Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Yield quality response (YQR) of pepper under variable water application using micro-sprinkler system

Research Paper | June 1, 2012

| Download 2

F. Alao, A.J. Oloruntade, K.O. Mogaji

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.2( 6), 23-27, June 2012


IJAAR 2012 [Generate Certificate]


Yield quality response of pepper (Capsicum annum) under variable water application was examined during two off-seasons of 2007/08 and 2008/09 at the Agricultural Engineering Research Farm of the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. The crop was irrigated using micro-sprinkler system that allowed three treatments 1, 2, 3 at 0.5 WR (water requirements) of pepper, 0.75 WR, and 1 WR respectively. The experiment was repeated twice and irrigation was carried out at 3-day interval. Soil and agronomic measurements were carried out at each treatment during the experiments while moisture content was monitored weekly using gravimetric method. Measurements made included leaf area index (LAI) and crop yield (results not shown), plant height (PH), fruit number (FN), fruit length (FL) and Fruit Width (FW). Results showed that the growth of pepper were not statistically different among treatments at the 5% level of significance. Plant height responded positively to increased water application and thus influencing yield positively. Yield of pepper was highest at the highest water application, ranging from 20.1 t/ha (2007/08) to 21.1 t/ha (2008/09); fruit number ranged between 21 to 19 for the highest treatment in 2007/08 and 2008/09 respectively while fruit length and fruit width also increased with increasing water application. It was then concluded that variations in water application might significantly influence yield quality such as fruit number, fruit length and fruit width at harvest. Variable irrigation water application for field grown pepper is therefore recommended for higher and better quality yields.


Copyright © 2012
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Yield quality response (YQR) of pepper under variable water application using micro-sprinkler system

AVRDC. 1989. Tomato and the pepper production in the tropic. AVRDC; Taiwan. P. 585.

Dagdelen N, Yilmaz E, Sezgin F, Gurbuz T. 2004. Effects of Water Stress at Different growth Stages on Processing Pepper (Capsicum annum Cv. Kapija) Yield Water use and Quality Characteristics. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 7(12), 2167-2172.

Olalla F, Valero JA. 1994. Growth and production of bell pepper under different irrigation intervals. Research series Arkansas – Agric Experimental Station. P. 125 -128.

Ngouajio M, Wang G, Goldy RG. 2008. Timing of Drip Irrigation Initiation Affects Irrigation Water Use Efficiency and Yield of Bell Pepper Under Plastic Mulch. Journal of HorticulturalTechnology 18(3), 397-402.

Pitts DJ, Clarke GA. 1991. Comparison of drip irrigation to sub- irrigation for tomato production in southwest Florida. Applied Engineering Agric 7(2), 117 -184.

Sezen SM, Yazar A, Eker S. 2006. Effect of drip irrigation regimes on yield and quality of field grown bell pepper. Agric. Water Manage 81, 115– 131.

Sezen SM, Yazar A, Eker S. 2011. Yield and quality response of drip-irrigated pepper under Mediterranean climatic conditions to various water regimes. African Journal of Biotechnology 10(8), p. 1329-1339.

Tekinel O, yazar A, Cevik B, Kanber R. 1989. Ex-post evaluation of the Lower Seyhan Project in Turkey. In: Irrigation Theory and Practice (Eds. J. R. Rydzewski and C.F. Ward). Pentech Press. London. p. 145-152.