Vegetative propagation technologies using stem and root cuttings of Paulownia (P. fortunei and P. elongata) tree species for mass production

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2021
Views (503) Download (53)

Vegetative propagation technologies using stem and root cuttings of Paulownia (P. fortunei and P. elongata) tree species for mass production

Anthony Antwi-Wiredu, Patience Mansa Gakpetor, Reginald Tang Guuroh, Ebenezer Ofori and Daniel Aninagyei Ofori
J. Bio. Env. Sci.18( 4), 67-76, April 2021.
Certificate: JBES 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Paulownia is a multipurpose tree with high-quality wood features including machining qualities, rot resistance, fast growth, a good tree form, high yield, light wood weight and good potential for plantation and agroforestry. In 2012, Paulownia was introduced into Ghana under the FC/Industry plantations project for field trials at Asenanyo and Pra-Anum Forest Reserves. Recent field assessment depicted their inability to produce viable seeds for propagation. Thus, vegetative propagation techniques were investigated to possibly produce high-quality planting materials for large scale Paulownia (P. elongata and P. fortunei) plantations. Root and stem plant materials were collected from Pra-Anum Forest Reserve. They were treated with 0.0% (control), 0.1%, and 0.3% Indole-3-Butyric Acid (IBA) levels and planted in polyethylene bags filled with loamy soils and kept under shade. Root cuttings were planted horizontally in a 2×3 factorial design with 10 cuttings per treatment replicated 4 times. Stem (bi-nodal leafless hardwood) cuttings were vertically planted in 2×4 factorial design, 10 cuttings per treatment at 3 replications. A completely randomized design (CRD) was used. The root cuttings of both species survived irrespective of IBA levels. A significant variation (P≤0.05) was observed in the survival rate (over 75%), sprouting and rooting abilities. The stem cuttings were not successful, though, they developed shoots and leaves at the initial stages. In conclusion, vegetative propagation of Paulownia particularly, root cutting is possible for the multiplication of planting materials for plantation establishment. It is ill-advised to use lignified brown stem/ hardwood cuttings for the propagation of Paulownia.


Antwi-Wiredu A, Amiteye S, Diawuoh RG, Klu GYP. 2018. Ex Vitro propagation of rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) using stem cuttings, International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (IJEAB) 3(3), 846.

Bergmann BA, Moon HK. 1997. In vitro adventitious shoot production in Paulownia, Plant Cell Reports 16, 315-319.

Brammer H. 1962. Soils. In: Wills, J. B., ed. Agriculture and land use in Ghana, Ministry of Agriculture, Accra, Ghana. London, UK, Oxford University Press 84-114.

Carpenter SB. 1977. This “Princess” heals disturbed land. American Forestry 83, 22-23.

Danciu A, Vlădut V, Grigore I, Sorică C, Cristea MA, Muscalu A, Pruteanu A, Marin E, Usenko M. 2016. Considerations on the Importance of the Paulownia Trees Planting, ANNALS of Faculty Engineering Hunedoara– International Journal of Engineering 4, 73-80.

Dick JMcP, Leakey RRB. 2006. Differentiation of the dynamic variables affecting rooting ability in juvenile and mature cuttings of cherry (Prunus avium), Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 81(2), 296-302.

Drvodelić D. 2018. Propagation of Paulownia by root cuttings. Šumarski List No 5(6), 297, 307.

Forest Inventory Project FIP. 1989. Forest inventory project report: Pra-Anum Forest Reserve. Ghana Forestry Department, Kumasi, Ghana and the Overseas Development Administration, London, U.K.

Ghana Statistical Service GSS. 2014. Population and housing census, district analytical report, Ejisu-Juaben Municipality.

Haissig BE. 1986. New Root Formation in Plants and Cuttings, M.B. Jackson (Ed.), Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht 141.

Hall JB., Swaine MD. 1981. Distribution and ecology of vascular plants in a tropical rain forest: Forest vegetation in Ghana. Geobotany. Junk Publishers, The Hague, 383 pp.

Johnson DV. 2000. Use of Paulownia for Forest Plantations in the Leon Region of Nicaragua, Nicaragua Agriculture Reconstruction Assistance Program, International Inc. United States Agency for International Development Managua, Nicaragua.

Ky-Dembele C, Tigabu M, Bayala J, Savadogo P, Boussim IJ, Odén PC. 2010. Clonal propagation of Detarium microcarpum from root cuttings. Silva Fennica 44(5), 775-786.

Leakey RRB. 1985. The capacity for vegetative propagation in trees. In: Cannell, M.G.R.; Jackson, J. E., (eds.). Attributes of trees as crop plants. Abbotts Ripton, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology 110-133.

Maile N, Nieuwenhuis M. 2010. Vegetative propagation of Eucalyptus nitens using stem cuttings. South African Forestry Journal 175, 29–34.

Salkić B, Salkić A, Keran H, Noćajević S, Salkić E, Imširović E. 2018. Production of Seedlings of Fast – Growth Tree of Paulownia elongata S. Y. Hu. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science 25(1), 1-8, 2018.

Snedden J, Landhäusser SM, Lieffers VJ, Charleson LR. 2010. Propagating Trembling aspen from root cuttings: impact of storage length and phenological period of root donor plants. New Forests 39(2), 169-182.

Stenvall N, Haapala T, Pulkkinen P. 2006. The role of a root cutting’s diameter and location on the regeneration ability of hybrid aspen. Forest Ecology and Management 237(1-3), 150-155.

Stenvall N, Piisilä M, Pulkkinen P. 2009. Seasonal fluctuation of root carbohydrates in hybrid aspen clones and its relationship to the sprouting efficiency of root cuttings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39(8), 1531–1537.

Wang Q, Shogren JF. 1992. Characteristics of the crop-Paulownia system in China, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 39,145-152.

Zhu ZH, Chao CJ, Lu XY, Xiong YG. 1986. Paulownia in China: cultivation and utilization by the Chinese Academy of Forestry Staff, Asian Network for Biological Sciences and International Development Research Centre.

Zimmerman RH. 1976. Juvenility in woody perennials. Acta Horticulture 56, 3-317. (Proc. International Society for Horticultural Science Symposium, Maryland and West Berlin, 1975).