Zinc asseveration in fodder, forages, soil, grazing animals, hairs, blood, urine and feces collected from different districts of Punjab. Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/12/2020
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Zinc asseveration in fodder, forages, soil, grazing animals, hairs, blood, urine and feces collected from different districts of Punjab. Pakistan

Ijaz Rasool Noorka, Kafeel Ahmad, Zafar Iqbal Khan, Humayun Bashir
Int. J. Biosci.17( 6), 400-407, December 2020.
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Livestock plays a significant role to fulfill the nutritional requirements of humans. Research studies indicated the potential of forages and fodder species to withstand the shortage of livestock/animal fodder and forage can at least partly be met by making use of suitable and potential fodder and forage species. Although the wastewater or sewage water provides immediate relief to forage and fodder species but at the same. The article is focused on the reckoning of Zinc in fodder, forages, soil, grazing animals’ hairs, blood, urine and feces collected from different districts of Punjab (Sargodha, Jhang, Layyah and Bhakkar, their five sites (one control/groundwater and four wastewater sources), three animals (Goat, Sheep and Cow) and four sources (Blood, Hair, Urine and Feces).The samples were prepared by prescribed sample preparation, standard and wet digestion methods, to determine heavy metals in the forage and soil samples and then passed to Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer to examine Zinc (Zn).The results revealed that Zn values in the soil, forage and animals’ blood, heir, feces, urine samples were in diverse nature. The Zn were found in safe limit as recommended by the world health organization. The current study gives significant information about the mineral relationship between soil, forage and animals.


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