Update the survey of the Populations of Artiodactyls and threats in the Dassioko Sud Forest Reserve, Côte d’Ivoire

Paper Details

Research Paper 05/01/2023
Views (475) Download (72)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Update the survey of the Populations of Artiodactyls and threats in the Dassioko Sud Forest Reserve, Côte d’Ivoire

Eloi Anderson Bitty, Kouadio Benoit Kassé, Sery Gonédélé Bi, Jean-Baptiste Kouamé
Int. J. Biosci.22( 1), 112-118, January 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Côte d’Ivoire comprises part of West Africa’s Guinean Forest Region, an ecosystem of great biological richness, species diversity, and endemism. The region is known to be involved in the World Biodiversity Hotspot. The country was covered by 16 million hectares of forest which is habitat of several animal species. However, this forest is continuously facing a huge human pressure that leads to a high deforestation rate as well as the depopulation of the wildlife inhabiting that natural habitat. From July 1st 2021 to September 1st 2021, we conducted survey in the Dassioko Forest Reserve and the surrounding villages. The interviewees were asked to indicate the Artiodactyl species present in their area as well as its abundance. In addition, we carried foot survey in the Reserve. During the survey we collected any evidence of the artiodactyl species, by sighting foot prints and dung. Also, we collected the human activities inside the forest. The interviews will the local communities revealed that 15 species still present in the area. However, during the foot survey conducted inside the forest we sighted 9 species. The Endangered Pygmy Hippopotamus, Choeropsis liberiensis was observed in the forest. In addition, we observed three species with conservation concern: the Bongo, Tragelaphus eurycerus (0.62 encounter/Km), the Yellow Backed Duiker, Cephalophus silvicultor (0.3 encounter/Km) and the Bay Duiker, Cephalophus dorsalis (0.45 encounter/Km).The survey showed that the main threat on the wild are forest encroachment and poaching. So conservation must be taken to mitigate the threat.

VIEWS 94

Achard F, Eva H, Stibig HJ, Mayaux P, Gallego J, Richard T, Malingreau JP. 2002. Determination of deforestation rates of the world’s humid tropical forests. Science 297, 999-1002. DOI: 10.1126/science.1070656

Bene JCK, Bitty EA, Bohoussou KH, Abedi-Lartey M, Gamys J, Soribah PAJ. 2013. Current conservation status of large mammals in Sime Darby oil palm concession in Liberia. Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Sciences 2(3), 93-102

Bitty EA, Gonedelé Bi S, Bené KJ, Kouassi KP, Mcgraw WS. 2015. Cocoa farming and primate extirpation inside Côte d’Ivoire’s protected areas. Tropical Conservation Science 8, 95-113. DOI: 10.1177/194008291500800110

Brou YT, Johan O, Sylvain B, Eric S. 2005. Risques de déforestation dans le domaine permanent de l’état en côte d’ivoire : quel avenir pour ces derniers massifs forestiers. Télédétection 5(3), 105-121

Brou YT, Severat, E, Pature lJE. 1999. Contributions à l’analyse des inter-relations entre activités humaines et variabilité climatique: cas du sud forestier ivoirien. Académie des sciences 327, 833-838.

Caspary HU. 1996. La gestion des ressources cynégétiques dans la forêt classée de Béki Rapport Sodefor/GTZ. p. 11-23

Cowlishaw G, Mendelson S, Rowclife JM. 2005. Evidence for post-epletion sustainability in a mature bushmeat market. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 460-468

Craigie ID, Baillie JEM, Balmford A, Carbone C. 2010. Large mammal population declines in Africa’s protected areas. Biological Conservation 143(9), 2221-2228

Edderai D, Dame M. 2006. A census of the commercial bushmeat market in Yaoundé, Cameroon. Oryx 40, 472-475

FA JE, Olivero J, Farfan MÁ, Marquez AL, Vargas JM, Real R, NASI R. 2014. Integrating sustainable hunting in biodiversity protection in Central Africa: hot spots, weak spots, and strong spots. PLoS ONE 9(11), e112367.

Fa JE, Ryan SF, Bell DJ. 2005. Hunting vulnerability, ecological characteristics and harvest rates of bushmeat species in afrotropical forests. Biological Conservation 121, 167-176.

Fasona M, Omojola A. 2009. Land covers change and land degradation in parts of the southwest coast of Nigeria. African Journal of Ecology 47, 30-38. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2008.01047.x

Gonedele S, Bitty EA, Ouatara K, McGraw WS. 2014. Primate surveys in Côte d’Ivoire’s Sassandra-Bandama interfluvial region with notes on a remnant population of black-and-white colobus. African Journal of Ecology 52, 491-498

Gonedele´Bi S, Bitty EA, Yao KA, McGraw WS. 2019. Foot Patrols Enhance Conservation Efforts in Threatened Forest Reserves of Coastal Côte d’Ivoire. DOI: 10.1177/1940082919872637

Jenkins RKB, Keane A, Rakotoarivelo AR, Rakotomboavonjy V, Randdrianandrinina FH, Razafimanahaka HJ. 2011. Analysis of patterns of bushmeat consumption reveals extensive exploitation of protected species in eastern Madagascar. PLoS ONE 6(12), e27570

Kouakou JL, Gonedele´ Bi S, Bitty EA, Kouakou C, Yao KA, Kasse KB, Soulemane O. 2020. Ivory Coast without ivory: Massive extinction of African forest elephants in Côte d’Ivoire. Plos One. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232993

Kouame NF, Zoro BiIA. 2010. [New division of the dense humid forest zone of Côte d’Ivoire]. Sciences & Nature 7(2), 177-194.

Kpétéré J, Sedjro G, Nago A, Natta AK, Houessou L, Kéita NT. 2015. Connaissances ethnozoologiques et importance de l’hippopotame commun (Hippopotamus amphibius amphibius) pour les populations du Nord-Est Bénin: Implication pour sa conservation et sa valorisation durable. Ann. UP, Série Sciences, Nature et Agronomique 5(1), 54- 67.

Léonard E, Ibo JG. 1994. Appropriation et gestion de la rente forestière en Côte d’Ivoire: la nature et l’homme en Afrique. Politique africaine 53, 25-36.

Mbete RA, Banga-Mboko H, Race YP, Mfoukou-Ntsakala A, Nganga., Vermeulen C. 2011. Household bushmeat. Topical Conservation Science 4, 187-202

Myers N, Mittermeier RA, Mittermeier CG, Fonseca GAB, Kent J. 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403, 853-845

Oates JF, Abedi-Lartey M, McGraw WS, Struhsaker TT, Whilesides GH. 2000. Extinction of a West African red colobus monkey. Conservation Biology 14, 1526-1532

Ross C. 2014. The plantation paradigm: colonial agronomy, African farmers, and the global cocoa boom, 1870s-1940s. Journal of Global History 9, 49-71.

Wilkie DS, StarkeYM, Abernethy K, Effa EN, Telfer, Godoy R. 2005. Role of prices and wealth in consumer demand for bushmeat in Gabon, Central Africa. Conservation Biology 19, 268-274.

Yao KA, Bitty EAB, Kassé KB, Kouakou YC, Yaokokoré-Beibro KH, Gonedelé Bi S, McGraw WS. 2018. Distribution and relative abundance of forest duikers in Dassioko Sud Forest Reserve (coastal Côte d’Ivoire). Wildlife Research. https://doi.org/10.1071/WR17068