Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | September 1, 2021

| Download 11

Valorization of the duckweed (Spirodela polyrhyza) in the feeding of mono sex male fry of Oreochromis niloticus: Zootechnical performance and economic profitability

Sènan Maxime Boris Djossou, Diane N. S. Kpogue Gangbazo, Arsène F. M. D'almeida, André B. Aboh, Elie Montchowui, Emile D. Fiogbe

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.19(3), 9-16, September 2021


IJAAR 2021 [Generate Certificate]


In order to evaluate the effect of Spirodela polyrhiza using in diets of Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings, an experiment was conducted on the farm “Awara” in the village of Agongo in Sèmè – Kpodji during 70 days. The initial average weight of fry is about 1g. The stocking density was 13 fry / m². Three experimental diets made with local by-products were tested: T0 (0% S. polyrhiza Meal), T1 (5% S. polyrhiza Meal) and T2 (mixed feed composed of 70% T0 and 30% fresh S. polyrhiza). At the end of the experiment, the survival rate was 100% for all treatments. The best zootechnical parameters were obtained with T1 with a final average weight of 11.67 ± 2.52 g and a consumption index of 1.17 ± 0.30. The highest gross profit margin was also obtained with T1. The lowest economic profitability was obtained.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Valorization of the duckweed (Spirodela polyrhyza) in the feeding of mono sex male fry of Oreochromis niloticus: Zootechnical performance and economic profitability

Abdelhamid MA, Nagwa AM, Mehrim AI, Soliman AAA. 2012. Impact of non- conventional feedstuffs on growth performances and nutrients utilization of Nile tilapia fish. Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Feeds 15(1), 349-357.

Abou Y, Fiogbe ED, Micha J-C. 2007. A preliminary assessment of growth and production of Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L, Fed Azolla based diets in Earthen ponds. Journal of Applied Aquaculture 19(4), 55-69.

Ahmed GU, Sultana N, Shamsuddin M, Hossain MB. 2013. Growth and production performance of monosex tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fed with homemade feed in earthen mini ponds. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 16(23), 1781-1785.

Anthonius C, Yong ASK, Fui FC. 2018. Supplementation of duckweed diet and citric acid on growth performance, feed utilization, digestibility and phosphorus utilization of TGGG hybrid grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus x Epinephelus lanceolatus) juvenile. Songklanakarin Journal of Sciences and Technology 40(5), 1009-1016.

Bamba Y, Ouattara A, Da Costa KS, Gourène G. 2008. Production de Oreochromis niloticus avec des aliments à base de sous – produits agricoles. Sciences et Nature 5(1), 89-99.

Bashir AY, Suleiman B. 2018. Growth and Feed Utilization Value of Fermented Tamarindus indica L. Seed in the Diet of Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 18, 905-911.

Bello NO, Nzeh GC. 2013. Effects of varying levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal diet on growth performance, hematological indices and biochemical enzymes of African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822). Elixir Aquaculture 57A (2013) 14459-14466.

Bligh EG, Dyer WJ. 1959. A rapid method for lipid extraction and purification. Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology 37, 911-917.

Bou M, Pipet N, Dutartre A. 2012. Synthèse des études menées de 2006 à 2011 sur les lemnacées dans le Marais poitevin, IUT La Roche sur Yon, IIBSN, Irstea, Institution Interdépartementale du Bassin de la Sèvre Niortaise Hôtel du Département (IIBSN) Maison du Département 91 pp.

ChowdhurymmP, Shahjahan M, Rahman MS, Sadiq-ul IM. 2008. Duckweed (Lemna minor) as supplementary feed in monoculture of nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 3, 54-59.

Cruz-Velásquez Y, Kijora C, Agudelo-Martínez V, Schulz C. 2014. Inclusion of fermented aquatic plants as feed resource for Cachama blanca, Piaractus brachypomus, fed low-fish meal diets. Orinoquia Supplemento 18(2), 29-236.

Dagnelie P. 1975. Théorie et Méthodes Statistiques (Vol. II). Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux: Belgique 463 pp.

Dibala CI, Yougbarémc, Konaté K, Coulibaly ND, Dicko MH. 2018. Production du tilapia du Nil (Oreochromis niloticus Linneaus, 1758) avec des aliments à base de protéines végétales. Journal of Applied Biosciences 128, 12943-12952.

Dorothy MS, Raman S, Nautiyal V, Singh K, Yogananda T, Kamel M. 2018. Use of potential plant leaves as ingredient in fish feed- A review. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 7(7), 112-125.

Elegbe HA, Imorou TI, Agbohessi P, Ble C, Banag A, Chikou A, Tomedi M, Laleye P. 2015. Co-culture Clarias gariepinus-Oreochromis niloticus : Quels avantages pour l’amélioration des performances zootechniques et économiques des poissons élevés dans les «whedos» du delta de l’Ouémé au Bénin ? International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 9(4), 1937-1949.

El-Sayed AM. 1999. Alternative dietary protein sources for farmed tilapia, Oreochromis spp. Aquaculture 179, 149-168.

