhabitants of the study area. Ethno botanical information and Ornamental potential of the taxa of wild pteridophytes was documented through field trips during 2013-2014. First-hand Information and data was collected through structured questionnaire and in-depth interviews were conducted from the natives in the hilly regions. A univariate level of analysis of the collected data such as percentage and frequency distribution was performed. 60 taxa are traditionally used, distributed in 16 families, and 26 genera. This figure meets about 32 % of the total known pteridophytes taxa of Pakistan. 56 taxa (93.34%) are widely used as medicines while 55 taxa having ornamental potential and may be cultivated for commercial purpose. 15 taxa are of great economic values i.e. a good source of vegetables and bio fertilizers. Our study concluded that, elders of the area have more knowledge than youngers in the population, an ethno medicinal practice of pteridophyte species by various indigenous people for treating various diseases and food use is prominent and may be considered as potential source for pharmaceutical industries to prepare new drugs to fight against various diseases.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Traditional, medicinal and food uses of Pteridophytes of district Mansehra (Pakistan) and their some adjacent areas

Ahmad JA, Khaliq S, Iqbal ZS. 2004. Geological appraisal of radiactive minerals occurrence at Ahl in Mansehra granite North West Pakistan. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar 37(77), 8-1.

Ahmad H. 1999. Issues regarding medicinal plants of Pakistan. Udyana Today 6(3), 6-7.

Alexiades M. 1996. Collecting ethnobotanical data. An introduction to basic concepts and techniques (Ed.). In: Alexiades, M. (Ed.), Selected Guideline for Ethnobotanical Research: A field Manual. The New York Botanical Garden, USA Sheldon, J.W, 53–94 P.

Anonymous. 1998. District census report of Mansehra. Population Census Organization Statistics Division Islamabad, 1-32.

Benjamin A, Manickkam VS. 2007. Medicinal Pteridophytes from Western Ghats. Indian Journal of Traditional  Knowledge 6(4), 611-618.

Benniamin A. 2011. Medicinal ferns of North Eastern India with special reference to Arunachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 10 (3), 516-522.

Biplab P, Subir B. 2007. Herbivore Damageto Ferns caused by a Chrysomelid Beetle from lower Gangetic plains of West Bengal, India. American Fern Journal 97(1), 19-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1640/00028444(2007)97[19:HDTFCB]2.0.CO;2

Champion HG, Seth SK, Khattak GM. 1965. Forest types of Pakistan. Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar.

Croft JR, Leach GJ, Osborne PL. 1985.Ferns and Fern Allies, in freshwater plants of Papua New Guinea, 33 –74.

Dixit RD. 1975. Ferns much neglected group of medicinal plants. International Journal of Research. Indian Med10, 74- 90.

Ghulam M. 2003. Mansehra- an Introduction. In: Science-Religion Dialogue (Mansehra, Paksitan: Hazara Society for Science-Religion Dialogue). Spring 50-161.

Ghulam M. 2003. Mansehra- an Introduction. In: Science-Religion Dialogue (Mansehra, Paksitan: Hazara Society for Science-Religion Dialogue). Spring 50-161.

Ghulam M. 2003. Mansehra- an Introduction. In: Science-Religion Dialogue (Mansehra, Paksitan: Hazara Society for Science-Religion Dialogue). Spring 50-161.

Ghulam M. 2003. Mansehra- an Introduction. In: Science-Religion Dialogue (Mansehra, Paksitan: Hazara Society for Science-Religion Dialogue). 20, 50-161.

Gul A, Alam J, Ahmad H, IrfanM. 2016.An updated checklist of Pteridophytes of district Mansehra, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa-Pakistan. PlantScience Today 3(2), 237- 247. http://dx.doi.org/10.14719/pst.2016.3.2.220

Hassler M, SwaleB. 2001. Checklist of Ferns and Fern Allies. Downloadable from http://homepages.caverock.net.nz/~bj/fern/

Jaman R, Umi-Kalsom Y. 2010. Matoniaceae. In: Flora of Peninsular Malaysia. (Eds: Parris BS,KiewR, Chung R.CK, SawLG, Soepadmo E.), FRIM Press, Kepong. 103-107.

Jim C. 1999. Ferns and man in New Guinea. Based on a paper presented to Papua New Guinea Botany Society.

Kamaruddin  Salleh, Latif A. 2002. Tumbuhan Ubatan Malaysia.Percetakan Watan Sdn. Bhd. Kuala Lumpur. 37-61.

