Vermicomposts improve yields and seeds quality of Lagenaria siceraria in Côte d’Ivoire

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/03/2016
Views (251) Download (21)

Vermicomposts improve yields and seeds quality of Lagenaria siceraria in Côte d’Ivoire

Sifolo S. Coulibaly, Jérôme E. Tondoh, Kouadio I. Kouassi, N. Barsan, V. Nedeff, Bi I.A. Zoro
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.8( 3), 26-37, March 2016.
Certificate: IJAAR 2016 [Generate Certificate]


Among organic amendments, compost is well known for its effectiveness on agricultural productivity increase but little is diffused about vermicompost efficacy. The present study aimed to evaluate the benefits of vermicompost from animal wastes on Lagenaria siceraria productivity and its seeds quality compared to compost. Thus, a field experiment was carried out under randomized complete block design with three replicates in Côte d’Ivoire by using compost and vermicompost as fertilizers. The agronomic parameters as “time of fruits maturity, number of fruits per plant, weigh of fruit, yield and heavy metal contents in the seeds were evaluated. For a same type of waste, shorter time to maturity, larger number of fruits per plant, larger number of seeds per fruit, heavier fruits and seeds and higher yields were obtained with vermicompost compared to compost. Heavy metals contents in seeds from vermicomposts were lower than those from composts with the same type of waste. Contents of heavy metals in the seeds from plots that received vermicomposts were all below the maximum residue limits recommended by the Codex Alimentarius. Our results indicated that vermicompost improved more the yield of L. siceraria and its seeds quality compared to compost, and hence could be recommended to peasants rather than compost.


Achigan-Dako EG, Fagbemissi R, Avohou HT, Vodouhe RS, Coulibaly O, Ahanchede A. 2008. Importance and practices of Egusi crops (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai, Cucumeropsis mannii Naudinand Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. cv. ‘Aklamkpa’) in sociolinguistic areas in Benin. Biotechnol. Agronomie, Société et Environment 12(4), 393-403.

Achu MB, Fokou E, Kansci G, Fotso M. 2013. Chemical evaluation of protein quality and phenolic compound levels of some cucurbitaceae oilseeds from Cameroon. African Journal of Biotechnology 12(7), 736-743.

Adriano DC. 1986. Trace elements in the terrestrial environment. New York (USA): Springer-Verlag, 531 p.

Baker DE, Senft JP. 1995. Copper. In Alloway BJ (Ed) Heavy metals in soils. Blackie London (UK): Academic & Professional, 224-243 p.

Bisson M, Hulot C, Lacroix G, Lefèvre JP, Magaud H, Oberson D, Geneste R, Morin A, Pépin G. 2003. Fiche de données toxicologiques et environnementales des substances chimiques: le Plomb et ses dérivées. INERIS (France), 90 p.

Catello P, Palese AM, Celano G, Zaccardelli M. 2014. Effects of compost tea treatments on productivity of lettuce and kohlrabi systems under organic cropping management. Italian Journal of Agronomy 9(3), 153-156.

Chimonyo VGP, Modi AT. 2013. Seed performance of selected bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.). American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 3(4), 740-766.

Coulibaly SS, Kouassi KI, Tondoh EJ, Zoro Bi IA. 2014. Impact of the population size of the earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg) on the stabilization of animal wastes during vermicomposting. Philippines Journal of Agricultural Scientist 94(4), 88-95.

Coulibaly SS, kouassi KI, Tondoh EJ, Zoro Bi IA. 2014. Influence of the population size of the earthworm Eudrilus eugeniae on the heavy metal content reduction during vermicomposting of animal wastes. Applied Science Reports 7(2), 96-103.

Djiakariya C. 2004. Analyse thématique des données du Recensement Nationale de l’Agriculture 2001: secteur des ressources animales. Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire), 28 pages.

Doan TT, Henry-des-Tureaux T, Rumpel C, Janeau JL, Jouquet P. 2015. Impact of compost, vermicompost and biochar on soil fertility, maize yield and soil erosion in Northern Vietnam: A three year mesocosm experiment. Science of Total Environment 514, 147-154.

Edeoga HO, Osuagwu GGE, Omosun G, Mbaebie BO, Osuagwu AN. 2010. Pharmaceutical and therapeutical potential of some wild Cucurbitaceae species from South-East Nigeria. Recent Research in Science and Technology 2 (1), 63-68.

Ehab AI, Ahmed EA. 2015. Effect of Soil Amendments on Growth, Seed Yield and NPK Content of Bottle Gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) Grown in Clayey Soil. International Journal of Soil Science 10(4), 186-194.

El Hassani TA, Persoons E. 1994. Agronomie moderne: bases physiologiques et agronomiques de la production végétale. Torino (Italie): Hatier-Aupelf-Uref; 275 p.

FAO. 1980. Les engrais et leurs applications. Rome (Italie): FAO, 51 pages.

Feller C, Blanchart E, Bernoux M, Lal R, Manlay R. 2012. Soil fertility concepts over the past two centuries: the importance attributed to soil organic matter in developed and developing countries. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 58, 3-21.

Hartmann M, Frey B, Mayer J, Mäder P, Widmer F. 2014. Distinct soil microbial diversity under long-term organic and conventional farming. International Society of Microbial Ecology 14, 1-18.

