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Comparison of autumn and spring sowing on performance of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties

Omid Sadeghipour, Parviz Aghaei

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Int. J. Biosci.2(6), 49-58, June 2012

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Abstract

Sowing time and variety are two important factors which influence crop performance including chickpea. In order to investigate the effects of autumn and spring sowing dates on yield and yield components of chickpea varieties a field experiment was carried out in Shahre-Rey region, in south of Tehran, Iran during 2010/2011. The experiment was laid out in factorial arrangement on the basis of randomized complete block design with four replications which five sowing dates (October 12, November 02 and November 22 as autumn sowing dates and March 16 and April 06 as spring sowing dates) and five chickpea varieties (Arman, Azad, Hashem, ILC1799 and ILC482) were treatments. Results showed that the longer growing period of autumn-sown chickpeas affected positively characters contributing to yield such as biomass, pods per plant, seeds per pod, 100-seeds weight and harvest index, which in turn contributed to increased seed yield. Varieties had significant effects on all measured traits. Except ILC482 other varieties gave higher seed yield in autumn sowing. The degree of superiority of seed yield in autumn sowing as compared to spring was strongly affected by the environmental conditions and tolerance of varieties to cold stress. The maximum seed yield (612.8 g m-2) was recorded with ILC1799 sown on November 02.

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Comparison of autumn and spring sowing on performance of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties

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