Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Tree species diversity in the south western human impact hills at Chittagong University campus in Bangladesh

Research Paper | January 1, 2014

| Download 8

Md. Shahadat Hossain, Khaled Misbahuzzaman, Saifullah Muhammad, Abdullah Al Mamun

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.4( 1), 205-212, January 2014


JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


Tree species diversity, species richness and phytosociological characters were investigated in the south western human impact hills at Chittagong University (CU) campus in Bangladesh using stratified random sampling (sample size 10m×10m) during the period of April 2012 to November 2012. Altogether, 622 tree individuals (DBH ≥ 5 cm) of 33 tree species belonging to 16 families were recorded from four selected hills (total sampled area of 0.6 hectare). Of the families, meliaceae was the dominant family having 4 species. Total stand density and basal area were, respectively, 1037 stem ha-1 and 41.124 m2h-1. Gmelina arborea contributed to the highest stand density (222 stem ha-1) and relative abundance (6.57%) of the study area, while Albizia procera contributed highest basal area (8.217 m2h-1), relative frequency (13.92%) and relative dominance (19.98%) for the same. On the other hand, Anacardium occidentale contributed to the least density (2 stem ha-1), basal area (0.014 m2h-1) and relative dominance (0.03%). The diameter class distributions disclose that, the study area is in mid-level succession where stem density and basal area continued to increase to a certain level of diameter class eventually decrease (from 15-24.99 cm diameter class) with the increase in diameter class. Diversity index for tree was recorded 2.73 of which Gmelina arborea possess highest diversity (0.33) in the scale of Shannon-Weiner index of diversity.


Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Tree species diversity in the south western human impact hills at Chittagong University campus in Bangladesh

Alamgir M, Alamin M. 2005. Plant diversity and their distribution pattern at strategically selected conserved forests of Banskhali, Chittagong, Journal of Forestry and Environment 3, 69-75.

Banglapedia.    2012.   http://www.banglapedia.org. Accessed on 20 October 2012.

Barbour M, Burk JH, Pitts WD, Gillians FS, Schwartz MW. 1999. Terrestrial Ecology. Chicago, Illinois: Addson Wesley Longman, Inc.

Champion HG. 1936. A preliminary survey of the forest types of India and Bangladesh. Indian Forest Records (New series) 1, 1.

Chaturvedi AN, Khanna SL. 1982. Forest Mensuration. International Book Distributors, Dehra Dun, India, 406.

Curtis. JT, McIntosh RP. 1951. An Upland continuum in the Praine Forest Border region of Wisconsin, Ecology 32, 476-496.

Hasan MM. 1997. Bio-diversity conservation and management in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Environmental Sciences 3(1), 1-7.

Heywood VH. 1995. Global Biodiversity Assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK

Hossain MK, Rahman ML, Hoque ATMR, Alam MK. 2004. Comparative regeneration status in a natural forest and enrichment plantations of Chittagong (South) Forest Division, Bangladesh. Journal Forestry Research 154, 255-260.

Hossain MK. 2001a. A review of forest diversity conservation in Bangladesh. Journal of Forestry and Environment 1(1), 102-110.

Hossain MK. 2005. Conversion of dipterocarpus dominant natural forests to short rotation plantations -an unrecoverable threat to the native dipterocarpus in Bangladesh. Paper presented at APAFRI Conference [URL: http://www.apafri.org/8thdip/Session%204/S4_Hossain.doc]. (Viewed on September, 2012)

Hossain MM. 1996. Afforestation in Bangladesh. In: Hadiuzzaman S, Mushi AAA, Sadeque N, Khan SM, Aziz A, ed. Plants for Human Welfare. Proc. 8th Bot. Conf. 12-13 December, 1994. Bangladesh Botanical Society, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 63-69.

Hossain, MK. 2001b. Overview of the Forest Biodiversity in Bangladesh. In: Assessment, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Forest Biodiversity (CBD Technical Series no. 3). SCBD, Montreal, Canada, 33-35.

Islam ATMT, Chowdhury MS, Hoque AKMM, Malek SA. 1979. Detailed Soil Survey Chittagong University Campus, Chittagong. Department of Soil Survey, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Khan SMMH, Nishat A, Haque R. 2008. Biodiversity conservation in Bangladesh. In: Ahmed ZU, Begum ZNT, Hassan MA, Khondker M, Kabir SMH, Ahmed M, Ahmed ATA, Rahman AKA, Haque EU, eds. Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Profile. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh 1, 9-19.

Khera AN, Kumar A, Ram J, et al., 2001. Plant biodiversity assessment in relation to disturbances in midelevational forest of Central Himalaya, India. Tropical Ecology 42, 83-95.

Kimmins JP. 1997. Biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem health and integrity. Forest Chronicle 73, 229-232.

Kumar A, Gupta AK, Marcot BG, et al., 2002. Management of forests in India for biological diversity and forest productivity, a new perspective. Volume IV: Garo Hills Conservation Area (GCA). Wildlife Institute of India – USDA Forest Service collaborative project report, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun, India, 206.

Magurran EA. 1988. Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 179.

Michael P. 1990. Ecological Methods for Field and Laboratory Investigation. New Delhi:Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., India, 404-424.

Nath TK, Hossain MK, Alam MK. 2000. Assessment of tree species diversity of Sitapahar forest reserve, Chittagong Hill Tracts (South) Forest Division, Bangladesh. Indian Forester 126, 16-21.

Noble IR, Dirzo R. 1997. Forests as human-dominated ecosystems. Science 277, 522-525.

Rahman MA, Rashid MH, Wilcock CC. 2000. Diversity, Ecology, Distribution and Ethnobotany of the Apocynaceae of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 7(2), 57-76.

Reddy CS, Babar S, Amarnath G, Pattanaik C. 2011. Structure and floristic composition of tree stand in tropical forest in the Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Forestry Research 22(4), 491-500.

Reza AHMA. 2004. Natural Resources Management in Bangladesh: Linking National Priority to global perspective. Tiger paper 31(2), 10-16.

Ripu MK, Shiv PS. 2004. Quantitative analysis of tree species in two community forests of Dolpa district, mid-west Nepal. Him. Journal of Science 2(3), 23-28.

Shukla RS, Chandal PS. 2000. Plant Ecology and Soil Science (9thEdn.). Ramnagor: S. Chand and Compary Limited, New Delhi, India, 121-376.

Singh JS. 2002. The biodiversity crisis: a multifaceted review. Current Science 82, 638–647.

Sobuj NA, Rahman M. 2011. Assessment of plant diversity in Khadimnagar National Park of Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Sciences 2(1), 79-91.

Whitmore TC. 1998. An Introduction to Tropical Rain Forests. Oxford University Press, London, 282.

WRI (World Resources Institute). 1989. Keeping options Alive: The Scientific Basis for Conserving Biodiversity. World Resource Institute, 45-48.