Fasakin EA, Balogun AM, Fagbenro OA. 2001. Evaluation of sun-dried water fern, Azolla Africana and duckweed, Spirodela polyrrhiza in pratical diets for Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings. Journal of Applied Aquaculture 11(4), 83-92.

Fasakin EA, Balogun AM, Fasuru BE. 1999. Use of duckweed, Spirodela polyrrhiza L. Schleiden, as a protein feedstuff in pratical diets for tilapia Oreochromis niloticus L. Aquaculture Research 30(5), 313-318.

Fiogbe ED, Akitikpa B, Accodji J-MM. 2009. Essais de mise au point de formules alimentaires à base d’azolla (Azolla microphylla kaulf) et de sous-produits locaux pour la pisciculture rurale du tilapia Oreochromis niloticus L. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 3(2), 398-405.

Fitzsimmons K. 2000. Tilapia: The most important aquaculture species of the 21st century. In Fifth International Symposium on Tilapia Aquaculture. Rio de Janeiro 3-8.

Francis G, Makkar HPS, Becker K. 2001. Antinutritional factors present in plant-derived alternate fish feed ingredients and their effects in fish. Aquaculture 199, 197-227.

Gaigher IG, Porath D, Granoth G. 1984. Evaluation of duckweed (Lemna gibba) as feed for tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus X Oreochromis aureus) in a recirculating unit. Aquaculture 41, 235-244.

Gijzen HJ, Kondker M. 1997. An overview of the ecology, physiology, cultivation and application of duckweed inception report. Annex-1, literature review. Duckweed research project (DWRP). Dhaka, Bangladesh 53 pp.

Guillaume J. 1999. Formulation des aliments en aquaculture. In : Guillaume, J, Kaushik, S, Bergot, P. et Metailler, R, Eds. Nutrition et alimentation des poissons et des crustacés. Paris, France : INRA 379-395 pp.

Hêdji CC, Kpoguè GDNS, Houinato MR, Fiogbe ED. 2014. Valorisation de Azolla spp, Moringa oleifera, son de riz et de coproduits de volaille et de poisson en alimentation animale. Journal of Applied Biosciences 81, 7277-7289.

Heuz V, Tran G. 2015. Duckweed. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/15306.

Iga-Iga R. 2008. Contribution à la mise au point d’aliments pour tilapia Oreochromis niloticus à base d’intrants locaux : cas du Gabon Institut de Recherches Agronomiques et Forestières (IRAF). Mémoire de fin d’étude l’obtention du Master Sciences Agronomiques et Agroalimentaires Spécialité Sciences Halieutiques et Aquacoles Agro-Campus Ouest 43pp.

Leng RA, Stambolie JH, Bell R. 1995. Duckweed—A potential high-protein feed resource for domestic animals and fish. Livestock Resources for Rural Development. 7(1), 12 pp.

Lovell RT. 1991. Nutrition of aquaculture species. Journal of Animal Science 69(10), 4193-4200.

Mwale M, Gwaze FR. 2013. Characteristics of duckweed and its potential as feed source for chickens reared for meat production. Scientific Research and Essays 8(18), 689-697.

Richter N, Siddhuraju P, Becker K. 2003. Evaluation of nutritional quality of moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaves as an alternative protein source for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.). Aquaculture 217, 599-611.

Rodrigeuz SM, Olvera NMA, Carmona OC. 1996. Nutritional value of animal by product meal in pratical diets for Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L) fry. Aquaculture Research 27, 67-73.

Saville DJ. 1990. Multiple comparison procedures: the practical solution. American Statistic 44(2), 174-180.

Schouveller Y. 1996. Etude comparative de la croissance en rizières de deux variétés d’Oreochromis niloticus L (ISRAEL et GIFT) nourris avec ou sans Azolla. Mémoire pour le diplôme d’ingénieur Agronome (Section Tropicale). Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain – La- Neuve, Belgique 56 pp.

Setlikova I, Adamek Z. 2004. Feeding selectivity and growth of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) fed on temperate-zone aquatic macrophytes. Czech Journal of Animal Sciences 49(6), 271-278.

Siddhuraju P, Becker K. 2003. Comparative nutritional evolution of differentially processed mucuna seeds (Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. Var.utilis (Wall ex Wight) (Baker ex Burck) on growth performance, feed utilization and body composition in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.). Aquaculture Research 34, 487-500.

Skillicorn P, Spira W, Journey W. 1993. Duckweed aquaculture: a new aquatic farming system for developing countries. Washington, D.C. The World Bank 76 pp.

Talukdar MZH, Shahjahan M, Rahman MS. 2012. Suitability of duckweed (Lemna minor) as feed for fish in polyculture system. International Journal of Agricultural Research Innovation and Technology 2(1), 42-46.

Xiaolong Z, Hongyan C, Dawei W, Wei G, Xiao S, Jian C, Qinan W. 2018. Determination of Free Amino Acids in Three Species of Duckweed (Lemnaceae). Journal of Food Quality. Article ID 7673652, pp15.