A case study on long-term financial benefits of using biochar and zeolite amendments for wheat crop in rainfed area of Pakistan
Abbasieh SK, Rad AHS, Delkhosh B, Mohamadi GN. 2013. Effect of different potassium levels and different humidity conditions, in the use of zeolite and disuse zeolite in safflower. Annals of Biol. Res 4(8), 56-60.
Alburquerque JA, Salazar P, Barron V, Torrent JM, Campillo CD, Gallardo A, Villar R. 2012. Enhanced wheat yield by biochar addition under different mineral fertilization levels. Agron. Sustain. Dev 5, 47-58.
Atkinson CJ, Fitzgerald JD, Hipps NA. 2010. Potential mechanisms for achieving agricultural benefits from biochar application to temperate soils. A review. Plant Soil 33, 1-18.
Brown RA, Kercher AK, Nguyen TH, Nagle DC, Ball WP. 2006. Production and characterization of synthetic wood chars for use as surrogates for natural sorbents. Org. Geochema 37, 321-333.
Chan KY, Zwieten LV, Meszaros I, Downie A, Joseph S. 2007. Agronomic values of green waste biochar as a soil amendment. Aust. J. Soil Res 45, 629-634.
DeLuca TH, DeLuca DK. 1997. Composting for feedlot manure management and soil quality. J. Prod. Agric 10, 236-241.
Genesio L, Miglietta F, Lugato E, Baronti S, Pieri M, Vaccari FP. 2012. Surface albedo following biochar application in durum wheat. Environmental Research Letters. IOP Science. http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/7/1/014025.
Glaser B, Lehmann J, Zech W. 2002. Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal. A review. Biol. Fert. Soils 35, 219-230.
Government of Pakistan. 2011. Pakistan meteorological department, I8/2, Islamabad.
Government of Pakistan. 2015. Economic survey of Pakistan.
Government of Pakistan. 2017. Economic survey of Pakistan.
James RF, Carl RC, Philip JB. 2001. Drought stress effect on branch and main stem seed yield and yield components of determinate soybean. Crop Sci 41, 763-797.
Kocakusak S, Savasci OT, Ayok T. 2001 .Natural Zeolites and their applications. TÜBİTAKMAM, Materials and Chemistry Tek. Res. Inst., Report No: KM 362, Project No. 5015202, Gebze, Kocaeli, Turkey.
Lehmann J, Gaunt J, Rondon M. 2006. Biochar sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems. (A review), Miti. Adapt Stra. Global Change 11, 403-427.
Lehmann J, Rondon M. 2005. Biochar soil management on highly weathered soils in the humid tropics In: Uphoff (Eds), Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems, Boca Raton, CRC Press p. 365.
Lehmann J. 2007. A handful of carbon. J. Nat 447, 143-144.
Malekian RJ, Abedi-Koupai, Eslamian SS. 2010. Influences of clinoptilolite and surfactant-modified clinoptilolite zeolite on nitrate leaching and plant growth. J. Hazad. Mater 185, 970-976.
María R, Esteban SO, Agustín L. 2011. Two Sources of Zeolite As Substitutes of Nitrogen Fertilizer for Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Production In Tlaxcala, Mexico. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems 13, 533-536.
Nogueraa D, Barotd S, Laossie KR, Cardosoc J, Lavellea P, Cruz MH. 2012.Biochar but not earthworms enhances rice growth through increased protein turnover. Soil Bio. Bioc 52, 13-20.
Pickering HW, Menzies NW and Hunter M N. 2002. Zeolite/rock phosphate – a novel slow release phosphorus fertiliser for potted plant production. Scientia Horti 94, 333-343.
Polat E, Karaca M, Demir H, Onus AN. 2004. Use of natural zeolite (clinoptilolite) in agriculture. J. Fruit Ornam. Plant Res 12, 183-189.
Prakash and Mitchell. 2015. Probabilistic benefit cost ratio: a case study. Australasian Transport Research Forum (ATRF), 37th, 2015, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia p. 14.
Ren JL, Li SQ, Wang J, Ling L, Li FM. 2003. Effects of plastic film mulching and fertilization on water consumption and water use efficiency of spring wheat in semiarid agro-ecosystem J. Northwest Sci. Technol 31, 1-3.
Saarnioa K, Heimonena RK. 2013. Biochar addition indirectly affects N2O emissions via soil moisture and plant N uptake. Soil Biol. Biochem 58, 99-106.
Smimeh KA, Amir HSR, Babak D, Gorban Noor M, Hadis N. 2013. Effect of potassium and Zeolite on seed, oil and, biological yield in safflower. Annals of Biological Research 4(5), 204-207.
Solaiman ZM, Blackwell P, Lynette K, Abbott and Storer P. 2010. Direct and residual effect of biocharapplication on mycorrhizal root colonisation, growth and nutrition of wheat. Aust. J. Soil Res 48, 546-54.
Vaccaria FP, Barontia S, Lugatoa E, Genesioa L, Castaldib S, Fornasierc F, Miglietta F. 2011. Biochar as a strategy to sequester carbon and increase yield in durum wheat. Eur. J. Agron. 34, 231-238.
Woolf D, Amonette JE, Street-Perrott FA, Lehmann J and Joseph S. 2010. Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change. Nature Comm 1, 56-64.
Zahedi H, Rad AHS, Moghadam HRT. 2011. Effects of zeolite and selenium applications on some agronomic traits of three canola cultivars under drought stress. Pesq. Agropec. Trop. Goiânia 41(2), 179-185.
Zamanian M. 2008. The effects of the usage of the different levels of the zeolite in the capacity of preserving of the water of the soil. The first meeting on the zeolite of Iran, 2008, The university of Kabir p. 247-248.