White muscle as a bio-indicator of cadmium (Cd) pollution across Kalpani River Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2013
Views (329) Download (22)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

White muscle as a bio-indicator of cadmium (Cd) pollution across Kalpani River Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan

Iram Alam Sthanadar, Aftab Alam Sthanadar, Mudassir Shah, Pir Asmat, Muhammad Yousaf, Ali Muhammad, Muhammad Zahid
Int. J. Biosci.3( 10), 105-116, October 2013.
Certificate: IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In the present investigation we examined the bio accumulation of 05 heavy metals (Pb, Cr, Cd, Ni, Zn) in the muscle tissue of fresh water fish Mulley, Wallago attu collected from 04 different polluted sites of Kalpani River in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province Pakistan, during July 2012 to February 2013. The heavy metals concentration in the muscle of Wallago attu was determined by using Perkin Elmer AS 3100 flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Heavy metals accumulated in the order Cd>Cr>Zn>Ni in the muscles tissue of Wallago attu, with no detection of lead (Pb) at all. Cadmium (Cd) was the highest and nickel (Ni) was the least accumulated heavy metal in fish white muscle. Mean concentrations of detected four heavy (Cr, Cd, Ni, Zn) in the muscle of Wallago attu in all 04 samples were 0.44±0.4201, 0.84±0.8283, 0.15±0.1056, 0.31±0.357 μg g -1 (wet weight). Overall, cadmium (Cd) was more accumulated heavy metal in fish muscle as compared to other heavy metals. Our findings suggest that fish muscle have comparatively more chemical affinity to bio accumulate cadmium (Cd) as compared to heavy metals like Zn, Cr and Ni. That is why, cadmium (Cd) is suggested to be a good bio indicator for cadmium (Cd) pollution in aquatic environment.

VIEWS 10

Akif M, Khan AR, Sok, MK, Hussain Z, Abrar M, Muhammad A. 2002. Textile effluents and their contribution towards aquatic pollution in the Kabul River (Pakistan). Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan 24, 106-111.

Agusa T, Kunito T, Tanabe S, Pourkazemi M, Aubrey D. 2004. Concentrations of trace elements in muscle of sturgeons in the Caspian Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin 49, 789-800.

Alibabic C, Vahcic N, Bajramovic M. 2007. Bioaccumultion of metals in fish of Salmonidae family and the impact on fish meat quality. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 131,349-364.

Ahmad HAH, Naim SI. 2008. Heavy Metals in Elven Common Species of Fish from the Gulf Aqaba Red Sea Jordan. Journal of Biological Sciences I, 13-18.

Al-Busaidi M, Yesudhason P, Al- Mughairi S, Al- Rahbi WAK, Al-Harthy KS, Al- Mazrooei NA. 2011. Toxic metals in commercial moraine fish in Oman with reference to National and International Standards Chemosphere 85, 67-73.

Abah J, Ubwa ST, Onyejefu DI, Nomor SA. 2013. Assessment of the levels of some heavy metals in mudfish (Clarias anguillaris) from River Okpokwu, Apa, Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Biosciences 3, 142-150. http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.4.142-150

Badsha KS, Goldspin CR. 1982. Preliminary observations on the heavy metal content of four species of freshwater fishes in New England. Journal of Fish Biology 21, 251-267.

Bowlby JN, Gunn JM, Liimatainen VA. 1988. Metals in stocked lake trout Salvelinus namaycush in lakes near Sudbury, Canada. Water, Air, Soil Pollution 39, 217-230.

Bervoets L, Blust R, Verheyen R. 2001. Accumulation of metals in tissues of three spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) from natural fresh waters. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 48(2), 117 -27.

Basa, Siraj P, Usha Rani A. 2003. Cadmium induced Oreochromis mossambicus (Tilapia). Ecotoxicology. Environmental Safty 56, 218 –221.

Bhattacharya AK, Mandal SN, Das SK. 2008. Heavy metals accumulation in water, sediment and tissues of different edible fishes in upper stretch of Gangetic West Bengal. Trends in Applied Sciences Research 3, 61-68.

Bhuvaneshwari R, Mamtha N, Selvam P, Rajendran RB. 2012a. Bioaccumulation of metals in muscle, liver and gills of six commercial fish species at Anaikarai dam of River Kaveri, South India. International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology 03, 08-14.

Canli M. (1995). Natural occurrence of metallothionein-like proteins in the hepatopancreas of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus and effects of cadmium, copper and zinc exposures on levels of the metals bound on metallothioneins. Tropical Journal of Zoology 19, 313-321.

Chandrasekar K, Chary NS, Kamala CT, Suman Raj DS, Sreenivasa Rao A. 2003. Fractionation studies and bioaccumulation of sediment-bound heavy metals in Kolleru lake by edible fish. Environmental International 29, 1001– 1008.

Due Freez HH, Steyn GJ. 1992. A preliminary investigation of the concentration selected metals in the tissues and organs of the tiger fish (Hydrocynus vittatus) from the oilfants River, Kruger National Park, South Africa. Water South Africa 18, 13-136.

