Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2019

| Download 2

Variability and correlation study of different newly developed sunflower hybrids in Pakistan

Aftab Ashraf, RistinaSiti Sundari, Muhammad Asad, Mahmoodul Hasan, Huma Qamar, Muhammad Mudassar, Muhammad Umair Raza, Wajiha Anum, WaleedMumtaz Abbasi, Adnan Arshad

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.14(2), 397-406, February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.2.397-406


IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


Hybrids of sunflower are more stable and highly self-fertile with a high yield performance and greater uniformity at maturity. Hybrid genotypes have been found to be superior in terms of seed yield to their parental lines. This research intended to develop high-yielding cultivars to evaluate the comparative study for physiological, morphological and qualitative traits of sunflower hybrids. Data of various growth, developmental, agronomic and yield traits were recorded to quantify the response. Analysis of variance showed that the hybrids were significant in all the traits, except for head and stem diameters. The results regarding plant growth and yield characteristics showed that maximum achene yield 3444.3 kg ha-1was noted for the Hysun-33, while the minimum value of achene yield was noted for the SMH-1003 with plant height 1816 kg ha-1. The maximum stem girth was found for the SMH-1104 with the 25.43 cm, while the lowest value for the stem girth 19.7 cm was found for the SMH-1001. The maximum numbers of days to the flower completion was noted for the Hysun-33 with 93, while the minimum days to flower completion were found for the SMH-1006, i.e., 83 for the flower completion. The results regarding chemical attributes showed that the hybrid Hysun-33 was characterized by higher value of oil content (38.5%) and protein content (18.86%). While, on other hand NKS-278 showed maximum value for palmitic acid, oleic contents and linoleic acid. Further research permits the need to screen large number of hybrids-cultivars, their response to numerous growth and chemical parameters to minimize the yield losses under dryland conditions.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Variability and correlation study of different newly developed sunflower hybrids in Pakistan

Abdel-Motogally FMF, Osman EA. 2010. Effect of nitrogen and potassium fertilization combinations on productivity of two sunflower cultivars under east of Elewinate condition. American Eurasian Journal of Agriculture Environmental Sciences 4, 397. http://www.idosi.org/6.pdf

Anonymous, 2016. Economic Survey of Pakistan, Government of Pakistan Finance Division. Economic Adviser Wing, Islamabad.

Akhtar MR. 1985. Studies on growth and yield of five Sunflower cultivars planted on two different geometrical patterns. M. Sc. (Hons.) Thesis, Department of Agronomy-University of Agriculture Faisalabad Pakistan.

Allam AY, Galal AH. 1996. Effect of nitrogen fertilization and plant density on yield and quality of sunflower. Assiut Journal of Agricultural Sciences27, 169-177.

Al-Tabet SS. 2006. Effect of plant spacing and nitrogen levels on growth and yield of sunflower (Helianthus Annus L.). Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 19, 1-11.

Asad M, Mahmood Z, Rasheed M, Ramzan Anser MM. 2017. Efficacy of some selective herbicides against broad leaved weeds of wheat crop grown under moisture deficit conditions of Pakistan. Turkish Journal of Weed Science 20, 38-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjar/2017/30.4.346.355

Bakhat J, Ahmad S, Tariq M, Akbar H, Shaf M. 2006. Performance of various hybrids of sunflower in Peshawar valley. Journal of Agriculture Sciences 3, 25-29.

Beg A, Rana MA, Aslam M. 1984. Sunflower production practices. Programe Farming. 4, 14-19.

Boydak E, Karaaslan D, Turkoglu H. 2010.The effect of different nitrogen and irrigation levels on fatty acid composition of peanut oils. Turkish Journal of Field Crops 15, 29-33.

