Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | March 1, 2015

VIEWS 1
| Download 2

Variations in aerial mycobiota of archeological sites of taxila, Pakistan

Muhammad Farooq, Mukhtiar Hassan, Farzana Gul, Sohail, Inayat Ur Rahman, Muhammad Afzal, Noor Saeed Khattak, Faisal Nouroz, Zafar Iqbal

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.6(3), 65-72, March 2015

Certification:

JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The transportation of air borne fungal spores to the surface of archeological monuments is very significant step in the process of biodeterioration. The present study was designed to isolate the aerial mycobiota from six world heritage sites of Taxila. The fungal spores were trapped by petri plate gravitational method and three culture media malt extract agar, potato dextrose agar and czapek dox agar were used. A total of 30 fungal species belonging to 19 different genera were recorded through out the year. The quantitative analysis of data revealed that Alternaria alternata with 9.79% of total colonies was the dominant species in the air of selected sites followed by Aspergillus niger (9.10%), Cladosporium herbarum (8.02%), Penicillium chrysogenum (7.53%), Fusarium oxysporum (6.94%), Aspergillus flavus (6.73%), Aspergillus fumigatus (6.0%), Penicillium frequentans (4.68%), Cladosporium cladosporioides (3.85%), Alternaria solani (3.78%), Mucor mucedo (3.50%) and Helminthosporium solani (3.40%). The qualitative analysis of isolated fungal species clearly indicated a well marked variation in the composition of aerial mycobiota of selected sites as some fungal species were restricted to particular archaeological sites. The present investigation is first study of aerial mycobiota of world fame archaeological sites of Taxila.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Variations in aerial mycobiota of archeological sites of taxila, Pakistan

Aira MJ, Jato V, Stchigel AM, Rodriguez-Rajo FJ. Piontelli E. 2007. Aeromycological study in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela (Spain). International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 60, 231-237.

Anna MP, Marinella R. 2000. Air-borne fungi as biocontaminants at two Milan Underground stations. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 45(1-2), 43-47.

Asan A, Burhan S, Sarica S. 2002. Airborne fungi in urban air of Edirne city (Turkey). Biologia 57, 59-68.

Bock E, Sand W. 1993. The Microbiology of Masonry biodeterioration. Journal Applied Bacteriology 74, 503-514.

Burford EP, Fomina M, Gadd GM. 2003. Fungal involvement in bioweathering and biotransformation of rocks and minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 67, 1127- 1155.

Cooke WB. 1963. A laboratory guide to fungi in polluted waters, sewage, and sewage treatment systems; their identification and culture. PHS Publ., 999-WP-l., Cincinnati.

Crook B, Burton, NC. 2010. Indoor moulds, sick building syndrome and building related illness. Fungal Biology Review 24, 1-8.

Domsch KH, Gams W, Anderson TH. 2007. Compendium of soil fungi.2nd ed, IHW-VERLAG, Eching. Germany, pp.672.

El-Hissy FT, Khallili AM, El-Naghy, MA. 1991. Mycoflora of water pools in the vicinity of some ancient Pharaonic temples in Upper Egypt. Journal of Islamic Academy of Science 4(4), 293-296.

Gadd GM, Sayer GM. 2000. Fungal transformations of metals and metalloids In: D.R. Lovely, (Ed.), Environmental Micro-Metal Interactions. pp 237-256. American Society for Microbiology, Washington.

Maggi O, Persiani AM, Gallo F, Valenti P, Pasquariello G, Sclocchi C, Scorrano M. 2000. Airborne fungal spores in dust present in Archives: Proposal for detection method, new for archival materials. Aerobiologia 16, 429-434.

Maghazy SMN, Abdel-Zaher HMA, Gendy ZKH. 2012. Indoor Aero mycobiota of Monumental sites in Minia Governorate. Journal of Basic and Applied Mycology 3, 49-59.

Maria PDB, Maddalena DG, Paola C, Claudia E, Aldo L. 1999. Microbial formation of oxalate films on monuments surface. Bioprotection or biodeterioration. Geomicrobiology 16(1), 55-64.

Martino E, Pandi L, Fenoglio I, Bonfate P, Perotto S, Fubini B. 2003. Soil fungal hyphae bind and attack asbestos fibers. Angewandte Chemie 42, 219-22.

Nicoleta I, Dorina T. 2009. Aeromycoflora in outdoor environment of Timisoara city. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 1(1), 21-28.

Nilson S. 1983. Atlas of Airborne fungal spores in Europe. Springer/Verlog, Berlin.

Nugari MP. 2003. The Aerobiology applied to the conservation of works of art. Session 5-Biohazard in Restoration 6(2), 8-9.

Pandey AK, Archana S, Preeti B, Sarsaiya S, Awasthi MK. 2011. Diversity of Monuments causing fungi at Gwalior Fort (M.P.) India. Annals of Environmental Science 5, 35-40.

Pandey KW. 1988. Dynamics of air mycoflora over ragi field at Almara. Indian journal of Mycology and plant pathology 18(22), 200-201.

Shah MH, Bashir U. 2008. Airborne mycoflora of Rohtas Fort. Mycopath 6(1&2), 71-73.

Simonovicova A, Godyova M, Jaroslav S. 2004. Airborne and soil microfungi as contaminants of stone in hypogean cemetery. Inter. Biodeter. Biodegr 54(1), 7- 11.

Sterflinger K. 2010. Fungi: their role in deterioration of archaeological heritage. Fungal Biology Review 24, 47-55.

Urzi C, De-Leo F, Paola S, Crisco G. 2001. Air – borne fungal spores colonizing marbles exposed in the terrace of Messina Museum, Sicily. Aerobiologia 17(1), 11-17.

Wanfu W, Xu M, Yantian M, Lin M, Fast W, Xiaojun M, Lizhe A Huyuan F. 2010. Seasonal dynamics of air borne funi in different caves of the Mogao Grottoes Dunhang, China. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad 64(6), 461-466.

Zherebyateva TV, Lebedeva EV, Karvaiko GI. 1991. Microbial corrosion of concretes structures of hydraulic facilities. Geomicrobiology Journal 9, 113-127.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background