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Upland rice cultivation practices in Cagayan Province, Philippines

Research Paper | January 1, 2019

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Josephine Y. Bas-ong

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Int. J. Biosci.14( 1), 454-467, January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.1.454-467


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The study was conducted to ascertain the cultivation practices of upland rice farmers in Cagayan province, Philippines. The study was conducted for a period of one year from July 2016 to June 2017 covering the wet planting season and dry planting season. The study sites were 13 municipalities and 28 barangays identified as upland farming areas based on records provided by the Department of Agriculture regional and provincial offices. Purposive sampling was employed while a structured questionnaire was utilized to aid data gathering through personal interviews. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics. Results revealed that upland rice farmers in Cagayan are in their middle age, mostly male with relatively low level of education, with limited training exposure related to agriculture specifically on rice production by government line agencies, conducted in their respective barangays and municipalities. The upland rice farmer respondents are cultivating a total land area of 322.7 hectares. In their cultural management practices, only few employ manual and mechanical plowing, harrowing, levelling and mechanical rotavating. Most of the respondents practice traditional harvesting method with produce intended for home consumption. Whereas they assessed upland rice farming as an environmentally suitable and safe and healthy farming practice compared to lowland farming. They also enumerated lots of their experienced problems with their corresponding recommended solutions.


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Upland rice cultivation practices in Cagayan Province, Philippines

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