Antioxidant, antimicrobial and biochemical analysis of mutated and cultivated Momordica charantia

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Research Paper 01/01/2019
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Antioxidant, antimicrobial and biochemical analysis of mutated and cultivated Momordica charantia

Komal Siddiqui, Noor-e-Saba Khaskheli, Zaib-Un-Nisa, Mehtab Hussain Nizamani
J. Bio. Env. Sci.14( 1), 194-203, January 2019.
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Momordica charantia has long been regarded as a food and medicinal plant. It plays a major role as a source of carbohydrate, protein, vitamins minerals and other nutrients in human diet. The aim of the study was to analyse antimicrobial activity, biochemical and antioxidant contents of cultivated and mutated Momordica charantia plant extracts. Two types of extracts were made; aqueous and methanol based, from leaves and fruit of Momordica charantia. In the initial work Momordica charantia seeds were treated with different mutagens namely sodium azide, silver nitrate and ethidium bromide and were germinated in IBGE research garden. Statistical analysis was carried out along with chlorophyll and carotenoid testing during the growth phase. Ethidium bromide treated seeds showed best germination rate as well as highest shoot length as compared to other mutatated plants. Highest Chlorophyll contents and carotenoids were found in leaves of ethidium bromide treated plant. The fruit and leaves of mutated and control plants were examined for biochemical contents.


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