Dara SS. 1995. Environmental Chemistry and Pollution Control S. Chand and Company Ltd. New Delhi India.. 191-1912 p.

Dural M, Goksu MZL, Ozak AA, Bariş D. 2006. Bioaccumulation of some heavy metals in different tissues of Dicentrarchus labrax L, 1758, Sparus aurata L, 1758 and Mugil cephalus L, 1758 from the Camlik lagoon of the eastern cost of Mediterranean (Turkey). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 118(1-3), 65-74.

Elinder CG. 1986. Zinc. In: Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals, 2nd ed., vol. II: Specific Metals, Friberg L, Nordberg GF and Vouk VB. eds. Elsevier, New York.

Etuk EUI, Mbonu CO. 1999. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference of the Nigerian Institute of Food Science and Technology held at Abuja. October, 25th – 27th (1999).

FAO. 1983. Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substances in fish and fishery products. FAO, Fishery circular 464, 5- 100.

Farkas A, Salanki J, Varanka I. 2000. Heavy metal concentrations in fish of Lake Balton. Lakes and Reservoirs, Research and Management 5, 271-279.http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1770.2000.00127.x

Fianko JR, Osae S, Adomako D, Adotey DK, Serfor-Adotey Y, Serfor-Armah Y. 2007. Assesment of heavy metal pollution of the Iture Estuary in the central Region of Gana. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 131, 467-473

Fernandes C, Fernandes AF, Cabral D, Salgado MA. 2007. Heavy metals in water, sediment and tissues of Liza saliens from Esmoriz Paramos Lagoon, Portugal. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 136, 167 -175.

Fernandes C, Fontaínhas-Fernandes A, Peixoto F, Salgado MA. 2007. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Liza saliens from the Esmoriz– Paramos coastal lagoon, Portugal. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 66, 426-431. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2006.02.007

Forti E, Salovaara S, Cetin Y, Bulgheroni A, Pfaller RW, Prieto P.2011. In vitro evaluation of the toxicity induced by nickel soluble and particulate forms in human airway epithelial cells. Toxicology in Vitro 25, 454-461.

Garcia-Leston J, Mendez J, Pasaro E, Laffon B. 2010. Genotoxic effects of lead: An updated review. Environmental International 36, 623-636.

Heath AG. 1991. Water pollution and fish physiology. Lewis Publishers, Boca Ranton, Florida, USA pp, 359.

IUCN (INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE), 1994. Pollution and the Kabul River, an analysis and action plan. Environmental Planning and Development Department, NWFP, Pakistan.

Ivan J, Zeljka VJ, Gorcin C, Zoran G, Ljubinko J, Stefan S, Mirjana L. 2011. Determination of differential heavy metal and trace element accumulation in liver, gills, intestine and muscle of starlet (Acipenser ruthenus) from the Danube River in Siberia by ICP-OES (Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy). Microchem.J. 98, 77-81.

Jorgensen LA, Pedersen B. 1994. Trace metals in fish used for time trend analysis and as environmental indicators. Marine Pollution Bulletin 28, 235-243.

Jan Mr, Shah J, Shah H. 2002. Chemical investigation of the effluents of selected chemical industries in NWFP (Pakistan). Journal of Chemical Society. Pakistan 24, 129-133.

Khan AR, Akif M, Khan M, Riaz M. 1999a. Impact of industrial discharges on the quality of Kabul River water at Aman Gar, Nowshera, Pakistan. Journal of Chemical Society. Pakistan 21, 97-105.

Karadede H, Oymak SA, Unlu E. 2004. Heavy metals in mullet, Liza abu, and cat fish, Silurus triotegus, from the Ataturk Dam Lake (Euphrates), Turkey. Environmental International 30, 183 -188.

Kotze P, Du-Preez HH, Van Curen JHJ. 2006. Biaccumulation of copper and zinc in Oriochromiscus mossumbicuss and Clarias gariepinus, from the Oilfants River, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Department of Zoology, Rand Afrikans University Press, Water South Africa, South Africa 25(1), 0378-4748.

Lazorchak JM, Mccormick FH, Henry TR, Herlihy AT. 2003. Contamination of fish in streams of the Mid-Atlantic Region: An approach to regional indicator selection and wildlife assessment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 22, 545-53.

Licata P, Giuseppa DB, Giacomo D, Naccari F. 2003. Organochlorine pesticides, PCBs and heavy metals in tissues of the mullet Liza aurata in lake Ganzirri and Straits of Messina (Sicily, Italy). Chemosphere 52, 231–238.

Mendil D, Uluozlu OD, Hasdemir E, Tuzen M, Sari H, Suicmez M. 2005.Determination of trace metal levels in seven fish species in Lakes in Tikat, Turkey. Food Chemistry 90, 175-179.

Mendil D, Uluozlu OD. 2007. Determination of trace metals in sediment and five fish species from lakes in Tokat, Turkey. Food Chemistry 101, 739 – 745.

