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Anogeissus leiocarpus (DC.) Guill. & Perr. (Combretaceae), a medicinal plant traditionally used in small ruminant breeding in West and Central Africa: zootechnical performances, pharmacological activities and chemical compositions (bibliography synthesis)

ulienne Kuiseu, Tony Taofick Babalola Abiodoun Sounkere, Pascal Abiodoun Olounlade, Claude Gbemeho Houssoukpe, Basile Saka Boni Konmy, Fréjus Tanguy Ablo Zinsou, Ibikounle Moudachirou, Severin Babatounde, Sylvie Mawule Hounzangbe-Adote, Patrick Aleodjrodo Edorh

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Int. J. Biosci.19(5), 10-26, November 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.5.10-26

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Abstract

The genus Anogeissus has eight (8) species, of which 5 are found in Tropical Asia, 2 in Arabia and 1 in Tropical Africa. The only species of the genus Anogeissus found in Africa is Anogeissus leiocarpus. Also known as Anogeissus leicarpa or Anogeissus schimperi, Hochest. Ex Hutch & Dalz., Anogeissus leiocarpus is a multipurpose tree widely used in traditional medicine. However, it is less used in ethno-veterinary medicine and its pharmacological evidence and especially in the treatment of parasitic diseases caused by Haemonchus contortus are poorly documented. This review is aimed at synthesizing current knowledge on the chemical composition, pharmacological and zootechnical utility of A. leiocarpus in order to explore gaps and propose research perspectives. Google Scholar was the main database used to compile most of the information available on A. leiocarpus in this review. Overall, 44 publications were analyzed, out of which 65.9% addressed the pharmacological properties of A. leiocarpus. The anthelmintic, antidiabetic, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antibacterial, antispasmodic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive are the most pharmacological properties found in those publications. Similarly, many secondary metabolites including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, quinones, coumarins found in A. leiocarpus give it its pharmacological properties. The factorial correspondence analysis performed for the variable extracts and chemical compounds showed that the presence of a given chemical compound does not depend on the type of extract. This review allowed to gather essential information on A. leicocarpus and justifies its traditional use in the small ruminant breeding in West and Central Africa.

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Anogeissus leiocarpus (DC.) Guill. & Perr. (Combretaceae), a medicinal plant traditionally used in small ruminant breeding in West and Central Africa: zootechnical performances, pharmacological activities and chemical compositions (bibliography synthesis)

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