A manuscript for publication is an original work that presents new knowledge. This new knowledge can be conceptualized in many ways, but it is important that it builds upon already existing knowledge, adds to the discipline, and makes a convincing case for its own acceptance. Manuscripts are analytical and critical expositions based on original investigation or on a systematic review of the literature. A manuscript encompasses different sections. Here, we will break down each section and how to write down each section in detail.
– Case Studies/Results
A good title should contain the fewest possible words that adequately describe the contents of a paper. Title should be.
Authors and affiliations
Be consistent with spelling, full versus short names, full versus short addresses.
An objective is a short description of (i) the problem and (ii) the solution. Houghton (1975) defined as a summary of the information in a document. The abstract should (i) state the principal objectives and scope of the investigation, (ii) describe the methodology employed, (iii) summarize the results, and (iv) state the principal conclusion. The quality of an abstract will strongly influence the editor’s decision. Use the abstract to “sell” your article. A good abstract:
Better to avoid: Abbreviations, references (save for the introduction), and exaggerated conclusions
Keywords should be very selective and appropriate. While choosing keywords, imagine you are looking for your article in certain database. Keywords are important for indexing: they enable your manuscript to be more easily identified and cited. Check the Guide for Authors for journal requirements. Avoid uncommon abbreviations and general terms.
Provide the necessary background information to put your work into context. The introduction should provide:
Methodology/ Materials and Methods
It needs to give full details by which a competent works can report the experiment. For materials, include the exact technical specifications and quantities and source or methods of preparation. For methods, usual order of presentation is chronogical. This section must be brief but informative. Clearly explain how you carried out your study according to the following generalized structure:
Write most of this section in past tense using passive voice. Do not include any result!
It is the most significant part of a paper.
ii) No discussions should be included here.
ii) Use Tables and Figures to organize all the data systematically: Tables to show exact values; Figures to show trends or relationship effect.
iii) Figures and Tables should be easy to understand without the reader having to refer to the text
iv) Do not include both a Table and a Figure showing the same information
v) Textual representation mentioning the key findings must be provided with each Table and Figure Use different tenses while giving different information in the result section. e.g. i) Something done during the study- past tense ii) Something in the paper itself (Figure, Table) – present tense
The Conclusions section, alongside the Abstract and Introduction, is one of the core elements of a journal article. The Conclusions section can be written up by using the following structure (one paragraph each):
It is important to include the practical implications of your research in the Conclusions chapter; discussing what the implications are for practitioners, companies, etc. Novice researchers tend to concentrate purely on the results and forget about the implications. The Conclusions must be in line with the previous sections and should not present totally new results. The implications should, however, be discussed.
Acknowledge anyone who has helped you with the study, including:
Check the Guide for Authors for the correct format. Check the style and format as required- it is not the editor’s job to do so for you.
Information related to and supportive of the main text, but of secondary importance, may be contained in an appendix Includes:
In writing manuscript there are some scientific Ethics: