Variation of Palynomorphological and pollen production of some invasive plant species of Asteraceae family in conservation areas of tropical rain forest, West Sumatra, Indonesia

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2018
Views (276) Download (14)

Variation of Palynomorphological and pollen production of some invasive plant species of Asteraceae family in conservation areas of tropical rain forest, West Sumatra, Indonesia

Syamsuardi, Wella Yuranti, Nurainas
J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 4), 139-145, April 2018.
Certificate: JBES 2018 [Generate Certificate]


Some conservation areas in tropical forests of West Sumatra have been invaded by some invasive plants species from family Asteraceae. Characterization and pollen production of these plants are very useful to identify and clarify their invasiveness. This paper analyzed the ability of twelve invasive plants in producing the pollens, as determinant agents of reproductive biology. The results of the pollen analysis showed that the pollen number per flower among invasive plants species were varied from 389 ± 14 in Tridax procumbens L. to 3739 ± 105 in Mikania micrantha Kunth. Most of species studied (92%) were produced the high pollen numbers that implied the xenogamous pollination system while T. procumbens produced the small number of pollen. There were variations in shape, ornamentation, and aperture of the pollen of twelve invasive plants studied. Three types of pollen shape were detected, i.e. Oblate-spheroidal shape (Ageratum conyzoides (L) L., Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore, Elepanthopus mollis L., Elepanthopus tmentosus L. and T. procumbens), spheroidal shape (Clibadium surinamense L.) and prolate-spheroidal shape (Erigeron sumatrensis Retz., Austroeupatorium inulaefolium (Kunth.) R. M. King. & H. Rob., M. micrantha, Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski. Acmella paniculata Wall. ex DC. R. K. Jansen and Vernonia sinerea (L.) Lex.. The pollen surface of all species studied covered with spines. Two types of ornamentation were detected in the invasive plant studied, i,e, lophate type in E. mollis, E. tomentosus.and V. sinerea and echinate type in others nine invasive plant species studied.


Adekanmbi OH. 2009. Pollen grains of Asteraceae and analogous echinate grains. International Journal of Botany 5, 295-300.

Cruden RW. 1977. Pollen-Ovule ratio: a conservative indicator of breeding system in flowering plants. Evolution 31, 32-46.

Dangremond EM, Pardini EA, Knight TM. 2010. Apparent competition with an invasive plant hastens the extinction of an endangered lupine. Ecology 91, 2261–2271.

De Souza MA, Mendonca CBF, Esteves RL, Goncalves-Esteves V. 2016. Pollen morphology of species of Graphistylis B. Nord. (Asteraceae) of Brazil. Acta Botanica Brasilica 30, 138-146.

Ghazoul J. 2005. Pollen and seed dispersal among dispersed plants. Biological Review 80, 413–443.

Goodell K, Parker IM. 2017. Invasion of a dominant floral resource, effects on the floral community and pollination of native plants Ecology 98, 57–69.

Halbritter H, Weber M, Zetter R, Frosch-Radivo A, Buchner R, Hesse M. 2008. PalDat-ilustrated handbook on pollen terminology. Vienna.

Hodač L, Ulum F B, Opfermann N, Breidenbach N, Hojsgaard D, Tjitrosoedirdjo SS, Vornam B, Finkeldey, Hörandl L. 2016. Population genetic structure and reproductive strategy of the Introduced grass Centotheca lappacea in tropical land use systems in Sumatra. PLOS ONE 1-19.

Huang YL, Chen S, Kao WY. 2012. Floral biology of Bidens pilosa var. Radiata, an invasive plant in Taiwan. Botanical Studies 53, 501-507.

Lowe S, Browne M, Boudjelas S, De Poorter M. 2004. 100 of the world’s worst Invasive alien species a selection from the GISD (ISSG) a specialist group of the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the World Conservation Union (IUCN).

Mander LM, Li W, Mio C, Fowlkes, Punyasena SW. 2013. Classification of grass pollen through the quatitative analysis of surface ornamentation and texture. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 1-7.

Molano-Flores B. 2014. An invasive plant species decreases native plant reproductive success. Natural Areas Journal 34, 465-469.

Peternel R, Milanovic SM, Srnec L. 2008. Airborne, Ragweed (Ambrosia artemisifolia L.) pollent content in the city of Zagreb and implications of pollen allergy. Ann. Agric. Environ. Med 15, 125-130.

Philbrick T, Riesberg LH. 1994. Pollen Production in the androdioecious Datisca glomerata (Datiscaceae): Implications for breeding system equilibrium. Plant Species Biology 9, 43–46.

Robinson H, Skvarla JJ. 2014. Pantoporate pollen in the Asteraceae (Vernonieae). Phytokeys 38, 1-13.

Sannier J, Baker WJ, Anstett MC, Nadot S. 2009. A comparative analysis of pollinator type and pollen ornamentation in the Araceae and Arecaceae, two unrelated families of the monocots. BMC Research Note 2, 2-11

Syamsuardi, Nurainas, Yuranti W, Yulianti W, Usman S. 2016. Floristic analysis of alien invasive plant species at some conservation areas in tropical forest of West Sumatra. Der Pharmacia Lettre 8, 237-245.

Wortley AH, Blackmore S, Chissoe WF, Skvarla JJ. 2012. Recent advances in Compositae (Asteraceae) palinology, with emphasis on previously unstudied and unplaced taxa. Grana 51, 158-179.

Wortley AH, Funk VA, Skvarla JJ. 2008. Pollen and evolution of Arctotideae (Compositae). Bot. Rev 94, 438-466.

Wyatt R. 1983. Pollinator plants interaction and the evolution of breeding system. Department of Botany. University of Georgia Athens.

Yang H, Zhang R, Song P, Zhou Z. 2017. The floral biology, breeding system and pollination efficiency of Schima superba Gardn. et Champ. (Theaceae). Forest 8, 1-12.

Zhang WX, Zhao MM, Fun JJ, Zhou T, Chen YX, Cao FL. 2017. Study on relationship between pollen exine ornamentation pattern and germplasm evolution in flowering crabapple. Scientific reports 7, 39759, 1-11.