Comparative study of different exotic olive varieties under the climatic condition of Quetta, Balochistan

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Research Paper 01/05/2022
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Comparative study of different exotic olive varieties under the climatic condition of Quetta, Balochistan

Muhammad Asif, Kanval Shaukat, Ghazala Shaheen, Amna Bano, Rahim Changazi, Mereen Nizar, Abdul Samad
Int. J. Biosci.20( 5), 78-86, May 2022.
Certificate: IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The present study was conducted under arid sub-tropical conditions of Quetta Balochistan to evaluate the impact of climatic variations on five olive cultivars, i.e., (Kalamata, Leccino, Pandolino, Arbosona and Arbiquina) through the selection of suitable gene types based on fruit production and oil production. The data recorded for different olive cultivars revealed that the highest oil production percentage was observed in olive cultivars Kalamata 21%, Leccino 20%, and Arbiquina 17%. The lowest oil production percentage was detected in the cultivars Pandolino 16% and Arbosona 10%. Tree canopy, the staminate height of trees and final fruit set percentage and yield per plant reported extremely significant differences among different cultivars. However, fruit size (Length and width), canopy and height of trees and 100 fruit weight of each plant showed less variation among the cultivars. Oil extraction percentage and total fruit weight per plant showed extreme variability among all the characters. Concluding, olive cultivars, i.e., Kalamata, Leccino and Arbiquina found most suitable for oil extraction under the climatic condition of Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.

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