Kaushik P, Dhiman K. 1995. Common medicinal Pteridophytes, Indian Fern Journal.12, 139- 145.

Khullar SP. 1994. An Illustrated Fern Flora of West Himalaya, 1, International Book Distributors, Dehra Dun.

Khullar SP. 2000. An Illustrated Fern Flora of West Himalaya, Vol. II. International Book Distributors, Dehra Dun.

Khullar SP, Pangtey Y.PS, Samant SS, Rawal RS,Singh P. 1991. Ferns of Nainital, Bisen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun.

Kumar M, Remesh M, Sequiera S. 2003. Medicinal pteridophytes of Kerala, South India. Indian Fern Journal 20, 1-28.

Lord TR. 2006. Ferns and fern allies of Pennsylvania. PA: Pinelands Press, Indiana. Lu SG. Pteridology. Beijing: Higher Education Press; 2007.

Manickam VS,  Irudayaraj V. 2003. Pteridophyte Flora of Nilgiris, South India, Bishen Singh Mahendra & Pal Singh, Publications, Dehra Dun.

May LW. 1978. The economic uses and associated folklore of fems and femallies. Bot. Rev. 44, 491-528.

Mittal TC, Bir SS. 2006.The Indian substitutes of Male Fem [Dryopteris filix-mas (L.)Schott)]-I. Taxonomy and drug macroscopy. Indian Fern Journal 23, 133-187.

Nair BK. 1957. Medicinal Ferns of India, Bull. Nat. Bot. Gard. Lucknow 29, 1-36.

Nair BK. 1959. Medicinal Ferns of India. Bull. Nat. Bot. Gard. Lucknow. 29, 1-36.

Oloyede FA, Alafe BO, Oloyede FM. 2008. Nutrient evaluation of Nephrolepis bisserata (Nephrolepidiaceae, Pteridophyta). Botanical Lithuanica 14(4), 207- 210.

Oloyede FA, Oloyede FM, Salau TL, Ogunwole AA. 2010. Chemical composition of a Tropical fern, Ceratopteris cornuta (Parkeriaceae) in Nigeria. Acta Botanica Hungarica 52(1-2), 145-150.

Oloyede FA, Makinde AM, Ajayi OS. 2012. Proximate analysis, nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of a tropical fern, Nephrolepis furcans in Nigeria. Acta Botan. Hungarica 54(3-4), 345355.

Pande PC. 1991. An Illustrated Fern Flora of Kumaun Himalaya Vol. I & II, Bisen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun.

Pei SJ. 1992. Mountain culture and forest resource management of Himalayas. In: D. W. Tiwari, Himalayan Ecosystem, Intel. Book Distr., Dehra Dun, India.

Perry LM, Metzger J. 1980. Medicinal plants of East and South East Asia: Attributed properties and uses. Cambridge, the MIT Press, Massachusetts and London.

Razdan B. 1986. Cytomorphological studies in Homosporous Ferns of Kashmir. Ph.D. thesis submitted to the Faculty of Science, Centre of Plant Taxonomy, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India.

Singh HB, Viswanathan MV. 1996. Useful Pteridophytes of India. A gift of nature to Human beings, J. Econ.Tax.Bot., Add. Ser12, 24-36.

Singh JS. 2002. The biodiversity crisis. A multifaceted review, Curr. Sci. 82(6), 638.

Sing HB. 2003. Economically viable pteridophytes of India.419-444. In S. Chandra & M. Srivastava (Eds.). Pteridology in the new millennium. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.

Schneider H, Schuettpelz E, Pryer KM, Cranfill R, Magallón S, Lupia R. 2004. Ferns diversified in the shadow of angiosperms. Nature, 428(6982), 553–557. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02361

Smith AR, Pryer KM, Schuettpelz E, Korall P, Schneider H, Wolf PG. 2006. A classification of extant ferns. Taxon 55, 705–731

Sullivan K, Shealy CN. 1997. Complete natural home remedies. Element books Simited, Shaftsbury, UK. Provide. 250-257.

Tryon RM. 1983. Ferns and alliedplants, with special reference to tropical America. New York NY: Springer; 1983.

Vasudev SM. 1999. Economic importance of Pteridophytes. Indian fern journal 16(1,2), 130-152.

Zhigila DA, Fatima B,Sawa J,  Ayodele  F, Muhammad S. 2015. Aesthetic Values and Significance of Ferns to Landscaping Industries. A taxonomic review international journal of current research in bioscience plant biology 2(3), 7-13.