Bioactive potential of Distimake dissectus leaf: GC–MS analysis and in-vitro bioassays for antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties

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Research Paper 03/04/2024
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Bioactive potential of Distimake dissectus leaf: GC–MS analysis and in-vitro bioassays for antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties

R. Nagaraju, G. Prabhakar, P. Kamalakar
Int. J. Biosci.24( 4), 1-23, April 2024.
Certificate: IJB 2024 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Distimake dissectus (Jacq.) A.R. Simões & Staples. is belonging to the family Convolvulaceae. It is commonly called as ”alamo vine” is a perennial herb. The current study investigates the GC-MS characterization, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties of D. dissectus. The methanolic leaf extract included 53 different phytochemicals, as determined by the GC-MS analysis.The DPPH radical scavenging assay revealed the IC50 values of methanol extract 160.03±0.857, hexane extract 145.61±0.62, and ascorbic acid 24.12±0.313 respectively. The anti-bacterial activity was studied by the Agar well-diffusion method with four concentrations (25 µl, 50 µl,75 µl and 100 µl). The leaf extracts showed remarkable antibacterial activities, the maximum zone of inhibition observed in methanol extract compared to hexane extract for each bacterium was as follows., S. aureus (100µg/18mm), E. coli (100µg/18mm), S. pneumonia, (100µg/13mm), P. aeruginosa (100µg/14mm), the MIC was recorded its active at concentration of 200 µg/ml in S. aureus and E. coli. The anti-fungal activity was tested by well diffusion method, the methanol extract showed C. albicans (100µg/16mm) and hexane (100µg/14mm). The Griess test, which measures the anti-inflammatory response, was employed to assess the substances that inhibit the production of NO, at a concentration of 100 µg/ml, the methanol extract exhibited a NO inhibition of 49.04±0.457. The current study’s findings will pave the way for the creation of herbal remedies using. The findings of the current study on D. dissectus may pave the way for the development of herbal remedies for a variety of illnesses, potentially resulting in the creation of innovative therapeutics.

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