Jean-Charles L, Thierry G, Philippe V, Jean-Luc V. 2005. Etude de l’alimentation totale française:Mycotoxines, minéraux et éléments traces. Paris (France): INRA/INAP-G, 72 p.

Juste C, Chassin P, Gomez A, Linères M, Mocquot B, Feix I, Wiart J. 1995. Les micro-polluants métalliques dans les boues résiduaires des stations d’épuration urbaines: Valorisation agricole des boues d’épuration. Paris (France): ADEMEINRA, 209 p.

Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H. 1992. Trace elements in soils and plants, London (UK): CRC Press, 365 p.

Khan SA, Mulvaney RL, Ellsworth TR. 2013. The potassium paradox: Implications for soil fertility, crop production and human health. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 29(1), 3-27.

Kouakou KJ. 2009. Etude des métaux traces (Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni) dans les sols et les produits maraîchers de deux sites d’agriculture dans la ville d’Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire). Thèse de Doctorat: Université d’Abobo-Adjamé, Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire), 126 p.

Kumar R, Merasenla A, Kumawat N. 2014. Enhancing crops productivity and profitability through using of organic fertilizers. Popular Kheti 2(2), 218-221.

Lal R. 2005. Soil erosion and carbon dynamics. Soil Tillage Research 81, 137–142.

Lal R. 2008. Soils and sustainable agriculture. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 28, 57–64.

Li L, Xu Z, Wu J, Tian G. 2010. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the earthworms Eisenia fetida in relation to bioavailable metal concentrations in pig manure. Bioresource Technology 101, 3430-3436.

Liu CH, Liu Y, Fan C, Kuang SZ. 2013. The effects of composted pineapple residue return on soil properties and the growth and yield of pineapple. Journal of Soil Science and plant Nutrition 13(2), 433-444.

Loukou AL, Lognay G, Baudoin JP, Kouamé PL, Zoro Bi IA. 2013. Effects of fruit maturity on oxidative stability of Lagenaria siceraria (molina) standl. seed oil extracted with hexane. Journal of Food Biochemistry 37(4), 475–484.

Maroyi A. 2013. Use of weeds as traditional vegetables in Shurugwi district, Zimbabwe. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9, 60-67.

Menpara D, Desai D, Rathod T, Chanda S. 2014. Evaluation of nutraceutical bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) as a potential source of natural antimicrobial agent. American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutic 2(3), 375-389.

Muhammad  A,  Rahila  N.  2013.  A  review  of pharmacognostical, phytochemical and pharmacological properties of Lagenaria siceraria: A miracle herb. International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research 04(05), 266-274.

Natsheh B. Mousa S. 2014. Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers application on soil and Cucumber (Cucumis Sativa L.) plant productivity. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 4, 166-170.

Najar IA, Khan AB, Hai A. 2015. Effect of macrophyte vermicompost on growth and productivity of brinjal (Solanum melongena) under field conditions. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture 4, 73–83.

Ndegwa PM, Thompson SA. 2001. Integrating composting and vermicomposting of the treatment and bioconversion of biosolids. Bioresource Technology 76, 107-112.

Ogunbusola ME, Fagbemi NT, Osundahunsi FO. 2013. Production and evaluation of imitation yogurt and ice cream using Lagenaria siceraria protein isolates. Journal of Food chemistry and Nutrition 1(2), 62-66.

SAS. 1999. User’s Guide, Version 6, fourth Ed. SAS Inst.Cary, NC, 501 p.

Sharma PSP, Sharma DG. 2014. Effects of continuous use of chemical fertilizers and manure on soil Fertility and productivity of maize–wheat under rainfed conditions of the Western Himalayas. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 45 (20), 2647-2659.

Sharma SK, Rajeesh P, Ajay J, Sharma MP, Sharma A, Bohra S, Gupta YK, Saraya A, Dwivedi S, Gupta KC, Prasad M, Pandey J, Dohroo Netar PNT, Sesikeran B, Dorle AK, Tandon N, Handa SS, Toteja GS, Rao S, Satyanarayana K, Katoch VM. 2012. Assessment of effects on health due to consumption of bitter bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) juice. Indian Journal of Medicine Research 135(1), 49–55.

Suthar S. 2007. Vermicomposting potential of Perionyx sansibaricus (Perrier) in different waste materials. Bioresource Technology 98, 1231-1237.

Taffouo VD, Braconnier S, Kenn M, NDongoD, Priso JR, Djiotié NL, Ako A. 2008. Physiological and agronomical charateristics in Citrullus lanatus (Thumberg) mansfeld, Cucurbita moschata (Duchesne ex lam) and Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) standl. under salt stress. African Crop Science and Society 8, 489-494.

Torri SI, Puelles MM. 2010. Use of vermiculture technology for waste management and environmental remediation in Argentina. International Journal of Global Environmental Issues 10(3-4), 239-254.

Tripathi G, Bhardwaj P. 2004. Comparative studies on biomass production, life cycles and composting efficiency of Eisenia foetida (Savigny) and Lampito mauritii (Kinberg). Bioresource Technology 92, 275-283.

Zake J, Pietsch AS, Friedel KJ, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S. 2015. Can agroforestry improve soil fertility and carbon storage in smallholder banana farming systems? Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 178, 237-249.

Zoro Bi IA, Koffi KK, Djè Y, Malice M, Baudoin JP. 2006. Indigenous cucurbits of Côte d’Ivoire: A review of their genetic resources. Sciences & Nature 3(1), 1-9.