Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Allolophatic effect of Parthenium liquid extract on mung bean germination ability and early growth

Research Paper | October 1, 2017

| Download 27

Shah Khalid, Imranuddin, Nadia, Faisal Nadeem, Saddamullah, M. Aamir, Farman Ghani

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.11( 4), 31-36, October 2017


IJAAR 2017 [Generate Certificate]


Allelopathy is the most dangerous weapon acquired by most of the weeds plants to compete with crops, and suppressed their growth, but their level of toxicity and it effect is different (among crops to crops, weeds to weeds and part to part), so therefore to study the allolophatic effect of Parthenium hysterophorus on mung bean, a laboratory experiment was carried out at the university of Peshawar, Pakistan during 2016. Four different liquid extracts(2%, 4%, 8% and 10%) of three different parts (leaf, stem, and root) along with one control (only water) ware used in the experiment as treatments along with control (water spray only) The treatments were repeated three times in complete randomized design. The results showed that all the treatments severely decreased germination %, stem, root length, seedling growth, percent stem and root elongation as compared to control (water spray only). Application of 10% liquid extract of all the three parts completely suppressed, all the studied parameters, germination (0), shoot (0), root length (0) and seedling growth (0), followed by 8%, 4%, 2% as compared to control where  germination (95%), root (3.4cm), stem length (3.53cm), and seedling growth (6.93)was recorded. Incase of different parts, leaf extract, shown higher inhibitory effect followed by root and stem in all parameters. From the results, it is concluded that Parthenium liquid extract negatively affected mung bean growth and should need to eradicate, to ensure higher germination and seedling growth of mung bean.


Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Allolophatic effect of Parthenium liquid extract on mung bean germination ability and early growth

Adkins SW, BNavie SC. 2006. Parthenium weed: a potential major weed for agro ecosystems in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research 12, 19-3.

Bajwa R, ShaziaSS,Sobiya Javaid A.  2004. Effect of foliar spray of aqueous extracts of Parthenium hysterphorus L. on growth of Sunflowers. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 6(3), 474-478.

Barkosky R, Catavera RJ, Culbertson A. 1999. Caffeic acid induced changes in plant water balance and photosynthesis in leafy spruge, In: Progress and abstracts. Second World Congress on Allelopathy.  Lakehead University, Canada 8(13), 59.

Belz RG, Reinhardt CF, Foxcroft LC, Hurle K. 2007. Residue allelopathy in Parthenium hysterophorus L.-Does parthenin play a leading role? Crop Protection 26(3), 237-245.

Bhadoria PBS. 2011. Allelopathy; A natural way towards weed management. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 1(1), 7-20.

Bukolovo TPA. study of Mechanism of action of water soluble substances of weeds on cultivated plants. In: A.

Evas HC. 1997: Parthenium hysterophorus: a review of its weed status and possibilities for biological control. Biocontrol News and Information 18, 89-98.

Guzman CD. 1988. Allelopathic effects of seven weed species in pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) under green house conditions. Journal of Agriculture72, 491-493.

Hussain F, Abidi N. 1991. Allelopathy exhibited by Imperata cylindrical (L.) P. Beauv. Pakistan Journal of Botany 23, 15-25.

Kathiresan K. 2004 How to alleviate degradation of mangroves? Journal of Environmental Biology 25, 399-402.

Kafeli VI, Turetskaya RK. 1976. Comparative effect of natural growth inhibitors, narcotics and antibiotics on plant growth. FiziolRast (Moscow). 14, 796-803.

Khalaj MA, Amiri M, Azimi MH. 2013. Allelopathy; physiological and sustainable agriculture impact aspects. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 415, 950 – 962.

Kolesnichenko MV, Aleikina MM. 1976. The rate of protein biosynthesis and absorption of mineral substances by the roots of Oke and ash growing together in the forest. Fiziol Rast (Moscow) 23, 127-31.

Grodzinksy M. 1971. Physiological Biochemical Basis of Plant. Interaction in Phytocenosee, 66-69.

Macias FA, Galindo JGG, Massanet Potentials, 1992. Allelopathic activity of several sesqiuterpenelactone  models. Phytochemical 31(19), 69-77.

Maharajan S, Shrestha BB, Pramod KJ. 2007. Allelopathic effects of aqueous extract of leaves of Parthenium hysterophorus L. on seed germination and seedling growth of some cultivated and wild herbaceous species. Scientific World 5(5), 234 – 243.

Mersie W, Singh M. 1987.Allelopathic effect of Parthenium hysterophorus extract and residue on some agronomic crop and weeds. Journal of Chemical Ecology 13, 1739-1747.

Netsere A, Mendesil E. 2011. Allelopathic effects of Parthenium hysterophorus L. aqueous extract on Soybean (Glycine max L.) and haricot bean (Phaseolous vulgaris L.) Seed germination, shoot and root growth and dry matter production. Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality 84, 219-222.

Oudhia P. 2000. Allelopathic effect of some obnoxious weed on germination of Melilotus alba. Legume Research 22, 133-134.

Riaz T, Javaid A. 2009.Invasion of hostile alien weed Parthenium hysterophorus L. in WahCantt, Pakistan. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 19(1), 26-29.

Shinde VN. 2016. Allelopathic effect of Parthenium hysterophorus L. on crop plants international journal of applied research 2(4), 730-734.

Singh SP, Batish DR, Pandher JK, Kohli RK. 2005. Phytotoxic effects of Parthenium hysterophorus residues on three Brassica species. Weed Biology Management. 5, 105 – 109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-6664.2005.00172.x

Singla RK1992. Can Parthenium be put to use? The Tribune 112, 6.

Tefera T. 2002. Allelopathic effect of Parthenium hysterophorus extracts on seed germination and seedling growth of Eragrostistef. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 188, 306 – 310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439037X.2002.00564.x

Wakjira M, Berecha G, Bulti B. 2005. Allelopathic effect of Parthenium hysterophorus extracts on seed germination and seedling growth of lettuce. Tropical Science45, 159 – 162.