Assessment of concurrent of the sucrose and silver nitrate on cut flower of rose (Rosa hybrida cv. ‘Red One’)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/01/2015
Views (240) Download (6)

Assessment of concurrent of the sucrose and silver nitrate on cut flower of rose (Rosa hybrida cv. ‘Red One’)

Seyed Abbas Mirjalili
J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 1), 122-126, January 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


The rose plant is one of the most widely sold and appreciated ornamental flowers throughout the world. Vase life of cut rose flowers is usually short. Hence, we studied effect of sucrose combined with silver nitrate on rose (Rosa hybrida) cut flowers. The study was carried out in a completely randomized design. Sucrose was used in one concentration (5%w/v) and silver nitrate with four concentrations (0, 10, 20 and 30 ppm). Characters such as vase life, flower quality, water uptake, and leaf chlorophyll, fresh and dry weight were measured. Results showed that there were not significant differences between fresh weights of cut flowers at the end; but in dry weight treatment by 30 ppm silver nitrate had significant difference than others. Also, vase life of cut flowers was the most in treatment by sucrose 5% simultaneous 30 ppm silver nitrate. We conclude that sucrose and silver nitrate treatment have significant effect on quality parameters of rose cut flowers and can maintain the vase life of flowers for a longer period. So we recommend that using sucrose and silver nitrate can improve vase life of rose cut flowers.


Asghary R. 2012. Effects of chemical treatment on vase-life of Daisy. Iranian journal of biology 25, 3. (in Persian).

Butt SJ. 2003.A Review on prolonging the vase life of Roses. Pakistan Rose Annual. Published by Pakistan National Rose Society 49-53.

Cortes MH, Frias AA, Moreno SG, Piña MM, Guzmán GHDLC, Sandoval SG. 2011.The effects of calcium on postharvestwater status and vase life of Rosa hybrida cv. grand gala. International Journal of agriculture and Biology 13, 233–238

Harode SM, Kotake VG, Zend JP. 1993.Effects of selected treatments on longevity and freshness of selected flowers in home decoration. Journal of Maharashtra Agriculture University 18, 448-450.

Hunter DA, Yi M, Xu X, Reid MS. 2004. Role of ethylene in perianth senescence of daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissusL.‘Dutch Master’).Postharvest Biology and Technology 32, 269- 280.

Ichimura K. 1998. Improvement of postharvest life in several cut flowers by the addition of sucrose. Japan Agricultural Research 32, 275-280.

Ichimura K, Kishimoto M, Norikoshi R, Kawabata Y, and Yamada K. 2005. Soluble carbohydrates and variation in vase life of cut rose cultivars ‘Dehlia’ and ‘Sonia’. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 80, 280 – 286

Kuiper D, Ribots V, Van Reen HS, Marissenn N. 1995.  The  effect  of  sucrose  on  the  flower  bud ripening of “Madelon: Cut roses. Scientia Horticulturae 60, 325-336.

Lalonde S, Boles E, Hellmann H, Barker L, Patrick JW. 1999. The dual function of sugar carriers: Transport and sugar sensing. Plant Cell 11, 707-726.

Loub M, Van Doorn G. 2004. Wound-induced and bacteria-induced xylem blockage in roses, Astible, and Viburnum. Horticultural Science 32, 281-288.

MohyEldeen NEE. 2011. Vase Life Extension of Rose Cut Flowers (Rosa Hybirida) as Influenced by Silver Nitrate and Sucrose Pulsing. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences 6, 128-133.

Nabigol A. 2012. Pre-harvest calcium sulfate application improves postharvest quality of cut rose flowers. African Journal of Biotechnology 11, 1078-1083.

Nowak J, Rudnicki V. 1990. Postharvest handling and storage of cut flowers, florist greens, and potted plants. Postharvest News and Information 2, 255-260.

Redman PB, Dole JM, Maness NO, Anderson JA. 2002. Postharvest handling of nine specialty cut flower species. Scientia Horticulturae 92, 293-303.

Serek M, Trolle L. 2000. Factors affecting quality and postproduction life of Exacum affine. Scientia Horticulturae 86, 49-55.

Serek M, Tamari G, Sisler EC, Borochov A. 1995. Inhibition of ethylene–inducedcellular senescence symptoms by 1-methylcyclopropene, a new inhibitor of ethylene action. Physiologia Plantarum 94, 229-232.

Silvanda MS, Daniely MA, Barbosa JA, Ricardo EA, LuizMosca J. 2011. Effects of sucrose pulsing and silver nitrate on longevity of two cultivars of cut roses. Interamerican Society For Tropical Horticulture 54, 36-38.

Singh AK, Tiwari AK. 2002. Effect of pulsing on postharvest life of Rose v. Doris Tystermann. South-Indian-Horticulture 50, 140-144.

Van Doorn WG, Witte Y, Van Doorn WG, De-Witte Y. 1997. Sources of the bacteria involved in vascular occlusion of cut rose flowers. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 122, 263-266.

Zamani S, Kazemi M, Aran M. 2011. Postharvest Life of Cut Rose Flowers as Affected by Salicylic Acid and Glutamin. World Applied Sciences Journal 12, 1621-1624