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Vehicular air pollution: Human health in urbanized Cities with emphasis on Quetta, Pakistan

Review Paper | January 1, 2020

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Muhammad Ibrahim, Sehrish Noor, Lawang Gurgnari, Hafiz Muhammad Arif, Dad Muhammad Anwar, Abdul Nasir, Ashiq Hussain, Muhammad Din Mandokheil

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.16( 1), 134-140, January 2020


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Vehicular air pollution is recognized as the major source of air pollution contributing 40-80% of the total air pollution affecting human health directly or indirectly. The drastic climate change owing to the expanding economic activities in the mega cities of the developing world have compromised human health, causing around 7 million premature deaths with larger number of hospitalization cases. Vehicular exhaust has become the main source of air pollution emitting carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, and particulate matter. It is very important to have depth knowledge about urbanization and human biology for analyzing the adverse effects of environmental pollution on human health. Current review highlights major vehicular air pollutants and the resulting human ailments including, respiratory, cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric disorders demonstrating the state of research regarding the significance of vehicular air pollution in the urban cities and its impact on human health. Quetta is the main capital city of Balochistan Province but with poor urban planning. This study urges to draw the attention of high ups to construct environment friendly policy in all new housing schemes and also implement strict rules in major cities to improve the standard of life.


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Vehicular air pollution: Human health in urbanized Cities with emphasis on Quetta, Pakistan

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