Biological activities of phenolic extracts of a medicinal plant, endemic to the Algerian Sahara: Salvia chudaei Batt. & Trab

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Biological activities of phenolic extracts of a medicinal plant, endemic to the Algerian Sahara: Salvia chudaei Batt. & Trab

Roukia Hammoudi, Dehak Karima, Mohamed Laid Tlili, Siham Khenfer, Maroua Medjouel, Mahfoud Hadj Mahammed
Int. J. Biosci.11( 3), 108-115, September 2017.
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The flora of the Algerian Sahara is rich in aromatic plants used in traditional medicine and many of them are endemic species that can be valued as a source of bioactive products. Phenolic compounds of plant material, find jobs in various sectors. This study was carried out to determine the total phenolic content and flavonoid, in addition to the evaluation of the biological activities of the phenolic compounds extracted from the aerial and underground parts of the medicinal plant endemic to the Algerian Sahara: Salvia chudaei Batt. & Trab. (Lamiaceae). This plant was subjected to two types of extractions (Soxhlet and maceration).  The aerial part extract obtained by Soxhlet had a higher total phenolic content and flavonoid. The antioxidant activity of these extracts was evaluated using the DPPH test. Extracts from the aerial and underground parts obtained by maceration showed strong antioxidant activity with EC50 values of 14 and 15 μg/mL respectively, whereas the EC50 of the reference (ascorbic acid) was 22 μg/mL. The results of the anti-hemolytic activity carried out by the H2O2 test revealed that the extract of the underground part obtained by maceration has a good anti-hemolytic activity (EC50 55 μg/mL).


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