Bukhsh MAAHA, Iqbal J, Kaleem S, Wasaya A, Ishaque M. 2011. Qualitative analysis of spring planted sunflower hybrids as influenced by varying nutritional area. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 10, 291-295. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjn.2011.291.295

Habibullah H, Mehi SS, Anjum MA, Ahmad R. 2007. Genetic association and path analysis for oil yield in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 9, 359-361. http://dx.doi.org/1560–8530/2007/09–2–359–361

Haq S, Clay C, Darling G, Zimbitas G, Hodgson A. 2006. Growth of intact water ice on Ru (0001) between 140 and 160 K: Experiment and density-functional theory calculations. Physical Review B 73, 115414. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.73.115414

Habibullah H, MehiSS, Anjum MA, Ahmad R. 2007. Genetic association and path analysis for oil yield in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 9, 359-361.

Hussain M, Farooq MS, Basra MA, Ahmed N. 2006.Influence of seed priming techniques on the seedling establishment, yield and quality of hybrid sunflower. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 8, 14-18. http://dx.doi.org/1560–8530/2006/08–1–14–18

KasemMM, El-Mesiblby MA. 1992. Effect of rates and application treatment of N fertilizer on sunflower growth characters. Annals of Agricultural Sciences 30, 563-663.

Kaya Y, Atakisi IK. 2004. Combining ability analysis of some yield characters of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Helia 27, 75-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/HEL0441075Y

Mazhar M. 2005. Evaluation of comparative growth and yield performance on sunflower hybrids planted in autumn season. Msc(Hons) thesis, Department of agronomy University Agriculture Faisalabad.

Miralles D, Slafer G, Lynch V.1997. Rooting patterns in near-isogenic lines of spring wheat for dwarfism. Plant and Soil 197, 79-86.

Munir MA, Malik MA, Saleem MF. 2007. Impact of integration of crop manuring and nitrogen application on growth, yield and quality of spring planted sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Pakistan Journal of Botany 39, 441-449.

Nanjundappa G, Shivaraj B, Janarjuna S, Sridhara S. 2001. Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients applied alone or in combination on growth and yield of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Sciences, Bangalore, India 24, 115-119. http://dx.doi.org/633.854.78:631.89.895

Neto AR, RauenAM, Maurad Anna H, Ercilia A, Alves RMV. 2016. Environmental effect on sunflower oil quality. Journal of Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology 16, 197-204. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1984-70332016v16n3a30

Paradisi U. 1983. Sunflower variety trial in 1983.The coastal area of Marches. Field. Crop Absts38, 185- 186

Pirani V, Gatto A. 1995. Characteristics of some sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) hybridsin the course of being entered on the National Register of varieties. SementiElette 41, 27-30.

Premnath A, Narayana M, Ramakrishnan C, Kuppusamy S, Chockalingam V. 2016. Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling oil content, oleic acid and linoleic acid content in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Molecular Breeding 36, 1-7.

Razzaq AH. 2006. Determination of growth, yield and quality performance of different spring planted sunflower hybrid. MSc. (Hons.) Tesis, Department of Agronomy-University of Agriculture Faisalabad.

Roche J, Alignan M, Bouniols A, Cerny M, Mouloungi Z, Vear F, Merah O. 2010. Fatty acid profle composition in sunflower seeds as affected by genotypes and environmental conditions. Food Chemistry 121, 990-995.

Salehi F, Bahrani MJ. 2000. Sunflower summer-planting yield as affected by plant population and nitrogen application rates. Iran Agricultural Research19, 63-72.

Silove D, Sinnerbrink I, Field A, Manicavasagar V, Steel Z. 1997. Anxiety, depression and PTSD in asylum-seekers: assocations with pre-migration trauma and post-migration stressors. The British Journal of Psychiatry 170, 351-357.

Timirgaziu EC, Lupu G. 1989. Behaviour of some Sunflower Cultivars and hybrids under the pedo climate of Secuieni, Neamt Country Cercet. Agronomic research in Moldavia 22, 59-62.

Shahsavari E. 2010. Evaluation and optimizations of media on the tissue culture system of upland rice. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 12, 537-540. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB10.1925

Transparency Market Research. 2016. Sunflower Oil Market – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2017 – 2025. https://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/sunflower-oil-market.html.

Weiss EA. 2000. Oil seed Crops. 2nd ed. Blackwell Science. Oxford. 364.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background