Vitamin D level and its correlation with age in female population of district Peshawar, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/09/2013
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Vitamin D level and its correlation with age in female population of district Peshawar, Pakistan

Noor Jahan Begum, Muhammad Zahid, Sobia Sabir Ali, Noreen, Minhas Akbar
Int. J. Biosci.3( 9), 102-108, September 2013.
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Abstract

Vitamin D is one of the fat soluble vitamins which increase the intestinal absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorous. Vitamin D is necessary for maintenance, growth, and development of healthy skeleton from birth to death. The present cross sectional study was carried out in which 260 females, randomly selected from the Diabetes and Endocrinology, Medical and Orthopedics outpatient setting (OPDs) of Hayatabad Medical Complex Hospital Peshawar who were enrolled in March 2012 to February 2013. Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D] were measured by CMIA immunoassay. Information on demographic and lifestyle factors was derived from interview-administered questionnaires. The data was analyzed by SPSS version 16. The mean serum 25(OH) D concentration was 14.45ng/mL. Only 5% of the population had 25(OH) D level was normal (40-1001ng/mL) while 95% of the population had vitamin deficiency (<40 ng/mL), but the prevalence of vitamin D severe deficiency (<10 ng/mL) was 46%, 34% had moderate deficiency levels (10-20 nmol/mL), while 13% had hypovitaminosis (20-40ng/mL). Those female who were at risk had peak vitamin D deficiency included young female (10.83ng/mL), aged (12.53ng/mL), unmarried (13.13ng/mL), pregnant women (13.70ng/mL), high level of education (12.77 ng/mL), work in office 12.10ng/mL, middle socio economic background (14.04ng/mL), poor nutrition (13.17ng/mL), use of sunscreen (11.06ng/mL), not exposure to sunlight (4.37ng/mL), closed houses (14.53ng/mL), white skin colour (12.92ng/mL), musculoskeletal pain (14.43ng/mL), early fatigue (13.99ng/mL), obesity (13.61ng/mL), Diabetes mellitus (13.55ng/mL), Cardiovascular disease (12.87ng/mL) and Asthma (11.41ng/mL).

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