Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | October 1, 2016

| Download 1

Variability of phytoplankton in the coastal waters of Visakhapatnam, Central east coast of India (Bay of Bengal) with special reference to environmental parameters

I. Nageswara Rao, R. Ratna Kumari, V. Lakshmana Rao, I. V. Sreeharsha, G. Grace, K. Jyothi

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.9(4), 73-86, October 2016


JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]


In the present study, seasonal distribution of species composition, cell abundance of phytoplankton and statistical data of hydrography and nutrients in the coastal waters along the Visakhapatnam coast were analysed. This survey carried out in 4 stations (Fishing harbor, Lawsens bay, Rushi hills and Bheeminipatnam) during premonsoon and post monsoon in 2011. Totally 110 species of phytoplankton were identified. Maximum phytoplankton population was recorded in pre monsoon at Fishing harbor and minimum were observed at Rushi hills during post monsoon. The diversity indices were calculated for the four study sites. The hydrographical parameters such as temperature, pH, salinity and dissolved oxygen along with the nutrient content of NO2, NO3,NH3,PO4 and SiO4were carried out in both surface and bottom waters during the study period.  Hydrographical parameters were correlated with nutrients by Pearson Correlation Matrix, showed Chl a is negatively correlated with temperature, pH, salinity, ammonia and positive correlation with dissolved oxygen, nitrites, nitrates, phosphates and silicates.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Variability of phytoplankton in the coastal waters of Visakhapatnam, Central east coast of India (Bay of Bengal) with special reference to environmental parameters

Ahlgren G, Van Nieuwerburgh L, Wanstrand I,  Pedersen M,  Snoeijs P. 2005. Imbalance of fatty acids in the base of the Baltic Sea food web–amesocosm study. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences  62, 2240–2253.

APHA. 2005. Standard methods for the examination of water and waste waters, 21st Ed. Washington, DC. USA.

APHA. 1992. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC. 522p.

Azov Y. 1986. Seasonal patterns of phytoplankton productivity and abundance in nearshore oligotrophic waters of the Levant Basin (Mediterranean). Journal Of Plankton Research 8, 41–53.

Besiktepe ST, Sur HI, Ozsoy E, Abdul Latif MA, Oguz T, Unluata U. 1995. The circulation and hydrography of the Marmara Sea. Progress in Oceanography 34, 285–334.

BhanuPrakash M, Jyothi K, Rao GMN. 2014. Seasonal variations of phytoplankton community structure in relation to Physico-chemical factors in Lake Kolleru, Andhra Pradesh, India.  Journal of  Algal Biomass Utilization  5 (3), 1 – 7.

Caroppo C.  Cardellicchio N. 1995. Preliminary study on phytoplankton communities of Mar Piccolo in Taranto (Jonian Sea). Oebalia  21, 61–76.

Damotharan P, VengadehPerumal N, Arumugam M, Vijayalakshmi S, Balasubramnian T. 2010. Seasonal variation of physicochemical characteristics in point Calimere coastal waters (South East Coast of India). Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 6(4), 333-339.

Desikachary TV. 1989. Atlas of Diatoms. Madras Science Foundation, Madras. 809.

Desikachary TV. 1959. Cyanophyta. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. 686.

Edward JKP,  Ayyakkannu K. 1991.Studies on the ecology of plankton Community of Kollidam estuary, South-east coast of India, I. Phytoplankton Mahasagar-Bulletin of National Institute of Oceanography 24, 89–97.

Grasshoff K, Ehrharrot M, Kremling, K. 1983.Methods for Seawater Analysis. Verlag. Chemic. Weinheim, 419.

Govindaraju M, Kumar P, Selvaraj M, Rajina C. 2011. Study on Physico-Chemical Parameters along the Coastal Waters around Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant. International Journal of Oceans and Oceanography 5(1), 73-83.

Gouda R, Panigrahy RC. 1996. Ecology of phytoplankton in coastal waters off Gopalpur, east coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine  Sciences 2, 13–18.

Jaccard P. 1902. Lois de distribution florale.  Bulletin de la Socíeté Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 38, 67-130.

