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Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities from extracts of Cymbopogon schoenanthus L. (Spreng) of Algeria

Research Paper | January 1, 2017

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Mounira Kadri, Nasrine Salhi, Abedelouahab Yahia, Kaouter Amiar, Hada Gnabzia

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Int. J. Biosci.10( 1), 318-326, January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.1.318-326


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The main objective of this study is to investigate the chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil and methanolic extract of Cymbopogon schoenanthus L. of south Algeria. Essential oil of Cymbopogon schoenanthuswere extracted by hydrodistilation, and their chemical composition were identified by GC/MS Antioxidant activity of methanol extracts has been done by using DPPH essay. The antimicrobial activity of essential oil was realised by agar disc diffusion method. The resultants present in aerial partabout21 components accounting more than 76,94% of the total essential oil were identified, the major compounds are constituted by the Guaiol 20,44%,Cis-beta-terpineol 16,23%, Hinesol 10,55%, Cis-sabinene hydrate 9,98% and in root part about 25 components accounting more than 60,94% of the total essential oil were identified, the major compounds are constituted by the Agarospirol 14,21% cis-, beta,-terpineol 12,61%, (+)-4-Carene 6,92%, cis-sabinene hydrate 6,62%, Guaiol 5,88%. IC 50 values observed for DPPH essay were 168,28 ug/ml. In the other hand, this oil was found effective against all tested strains, this activity was ranging from 16,22±3,166 mm with Staphylocoque aureus ATCC 25923. These results provided evidence that the studied plant might indeed be potential sources of natural antioxidant and antimicrobial agents.


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Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities from extracts of Cymbopogon schoenanthus L. (Spreng) of Algeria

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