J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(2), 357-361, August 2014
Although in previous decades, synthetic drugs consumption caused decreased in use of medicinal herbal materials but due to the adverse effect and high prices of chemical drugs, usage of herbal medicines has bloomed again. Rural people of different countries use these herbal materials for various diseases and their consumption varies from country to country. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate consumption method and medicinal properties of two Achillea (Achillea millefolium L. and Achillea biebersteinii Afan.) and Gundelia (Gundelia tournefortii L.) plant genus of Astracea family by rural people in Tabriz, Iran. We conducted interviews, asked questions and studied the uses of these plants from 16 women and men that are above the age of 35 and have been known locally for their information and knowledge about medicinal plant usage. Results indicated that rural people of Tabriz knew Achillea millefolium L. as a poisonous plant and not use it for disease elimination. They knew Achillea biebersteinii Afan. as a medicinal plant with therapeutic effects such as sedative, menstruation regulating, anti worm, anti inflammation, stomach rheumatism elimination, stomach acid elimination, ovarian cysts removing and uterine anticancer. Also they use Gundelia tournefortii L. for disease such as allergy, blood sugar and cholesterol. So Achillea biebersteinii Afan. and Gundelia tournefortii L. are considered medicinal plants with many therapeutic effects and people in other countries can use its medicinal properties for same disease.
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