Jeffrey SW, Humphrey GF. 1975. New spectrophotometric equations for determining chlorophylls a, b, c1 and c2 in higher plants, algae and natural phytoplankton. Biochem  Physiol  Pflanzen  167, 191-194.

Jyothi K, Rao GMN. 2013. Seasonal Distribution of Phytoplankton in Riwada Reservoir, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India. Notulae Scientia Biologicae  5(3), 290-295.

Koray T. 1994. Phytoplankton species succession, diversity and nutrients in neritic waters of the Aegean Sea (Bay of Izmir). Turkish Journal of  Botany 19, 531–544.

Kudela RM, Peterson TD. 2009. Influence of a buoyant river plume on phytoplankton nutrient dynamics: what controls standing stocks and productivity? Journal of Geophysical. Research 114, 15.

Lohse KA, Brooks PD, McIntosh JC, Meixner T, Huxman TE.2009. Interactions Between Biogeochemistry and Hydrologic Systems. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 34, 65-96.

Nagamani PV, Rajesh Shikhakolli,  Prakash Chauhan. 2011. Phytoplankton Variability in the Bay of Bengal During Winter Monsoon Using Oceansat-1 Ocean Colour Monitor Data. Journal of the Indian Society of the Remote Sensing 39(1), 117-126.

Nayar S, Goh BPL, Chou LM. 2005. Settlement of marine periphytic algae in a tropical estuary. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 64(2-3), 241-248.

Neslihan Balkis. 2003. Seasonal variations in the phytoplankton and nutrient dynamics in the neritic water of Buyukçekmece Bay, Sea of Marmara. Journal of Plankton Research 25(7), 703-717.

Panigrahi SN, Acharya BC, Das SN. 2004. Distribution of diatoms and dinoflagellatesin tropical waters of Orissa and West Bengal with emphasis on neritic assemblages. Proceedings of National Seminar, New Frontiers in Marine Bioscience Research  535–543p. 

Reddy V, Mavrovouniotis M, Liebman M. 1993. Petri net representations in metabolic pathways. In L. Hunter, editor, Proceedings of the first international conference on intelligent systems for molecular biology. MIT Press.

Saravanakumar A, Rajkumar M, Thivakaran GA. 2008. Abundance and seasonal variations of zooplankton in the arid and zone mangrove of Gulf of Kachchh Gujarat. Journal of  Environmental Biology  29, 71–274.

Saravanane N, Nandakumar K, Durairaj G. 2000. Plankton as indicators of coastal water bodies during south-west to north-east monsoon transition at Kalpakkam. Current  Science 78(2), 173–176.

Sigua GC, Tweedale WA. 2003. Watershed scale assessment of nitrogen and phosphorus loadings in the Indian River Lagoon basin, Florida. Journal of Environmental Management 67(4), 363-372.

Shannon CE, Weaver W. 1949. The mathematical theory of communication. University of Illinois Pres, Urbana.

Simpson EH. 1949. Measurement of diversity. Nature 163-688.

Sridhar R, Thangaradjou T, Senthil Kumar S. 2006. Water quality and phytoplankton characteristics in the Palk Bay, southeast coast of India. Journal of Environmental Biology 27, 561–566. 

Smith GM. 1950. The fresh-water algae of the  United States, IInd Ed. McGraw-Hill book com. Inc. New York.

Strickland JDH, Parsons TRA. 1972. Practical Handbook of Seawater Analysis.2nd ed. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 310p.

Tomas C. 1997. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. Academic Press, San Diego. 856p.

Uslu, O Saner E. 1998. Izmir’de atıksu yonetimi ve korfezde kirlenme kontrolü. Buyukşehirlerde atıksu yonetimi ve deniz kirlenmesi kontrolu sempozyumu. ISKI, 93–107p.

Welch PS. 1948. Limnology methods, Mc Graw Hill Book Co. Inc. New York.

Zettler ML, Bochert R, Pollehne F. 2009. Macrozoobenthos diversity in an oxygen minimum zone off northern Namibia. Marine Biology 156(9), 1949-1961.

Zingone A, Montresor M, Marino D. 1990. Summer phytoplankton physiognomy in coastal waters of the Gulf of Naples. Marine Ecology 11, 157–172.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background