Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | November 1, 2013

VIEWS 1
| Download

Water use efficiency of red kidneybean affected by mulch and irrigation treatments

Elnaz Ghalandarzadeh, Adel Dabbagh Mohammadinasab, Rouhollah Amini*, Mohammad Reza Shakiba

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.3(11), 126-132, November 2013

Certification:

JBES 2013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

A factorial experiment (using RCB design) with three replications was conducted at the Research Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Iran, in 2012. The effects of irrigation (I1 and I2: irrigation after 60 and 120 mm evaporation from class A pan, respectively) and mulch (0 (control) and 2 ton/ha wheat straw mulch) was evaluated on water use efficiency and grain yield of red kidneybean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars (Akhtar and Naz). The results indicated that the effects of irrigation and mulch on grain and biological yield of red kidney bean cultivars were significant. The highest grain yield (3135.2Kg /ha) and biological yield (8087.6 Kg /ha) were obtained in well-watered (I1) treatment and application of 2 ton/ha mulch for cultivar Akhtar. Grain water use efficiency (WUEG) and biological water use (WUEB) efficiency were significantly affected by irrigation, mulch and cultivar. The highest WUEG (0.538 kg/m3) was obtained in well-watered (I1) treatment and application of 2 ton/ha mulch for cultivar Akhtar. It was concluded that the highest WUEG was obtained under mulch condition, indicating that cultivar Akhtar can produce acceptable yield with low water consumption by using straw mulch.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2013
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Water use efficiency of red kidneybean affected by mulch and irrigation treatments

Albright LD, Wolfe D, Novak S. 1989. Modeling row straw mulch effects on microclimate and yield. Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science 114, 569-578.

Boutraa T, Sanders FE. 2001. Influence of water stress on grain yield and vegetative growth of two cultivars of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 187, 251-257. http://dx.doi:10.1046/j.1439-037X.2001.00525.x

Deng XP, Shan L, Zhang HP, Turner NC. 2006. Improving agricultural water use efficiency in arid and semiarid areas of China. Agricultural Water Management 80, 23–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2005.07.021

Emam Y, Shekoofa A, Salehi F, Jalali AH. 2010. Water stress effects on two red kidney bean cultivars with contrasting growth habits. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences 9(5), 495-499.

Foster EF, Pajarito RA, Acosta-Gallegos JA. 1995. Moisture stress impact on N partitioning, N remobilization and N-use efficiency in beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of Agricultural Science 124, 27-37.

Hedge DM. 1987. The effect of soil water potential method of irrigation, canopy temperature, yield and water use of radish. Horticultural Science 62(4), 507–511.

Huang YL, Chen LD, Fu BJ, Huang ZL, Gong J. 2005. The wheat yields and water-use efficiency in the Loess Plateau: straw mulch and irrigation effects. Agricultural Water Management 72, 209–222. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2004.09.012.

Kijne JW, Barker R, Molden DJ. 2003. Water productivity in agriculture: Limits and opportunities for Improvement. CABI, UK, 332 p.

Mahlooji M, Mousavi SF, Karimi M. 2000. The effects of water stress and planting date on yield and yield components of pinto bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Journal of Science and Technology Agriculture and Nature Research 4, 57–68.

Mirzae MR, Rezvani MA, Gohari C, 2005. Effects of water stress at different growth stages on yield and some physiological characteristics of sugar beet. Journal of sugar beet 21, 1-14.

Ramakrishna A, Hoang MT, Suhas W, Dinh TD. 2006. Effect of mulch on soil temperature, moisture, weed infestation and yield of groundnut in northern Vietnam. Field Crops Research 95, 115– 125.

Rudich J, Kalmar D, Geizenberg C, Harel S. 1977. Low water tension in defined growth stages of processing tomato plant and their effect on yield and quality. Journal of Horticultural Science 52, 391– 399.

Rudy IR, Tarumingkeng C, Zahir IR. 2003. Effects of drought stress on growth and yield of soybean. Science Philosophy 702 p.

Saue TJ, Hatfield JL, Prueger JH. 1996. Corn residue age and placement effects on evaporation and soil thermal regime. Soil Science Society of America Journal 60, 1558-1564.

Shanging J, Unger PW. 2001. Soil water accumulation under different precipitation, potential evaporation and straw mulch conditions. Soil Science Society of America Journal 65, 442-448.

Singh PS, Terán H, Muñoz CG, Takegami JC. 1999. Two cycles of recurrent selection for seed yield in  common  bean.  Crop  Science  39,  391–397. http://dx.doi:10.2135/cropsci1999.0011183X0039000200015x.

Singh  R,  Kundu  DK,  Bandyopadhyay  KK. 2010. Enhancing Agricultural Productivity through enhanced   water   use   efficiency.   Journal   of Agricultural Physics 10, 1-15.

Teran H, Singh PS. 2002. Comparison of sources and lines selected for drought resistance in common bean. Crop Science 42, 64–70.

Zaongo CGL, Wendt CW, Lascano RJ, Juo ASR.  1997.  Interactions  of  water,  mulch  and nitrogen on sorghum in Niger. Plant and Soil 197, 119-126.

Zhao JB, Mei XR, Zhong ZZ. 1996. The effect of straw mulch on crop water use efficiency in dry land. Science Agriculture Sinica 29(2), 59-66.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background