Yield performance of different aromatic rice genotypes and their morpho-physiological attributes

Paper Details

Research Paper 04/04/2024
Views (175) Download (16)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Yield performance of different aromatic rice genotypes and their morpho-physiological attributes

Faysal Ahmed, Md. Omar Ali Mollick, Rezuana Pervin, Md. Ashabul Hoque
Int. J. Biosci.24( 4), 91-100, April 2024.
Certificate: IJB 2024 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

From July 2022 to December 2022, an experiment was conducted to examine the morpho-physiological traits and yield performance of various genotypes of aromatic rice. The aim was to identify the significant morpho-physiological and yield-contributing characteristics that could potentially lead to increased yield. Treatments consisted of twelve different types of rice. Three replications and a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) were used to set up the experiment. Records were kept on various morpho-physiological parameters, yield, and yield-contributing characters. To assess the treatment effect, statistical analysis was performed on the gathered data. Findings showed that variety V11 (BRRI dhan37) had the highest number of total tillers hill-1, dry weight hill-1, crop growth rate, absolute growth rate, flag leaf area, SPAD value of flag leaf, number of effective tillers plant-1, number of ineffective tillers plant-1, panicle length, number of filled grains panicle-1, number of unfilled grains panicle-1, grain yield (3.30 tons ha-1), straw yield (6.10 tons ha-1), biological yield (9.4 tons ha-1), and harvest index (35.11%). The variety V6 (Modhumala) had the lowest harvest index (26.59%), the lowest number of effective tillers, the lowest number of filled grains panicle-1, the lowest number of grains panicle-1, the grain yield (1.42 tons ha-1), the straw yield (3.92 tons ha-1), the biological yield (5.34 tons ha-1), and the lowest number of tillers overall.

VIEWS 37

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2003. Statistical pocket book of Bangladesh. Mins Planning. Govt. Peoples Repub. Bangladesh. 72-78p.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2005. Hand Book of Agricultural Statistics, December, (2005). Ministry of planning Govt. People’s Republic Bangladesh. 14p.

Chowdhury UMJ, Sacker UA, Sarkar RMA, Kashem MA. 2005. Effect of variety and number of seedlings hill’s on the yield and its components on late transplanted Aman rice. Bangladesh J. Agric. Sci. 20(2), 311-316.

Hossain MB, Islam MO, Hasanuzzaman M. 2008. Influence of different nitrogen levels on the performance of four aromatic rice varieties. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 10, 693–696.

Idris M, Matin M. 1990. Response of four exotic strains of aman rice to Urea. Bangladesh J. Agril. Sci. 17(2), 271-275.

Jisan MT, Paul SK, Salim M. 2014. Yield performance of some transplant aman rice varieties as influenced by different levels of nitrogen. J. Bangladesh Agric. Univ. 12(2), 321–324.

Kusutani A, Tovata M, Asanuma K, Cui J. 2000. Studies on the varietal differences of harvest index and morphological characteristics of rice. Japanese J. Crop Sci. 69, 359–364.

Mia MAB, Salam MA, Chowdhury SI, Islam AFMS, Dutta RK. 1994. Morpho physiological studies in relation to yield potential in rice. Bangladesh J. Nuclear Agric. 10, 45–50.

Mondal NN, Islam MM, Hasan MS, Rahman QA, Ali MM. 2010. Physiological and biochemical evaluation of fine grain aromatic rice genotypes for higher yield. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Technology 6(1), 12-18.

Murshida S, Uddin MR, Anwar MP, Sarker UK, Islam MM, Haque MMI. 2017. Effect of variety and water management on the growth and yield of Boro rice. Progress Agric. 28(1), 26-35.

Sarkar NAR, Siddique MS, Islam MS. 2013. Effect of variety and structural arrangement of rows on the yield and yield components of transplant Boro rice. Bangladesh J. Agric. Sci. 19(3), 43-51.

Sarkar SK, Sarkar MAR, Islam N, Paul SK. 2014. Yield and quality of aromatic fine rice as affected by variety and nutrient management. J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 12(2): 279–284.

Shahidullah SM, Hanafi MM, Ashrafuzzaman M, Razi Ismail M, Salam MA. 2009. Phenological characters and genetic divergence in aromatic rice. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(14), 3199-3207.

Sheela G, Shai VN, Saran. 1990. Role of flag leaf on grain yield and spikelet sterility in rice cultivars. Oryza 27, 87–88. 

Sie M, Dingkuhn M, Wopereis MCS, Miezan KM. 1998. Rice crop duration and leaf appearance rate in a variable thermal environment. Field Crop Research 58, 129-140.

Sinha AC, Kairi P, Patra PS, De B. 2009. Performance of aromatic rice varieties under terai region of West Bengal. Journal of Crop Science and Weed 5(1), 285287.

Streck NA, Bosco LC, Lago I. 2008. Simulating leaf appearance in Rice. Agronomy Journal 100, 490-501.

Venkateshwarlu B, Prasad ASR. 1982. Nature of association among biomass, harvest index and economical yield in rice1. Harvest index and biomass: Criteria for selecting plants with high yielding ability. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology 25, 149.

Yin X, Kropff MJ. 1998. The effect of photoperiod on interval between panicle initiation and flowering in rice. Field Crop Research 57. 301-307.

Yusuf HKM. 1997. In: Report of the sustainable Food security Mission in Bangladesh (FAO, Rome), Dhaka.