Comparative study of different exotic olive varieties under the climatic condition of Quetta, Balochistan

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/05/2022
Views (422) Download (48)

Comparative study of different exotic olive varieties under the climatic condition of Quetta, Balochistan

Muhammad Asif, Kanval Shaukat, Ghazala Shaheen, Amna Bano, Rahim Changazi, Mereen Nizar, Abdul Samad
Int. J. Biosci.20( 5), 78-86, May 2022.
Certificate: IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]


The present study was conducted under arid sub-tropical conditions of Quetta Balochistan to evaluate the impact of climatic variations on five olive cultivars, i.e., (Kalamata, Leccino, Pandolino, Arbosona and Arbiquina) through the selection of suitable gene types based on fruit production and oil production. The data recorded for different olive cultivars revealed that the highest oil production percentage was observed in olive cultivars Kalamata 21%, Leccino 20%, and Arbiquina 17%. The lowest oil production percentage was detected in the cultivars Pandolino 16% and Arbosona 10%. Tree canopy, the staminate height of trees and final fruit set percentage and yield per plant reported extremely significant differences among different cultivars. However, fruit size (Length and width), canopy and height of trees and 100 fruit weight of each plant showed less variation among the cultivars. Oil extraction percentage and total fruit weight per plant showed extreme variability among all the characters. Concluding, olive cultivars, i.e., Kalamata, Leccino and Arbiquina found most suitable for oil extraction under the climatic condition of Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.


Brenes FMJ, Granados FL, Castro AI, Sanchez JT, Serrano N, Pena JM. 2017. Quantifying pruning impacts on olive tree architecture and annual canopy growth by using UAV‑based 3D modeling. Jiménez‑Brenes et al. Plant Methods.

Caponio F, Bilancia MT, Pasqualone A, Sikorska  E, Gomes T. 2005. Influence of the exposure to light on extra virgin olive oil quality during storage. Eur Food Res Technol 221, 92–98.

Cheikhousman R, Zude M, Bouveresse DJ, Leger CL, Rutledge DN, Birlouez-Aragon I. 2005. Fluorescence spectroscopy for monitoring deterioration of extra virgin olive oil during heating. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 382, 1438–1443.

De l, Rosa R, Leon L, Guerrero N, Rallo L, Barranco D. 2007. Preliminary results of an olive cultivar trial at high density. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 58, 392– 395.

Garcia A, Brenes M, Garcia P, Romero C, Garrido A. 2003. Phenolic content of commercial olive oils. European Food Research and Technology 216, 520–525.

Ibrahim I,  Hassan A, khaddor M, Boussab A, E.l., Garrouj D, Souhial B. 2014. Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Olive Oils from Cooperatives for Olive Growers in the North of Morocco. International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences. 14(02), 4-11

Iqbal MA, Hafiz IA, Abbasi NA, Shah MKN. 2019. Adaptability, Agronomic and Yield Performance of Exotic Olive (Olea Europaea) Cultivars in Pothwar Region of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 51(5), 1745-1751.

Karagounis TK, Gittler JK, Rotemberg V Morel KD. 2019. Use of “natural” oils for moisturization. Review of olive, coconut, and sunflower seed oil. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 57(S), 152–57.

Keys A. 1995. Mediterranean diet and public health: personal reflections. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 61, 1321S–1323S.

Khan I, Rizwan S, Sajjad A, Baloch K, Mahmood, K, Hafeez I, Mehmood Z, Azam M. 2017. Physicochemical analysis and fatty acid composition of oils extracted from two exotic cultivars of olive (Olea Europaea L.) Cultivated In Balochistan, Pakistan, Indo American journal of pharmaceutical sciences 4(10).

Larcher W. 1995. Physiological plant ecology. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 14(3), 212–214.

Lavee S, Wodner M. 2004. The effect of yield, harvest time and fruit size on the oil content in fruits of irrigated olive trees (Olea europaea), cvs. Barnea and Manzanillo. Scientia Horticulturae 99, 267–277.

Lavee S. 1996. Biology and physiology of the olive, p. 59–104. In: International Olive Oil Council (IOOC)(eds.). World Olive Encyclopedia, IOOC, Madrid, Spain. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 45, 1046–1083.

Lepedus H, Cesar V, Suver M. 2003. The annual changes or chloroplast pigments content in current- and previous-year needles or Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) exposed to cement dust pollution. Acta Botanica Croatica 62, 27–35.

Liu JL, Du M, Shang KY, Chen SY, Xu HB Xie MY. 1997. The effects of cement dust pollution on rice, rape and soil. Journal Plant Resources Environ 6, 42–47.

Miyasaka SC, Hamasaki RT. 2016. Promising Olive Cultivars for Oil Production in Hawaii. Preliminary and regional reports 26(4).

Mnasri SR, Saddoud D, Rouz S, Ben S, Ferchichi A. 2017. Morphological analysis of the autochthon olive varieties cultivated in the North West of Tunisia. Journal of New Science 37, 2042-2048.

Nanos GD, IIias I. 2007. Effects of Inert Dust on Olive (Oleaeuropaea L.) Leaf Physiological Parameters. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 14(3), 212–214.

Nestle M. 1995. Mediterranean diets: historical and research overview. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 61, 1313S–1320S.

Padula G, Giordani E, Bellini E, Rosati A, Pandolfi S, Paoletti A, Pannelli G, Ripa V, De Rose F, Perri E, Buccoliero A, Mennone C. 2008. Field evaluation of new olive (Olea europaea L.) selections and effects of genotype and environment on productivity and fruit characteristics. Advances in Horticultural Science 22(2), 87-94

Rana Cheikhousman Æ Manuela Zude Delphine Jouan-Rimbaud Bouveresse Æ Claude L. Le´ ger Douglas N. Rutledge Æ Ine´ s Birlouez-Aragon

Rizwan S, Benincasa C, Mehmood K, Anjum S, Mehmood Z, Alizai GH, Azam M, Perri E, Sajjad A. 2019. Fatty Acids and Phenolic Profiles of Extra virgin Olive Oils from Selected Italian Cultivars Introduced in Southwestern Province of Pakistan. Journal of Oleo Science 68(1), 33-43.

Sorkheh K, Khaleghi E. 2016. Molecular characterization of genetic variability and structure of olive (Olea europaea L.) germplasm collection analyzed by agromorphological traits and microsatellite markers. The Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 40, 583-596.

Trentacoste ER, Puertas CM, Sadras VO. 2010. Effect of fruit load on oil yield components and dynamics of fruit growth and oil accumulation in olive. European Journal of Agronomy 32, 249–254.

Visioli F, Galli C. 2001. The role of antioxidants in the Mediterranean diet. Lipids 36, S49–S52.

Vossen P. 2007. Olive Oil: History, Production, and Characteristics of the World’s Classic Oils. Suite Santa Ros 9, 54-03.