Mirza MR, Sandhu AA. 2007. Fish of the Punjab, Pakistan. First edition, polymer Publication,Rahat market,Urdu Bazar, Lahore.

Olaifa FE, Olaffa AK, Adelaja AA, Owolabi AC. 2004. Heavy metal contamination of Clarias gariepinus from a Lake and fish farm in Ibadan, Nigeria. African Journal of Biomedical Research 7, 145-148.

Puel D, Zsuerger N, Breittmayer JP. 1987. Statistical assessment of a sampling pattern for evaluation of changes in mercury and zinc concentrations in Patella coerulea. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 38, 700-706.

Palaniappan P, Kathikeyan S, Sabhanayakam S. 2003. Studies on the effects of heavy metal nickel on gills of fingerlings of an edible fish Cirrlunus inrt gala. Polln Res 22, 247-250.

Rao LM, Padmaja G. 2000. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in M. cyprinoids from the harbor waters of Vishakapatinam. Bulletin of Pure Applied Science 19A (2), 77- 85.

Randolph J, Howard C. 2004. Heavy metal accumulation in liver and edible muscle tissues of red snapper, Lutjanus campechanus. Univsity of Houston Chear Lake, Houston, Taxas, USA.

Robinson B, Bus A, Diebal B, Froefflick E, Grayson B. 2004. Tailings Disposal options for the Kensington Mine at Burners Bay near Juneau, Alaska. Doughias 1-high School Juneau, Alaska.

Scharenberg  W,  Gramann  P,  Pfeiffer  WH. 1994. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals and organochlorines in a lake ecosystem with special reference to bream (Abramis brama). The Science of Total Environment 14, 187-97.

Senthil MS, Karuppasamy R, Poongodi K, Puranesurin S. 2008. Bioaccumulation Pattern of Zinc in Freshwater Fish Channa punctatus (Bloch) after chronic exposure. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 8, 55-59.

Talwar PK, Jhingran AG. 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Vol 1 and 11 Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, Bombay.

Terra  BF,  Araújo  FG,  Calza CF,  Lopes RT, Teixeira TP. 2008. Heavy metal in tissues of three fish species from different trophic levels in a tropical Brazilian river. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 187, 275-284. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-007-9515-9

Tanee T, Chaveerach A, Narong C, Pimjai M, Punsombut P, Sudmoon R . 2013. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in fish from the Chi River, Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand. International Journal of Biosciences 3(8), 159-167. http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.8.159-167

USEPA. 1991. Methods for the determination of metals in environmental samples. EPA-600/491-010. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH.

Van Loon JC. 1980. Analytical atomic absorption spectroscopy. Selected methods. Academic press., New york, USA. 337 p.

Xie KC, Chen XP, Zhu XP, Nie, Zhen, Pan DB. 2010. Evaluation on heavy metal contents in water and fishes collected from the waterway in the pearl River Delta, South China. Journal of Agro-Environment Science 29, 1917-1923.

Yap CK, Ismail A, Chu PK. 2005. Concentration of Cd, Cu and Zn in the fish Tilapia ,Oreoclironiis floss, caught from a Kelena Jaya pond. Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution 2, 65-70.

Yang R, Yao T, Xu B, Jiang G, Xin X. 2007. Accumulation features of organochlorine pesticides and heavy metals in fish from high mountain lakes and Lhasa River in the Tibetan Plateau. Environmental International 33, 151 -156.

Yilmaz FO, Nedim D, Ahmet TA, Levent. 2007. Heavy metal levels in two fish species Leuciscus cephalus and Lepomis gibbosus. Food Chemistry 100, 830-835

Yousafzai AM. 2004. Toxicological effects of Industrial effluents dumped in River Kabul on Mahaseer, Tor putitora at Aman Garh industrial area Nowshera, Peshawar, Pakistan. Ph.D thesis, Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab, New Campus, Lahore, Pakistan.

Yousafzai AM, Shakoori AR. 2007. Heavy metals bioaccumulation in the muscle of Mahaseer, Tor putitora as an evidenceof the the presence of heavy metals pollution in River Kabul, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 39, 1-8.

Yousafzai AM, Shakoori AR, 2008b. Heavy metal accumulation in the gills of an endangered South Asian fresh water fish as an indicator of aquatic pollution. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 40, 423-430.

Yousafzai AM, Shakoori AR. 2009. Fish white muscle as biomarker of riverine pollution. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 41(3), 179-188.

Yousafzai AM, Chivers DP, Khan Abdur Rehman, Ahmad I, Siraj M. 2010. Comparison of Heavy Metals Burden in Two Freshwater Fishes Wallago attu and Labeo dyocheilus With Regard to Their Feeding Habits in Natural Ecosystem. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 42, 537-544.

Yousafzai AM, Siraj M, Ahmad H, Chivers DP. 2012. Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals in common Carp: Implications for human health. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 44(2), 489-494.