A comparative study of barberry fruits in terms of its nutritive and medicinal contents from CKNP region, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/08/2014
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A comparative study of barberry fruits in terms of its nutritive and medicinal contents from CKNP region, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan

Mohammad Saeed Awan, Sartaj Ali, Amjad Ali, Azhar Hussain, Mudasir Ali Qazalbash
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 2), 9-17, August 2014.
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Abstract

Wild berries have remained as an important part of human nutrition. They are rich in essential nutrients, (sugars, fibers, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals), health promoting phytochemicals (phenolics compounds, flavonoids, carotenoids and tannins) and minerals. Berberry spices are a valuable medicinal shrub grown in Asia and Europe. Berberry have a distinct position due to many traditional pharmacological uses. The physio-chemical and phytochemical analyses of berberry (B. Calliobotrys B. orthobotrys B. psedumbellata) fruit were carried out to determine its nutritional and phytochemical constituents. The different parameters which were observed during the studies were, pH (3.91, 3.52 and 3.33), TSS, (20.22, 18.18 and 15.56 ⁰ Brix) titrateable acidity (2.26, 2.18 and 1.36% citric acid), ash (0.79, 1.05 1.13%) , moisture (80.47, 74.96 and 80.13%), total sugars (14.98, 12.44 and 12.99 %) reducing sugars (9.00, 7.23and 7.68) non-reducing sugars 6.10, 5.45 and 5.95% ) crude protein (1.51.0.96 and 1.10 %), fat (0.69, 0.67 and 0.83%), fiber (0.73, 0.78 and 0.94%) ascorbic acid (10.70, 14.92 and 13.59%), antioxidant activity (76.01, 71 and 80.65 %), total carotenoids (370.1, 345.80 and 381.69 µg/100g), total flavonid (385.52, 376.93 and 395.09), total phenolics (689.82, 675.68 and 702.94) and total anthocyanins (80.78, 77.52 and 83.55) mg/100ml fresh fruits of berberry respectively.

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